May 30 May 29, 2015 22:04:08 GMT -5
Post by Evon on May 29, 2015 22:04:08 GMT -5
May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 215 days remaining until the end of the year.
Days until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
Stones from the Western Wall of the Temple Mount (Jerusalem) thrown onto the street by Roman soldiers on the Ninth of Av, 70
70 Siege of Jerusalem: Titus and his Roman legions breach the Second Wall of Jerusalem. The Jewish defenders retreat to the First Wall. The Romans build a circumvallation, cutting down all trees within fifteen kilometres.
Richard II meets the rebels on 13 June 1381 in a miniature from a 1470s copy of Jean Froissart's Chronicles.
1381 Beginning of the Peasants' Revolt in England.
The burning of Jerome of Prague, John Foxe's Book of Martyrs (1563)
1416 The Council of Constance, called by Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, burns Jerome of Prague, one of the chief followers of Jan Hus, following a trial for heresy.
Painting, c. 1485. An artist's interpretation, since the only known direct portrait has not survived. (Centre Historique des Archives Nationales, Paris, AE II 2490)
1431 Hundred Years' War: In Rouen, France, the 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. The Roman Catholic Church remembers this day as the celebration of Saint Joan of Arc.
1434 Hussite Wars:: Effectively ending the war, Utraquist forces led by Diviš Bořek of Miletínek defeat and almost annihilate Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great.
1536 King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives.
1539 In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold.
The Spanish Armada and English ships in August 1588, by unknown painter (English School, 16th century)
1588 The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
Front page of La Gazette, 26 December 1786
1631 Publication of Gazette de France, the first French newspaper.
1635 Thirty Years' War: The Peace of Prague is signed.
Jackson in 1824, painting by Thomas Sully
1806 Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson's wife of bigamy.
1814 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition: The Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent. Napoleon I is exiled to Elba.
The East Indiaman Repulse (1820) in the East India Dock Basin.
1815 The East Indiaman Arniston is wrecked during a storm at Waenhuiskrans, near Cape Agulhas, in present-day South Africa, with the loss of 372 lives.
From Greenland's Icy Mountains - Reginald Heber
1819 Anglican Bishop Reginald Heber (1783–1826) penned the lines to the famous missionary hymn “From Greenland’s Icy Mountains.”
1822 A slave betrayed the plans of an African Methodist (and former slave) Denmark Vesey (b. 1767?) to stage a massive slave uprising on 14 July. Of the 131 African Americans arrested in the plot, 35 were executed (included Vesey) and 43 were deported. Vesey's Charleston, South Carolina, church was closed until 1865.
1832 End of the Hambach Festival in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
1834 Joaquim António de Aguiar issues a law extinguishing "all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders" in Portugal, earning him the nickname of "The Friar-Killer".
1883 Brooklyn Bridge stampede. 12 people are trampled to death in a stampede sparked by a rumor that the recently opened Brooklyn Bridge was in danger of collapsing.
1868 First Memorial Day is observed in US. The first major Memorial Day, also known as Decoration Day, is observed to honor those who died in the Civil War. Two dozen communities across US claim to be the birthplace of Memorial Day. However, the official distinction, signed into law by President Johnson in 1966, is held by the village of Waterloo, New York.
1839 The Saxon immigrants deposed Martin Stephan (1777–1846) as bishop in Perry County, Missouri, on charges of immorality, mal-administration and false doctrine.
Portrait by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1843
1842 John Francis attempts to murder Queen Victoria as she drives down Constitution Hill in London with Prince Albert.
1845 The Fatel Razack land in the Gulf of Paria in Trinidad and Tobago carrying the first East Indian to the country.
1946 The first Conference of Lutherans in exile after World War II was held in Hanau, Germany.
This 1856 map shows slave states (gray), free states (pink), U.S. territories (green), and Kansas in center (white).
1854 The Kansas–Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas.
The gravestones at Arlington National Cemetery are decorated by U.S. flags on Memorial Day weekend.
1868 Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern "Memorial Day") is observed in the United States for the first time (by "Commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic" John A. Logan's proclamation on May 5).
Sultan Abdülaziz during his visit to the United Kingdom in 1867
1876 Ottoman Muslim sultan Abdülaziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murad V.
The Brooklyn Bridge, viewed from Manhattan
1883 In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede that crushes twelve people.
1899 Pearl Hart, a female outlaw of the Old West, robs a stage coach 30 miles southeast of Globe, Arizona.
Joe Dawson winning the 1912 Indianapolis 500
1911 At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race.
1913 First Balkan War: The Treaty of London (1913), is signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation.
The RMS Aquitania
on her Maiden Voyage in 1914 in New York Harbor
1914 The new, and then the largest, Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York, New York.
IN THIS TEMPLE
AS IN THE HEARTS OF THE PEOPLE
FOR WHOM HE SAVED THE UNION
THE MEMORY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
IS ENSHRINED FOREVER
Epitaph by Royal Cortissoz above Abraham Lincoln by Daniel Chester French
1922 The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C.. President Taft dedicates Lincoln Memorial
in a ceremony attended by President Warren G. Harding, Chief Justice William Howard Taft and Robert Todd Lincoln.
1934 The first synod of the Confessing Church of Barmen (Germany) ended after two days. Influenced by Karl Barth and Dietrich Bonhoeffer, the synod resisted the teachings of the Nazi-supporting German Christians. Written largely by the Reformed theologian Barth, the Barmen Declaration's theme was that Jesus Christ is the true Word of God and that the church is not to recognize other powers as representing divine revelation.
1935 Babe Ruth goes hitless for the Braves in his final game against the Phillies.
Photograph from the Committee Papers of the Senate Subcommittee Investigating Free Speech and Labor, titled "The Chicago Memorial Day Incident".
1937 Memorial Day Massacre: Chicago police shoot and kill ten labor demonstrators near the Republic Steel plant in South Chicago.
1941 World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb the Athenian Acropolis and tear down the Nazi swastika.
1942 World War II: One thousand British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany. Great Britain launches a thousand-plane raid, code-named as Operation Millennium on the German city of Cologne. Almost 1,500 tons of bombs were dropped in a time span of 90 minutes.
1943: US troops secure the Aleutian Island from Japanese forces. During World War II, American troops secure the Aleutian island of Attu from Japanese forces.
1948 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon, within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
1958 Memorial Day: The remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War respectively, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
1961 The long-time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
Britten in the mid-1960s (photograph by Hans Wild)
1962 Benjamin Britten’s (1913–1976) War Requiem premiered at the reconsecration of the Coventry Cathedral in England.
1963 A protest against pro-Catholic discrimination during the Buddhist crisis is held outside South Vietnam's National Assembly, the first open demonstration during the eight-year rule of Ngo Dinh Diem.
1966 The former Congolese Prime Minister, Évariste Kimba, and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
Surveyor model on Earth
1966 Launch of Surveyor 1, the first US spacecraft to land on an extraterrestrial body.
1967 Egypt and Jordan unite against Israel. The King of Jordan and President Abdel Nasser of Egypt sign a joint defense agreement. The news came as a surprise to Egyptians and foreigners alike since King Hussein has often been criticized for cosying up to the West.
1968 Charles de Gaulle reappears publicly after his flight to Baden-Baden, Germany, and dissolves the French National Assembly by a radio appeal. Immediately after, less than one million of his supporters march on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. This is the turning point of May 1968 events in France.
1971 Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched to map 70% of the surface, and to study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface, of Mars.
1972 The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout the United Kingdom.
1972 In Tel Aviv, Israel, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others. The Lod Airport massacre was a terrorist attack that occurred on May 30, 1972, in which three members of the Japanese Red Army recruited by the Palestinian group called the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-External Operations (PFLP-EO), attacked Tel Aviv's Lod airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport), killing 26 people and injuring 80 others. Two of the attackers were killed, while a third, Kōzō Okamoto, was captured after being wounded.
The dead comprised 17 Christian pilgrims from Puerto Rico, a Canadian citizen, and eight Israelis, including Professor Aharon Katzir, an internationally renowned protein biophysicist, whose brother, Ephraim Katzir, was elected President of Israel the following year.
Because airport security was focused on the possibility of a Palestinian attack, the use of Japanese attackers took the guards by surprise. The attack has often been described as a suicide mission, but it has also been asserted that it was the outcome of a larger operation (the particulars of which remain unpublicized) that went awry. The three perpetrators—Okamoto, Tsuyoshi Okudaira, and Yasuyuki Yasuda—had been trained in Baalbek, Lebanon; the actual planning was handled by Wadie Haddad (a.k.a. Abu Hani), head of PFLP External Operations, with some input from Okamoto. In the immediate aftermath, news magazine Der Spiegel speculated that funding had been provided by some of the $5 million ransom paid by the West German government in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 649 in February 1972.
1974 The Airbus A300 passenger aircraft first enters service.
1989 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 33-foot high "Goddess of Democracy" statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
1998 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
1998 Nuclear Testing: Pakistan conducts an underground test in the Kharan Desert. It is reported to be a plutonium device with yield of 20kt.
2002: Ceremony marking end of ground zero clean up is held. A solemn, wordless ceremony marks the end of the agonizing cleanup at ground zero in New York, 8½ months after 9/11.
2003 Depayin massacre: At least 70 people associated with the National League for Democracy are killed by government-sponsored mob in Burma. Aung San Suu Kyi fled the scene, but is arrested soon afterwards.
2005 American student Natalee Holloway disappears while on a high school graduation trip to Aruba, and caused a media sensation in the United States.
2012 Former Liberian president, Charles Taylor, is sentenced to 50 years in prison for his role in atrocities committed during the Sierra Leone Civil War.
2013 Nigeria passes a law banning same-sex marriage.
1220 Alexander Nevsky, Russian saint (d. 1263)
1812 John Alexander McClernand Major General (Union volunteers)
1820 Edward Topping Doane, missionary to Micronesia, was born in Tonkinsville, Staten Island, New York (d. 15 May 1890).
1830 Edward Winslow Hinks Brevet Major General (Union volunteers)
1832 George Doherty Johnston Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1837 Charles William Fry, English musician, was born in Salisbury (d. 24 August 1882). A bricklayer by trade, like his father, Fry was a versatile musician, playing the violin, cello, piano, cornet, and harmonium, and leading an orchestra and band at the Wesleyan chapel in Alderbury. He also helped the Christian Mission in Salisbury, and his family band accompanied Salvation Army founder William Booth in evangelism campaigns.
1878 Mike Donlin, American baseball player and actor (d. 1933)
1886 Randolph Bourne, American theorist (d. 1918)
1896 Howard Hawks, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1977)
1899 Irving Thalberg, American screenwriter and producer (d. 1936)
1901 Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (d. 1979)
1902 Stepin Fetchit, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1985)
1903 Countee Cullen, American poet and author (d. 1946)
1908 Mel Blanc, American voice actor and singer (d. 1989)
1909 Benny Goodman, American clarinet player, songwriter, and bandleader (d. 1986)
1910 Harry Bernstein, English-American author (d. 2011)
1912 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1912 Millicent Selsam, American author (d. 1996)
1912 Joseph Stein, American playwright (d. 2010)
1916 Mort Meskin, American illustrator (d. 1995)
1918 Bob Evans, American businessman, founded Bob Evans Restaurants (d. 2007)
1920 Franklin J. Schaffner, Japanese-American director and producer (d. 1989)
1922 Hal Clement, American author (d. 2003)
1924 Marv Diemer, American businessman and politician (d. 2013)
1924 Anthony Dryden Marshall, American CIA officer and diplomat (d. 2014)
1924 Armando Peraza, Cuban-American drummer (Santana) (d. 2014)
Jumpin' Cotton Eyed Joe #JohnnyGimble
1926 Johnny Gimble, American singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 2015)
1926 Christine Jorgensen, American transgender (d. 1989)
Cheyenne theme song
1927 Clint Walker, American actor and singer
1930 Robert Ryman, American painter
1931 Larry Silverstein, American businessman
1932 Pauline Oliveros, American accordion player and composer (Deep Listening Band)
1935 Lee Gunther, American production manager and producer (d. 1998)
1936 Keir Dullea, American actor
1936 Ruta Lee, Canadian-American actress and dancer
1937 Rick Mather, American-English architect (d. 2013)
1937 Harry Statham, American basketball player and coach
1938 David Early, American actor (d. 2013)
1938 Billie Letts, American author and educator (d. 2014)
1939 Michael J. Pollard, American actor
1943 James Chaney, American activist (d. 1964)
1943 Gale Sayers, American football player
1944 Peter E. Berger, American film editor (d. 2011)
1944 Meredith MacRae, American actress and singer (d. 2000)
1944 Stav Prodromou, Greek-American businessman
1948 Michael Piller, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2005)
1949 P.J. Carlesimo, American basketball player and coach
1949 Klaus Flouride, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (Dead Kennedys)
1951 Stephen Tobolowsky, American actor, singer, and director
1952 Daniel Grodnik, American film producer and screenwriter
1952 Scott Holmes, American actor
1955 Jake Roberts, American wrestler
1956 Tim Lucas, American novelist and critic
1958 Steve Israel, American politician
1958 Michael López-Alegría , Spanish-American captain, pilot, and astronaut
1958 Ted McGinley, American actor
1961 Ralph Carter, American actor and singer
1961 Bob Yari, Iranian-American director and producer
1962 Kevin Eastman, American author and illustrator, co-created the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
1962 Tonya Pinkins, American actress and singer
1962 Talmadge Davis (d 2005) Cherokee artist, who explored historical and military themes in his highly naturalistic paintings.
1964 Wynonna Judd, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
1964 Tom Morello, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and activist (Rage Against the Machine, Axis of Justice)
1965 Billy Donovan, American basketball player and coach
1966 Stephen Malkmus, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Pavement, Silver Jews, and Stephen Malkmus and the Jicks)
1967 Sven Pipien, German-American bass player (The Black Crowes)
1971 Idina Menzel, American singer-songwriter and actress
1972 Manny Ramirez, Dominican-American baseball player
1974 Cee Lo Green, American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (Goodie Mob and Gnarls Barkley)
1974 Big L, American rapper (Children of the Corn and Diggin' in the Crates Crew) (d. 1999)
1974 David Wilkie, American ice hockey player and coach
1975 Evan Eschmeyer, American basketball player
1975 Brian Fair, American singer-songwriter (Shadows Fall and Overcast)
1975 Marissa Mayer, American computer scientist and businesswoman
1976 Leonel Grave de Peralta, Cuban-American activist
1979 Clint Bowyer, American race car driver
1981 Devendra Banhart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Megapuss)
1981 Blake Bashoff, American actor
1981 Remy Ma, American rapper (Terror Squad)
1982 Eddie Griffin, American basketball player (d. 2007)
1984 Jordan Palmer, American football player
1989 Kevin Covais, American singer and actor
1990 Dean Collins, American actor
1997 Jake Short, American actor
2000 Jared S. Gilmore, American actor
ca. 340 The church historian Eusebius of Caesarea died (b. ca. 260).
Saint Hubert, (Franz Mayer & Co., St. Patrick's Basilica, Ottawa, Canada)
727/728 Hubert, bishop of Maastricht, died (b. ca. 656–658).
1416 Jerome of Prague, Czech martyr and theologian (b. 1379)
1431 Joan of Arc, French martyr and saint (b. 1412)
Self-portrait, 1623, Royal Collection
1640 Peter Paul Rubens (b. 28 June 1577), Flemish painter, died.
1670 John Davenport, English-American minister, co-founded the New Haven Colony (b. 1597)
1864 James Barbour Terrill US attorney/Confederate Brigadier-General, dies at 26
1865 William Clarke Quantrill criminal/Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
1865 John Catron, American jurist (b. 1786)
1911 Milton Bradley, American businessman, founded the Milton Bradley Company (b. 1836)
1912 Wilbur Wright, American pilot and businessman, co-founded the Wright Company (b. 1867)
1939 Floyd Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1904)
1951 Hermann Broch, Austrian-American author (b. 1886)
1953 Dooley Wilson, American actor and singer (b. 1886)
1955 Bill Vukovich, American race car driver (b. 1918)
1964 Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-American physicist (b. 1898)
1964 Eddie Sachs, American race car driver (b. 1927)
1964 Dave MacDonald, American race car driver (b. 1936)
1967 Claude Rains, English-American actor (b. 1889)
1975 Steve Prefontaine, American runner (b. 1951)
1976 Max Carey, American baseball player, coach, and manager (b. 1890)
1980 Carl Radle, American bass player and producer (Delaney & Bonnie and Derek and the Dominos) (b. 1942)
1986 Perry Ellis, American fashion designer, founded Perry Ellis (b. 1940)
Sun Ra at the New England Conservatory of Music, February 27, 1992
Sun Ra: Space is the Place (1974)
1993 Sun Ra, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1914)
1994 Ezra Taft Benson, American religious leader, 13th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who served as United States Secretary of Agriculture during both presidential terms of Dwight D. Eisenhower. (b. 1899)
2000 Tex Beneke, American saxophonist, singer, and bandleader (Glenn Miller Orchestra) (b. 1914)
2005 Alma Ziegler, American baseball player (b. 1918)
2006 Robert Sterling, American actor (b. 1917)
2008 Lorenzo Odone, American adrenoleukodystrophy patient (b. 1978)
2010 Peter Orlovsky, American poet and actor (b. 1933)
2011 Clarice Taylor, American actress (b. 1917)
2011 Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
2012 Pete Cosey, American guitarist (b. 1943)
2012 John Fox, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1957)
2012 Charles Lemmond, American politician (b. 1929)
2012 Jack Twyman, American basketball player and sportscaster (b. 1934)
2013 Dean Brooks, American physician and actor. He portrayed "Dr. Spivey" in the film One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest (1975) (b. 1916)
2013 Helen Hanft, American stage actress (b. 1934)
2013 Larry Jones, American football player and coach (b. 1933)
2014 Joan Lorring, Hong Kong-American actress (b. 1926)
2015 Beau Biden, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 44th Attorney General of Delaware (b. 1969)
2015 Lennie Merullo, American baseball player and scout (b. 1917)
2015 L. Tom Perry, American businessman and religious leader (b. 1922)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Earliest day on which Feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary can fall, while July 3 is the latest; celebrated 20 days after Pentecost. (Catholic Church)
Ferdinand III of Castile
Isaac of Dalmatia
Joan of Arc
May 30 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Saint Macrina the Elder, grandmother of St. Basil the Great (340)
Saint Emmelia of Caesarea, mother of Saint Basil the Great (375) (see also January 1)
Venerable Isaac the Confessor, founder of the Dalmatian Monastery at Constantinople (383)
Martyrs Aphrodisius, Agapius, Eusebios, Charalampos and Christina, in Nicomedia, by fire (see also April 28 - Latin Calendar)
Martyrs Romanos and Teletios, in Nicomedia, by the sword.
Martyr Euplius (Efplos).
Martyr Natalios, by the sword.
Venerable Martyr Barlaam, of Caesarea in Cappadocia.
Hieromartyr Eutyches. (see also August 24)
Saint Cyprian of Antioch, reposed in peace.
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Martyrs Gabinus and Crispulus, at Torres in Sardinia, Protomartyrs of Sardinia (130)
Pope Saint Felix I, who was the first to condemn the heresy of Paul of Samosata (274)
Saint Venantius of Gaul, elder brother of St Honoratus of Lérins (374)
Saint Exuperantius (Esuperantio), Bishop of Ravenna and Confessor (418)
Saint Madelgisilus, Irish saint, disciple of St Fursey (655)
Saint Anastasius of Pavia (680)
Saint Hubert (Hugbert of Bretigny, Hubert of Maastricht), the "Apostle of the Ardennes", first Bishop of Liège (727)
Saint Gamo, monk and then Abbot of Brétigny near Noyon in France (8th century)
Saint Walstan, a farm labourer in Taverham and Costessey, remarkable for his charity (1016)
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
Saint James, monk of Starotorzhok in Galich, Kostroma (15th-16th century)
Venerables Isaiah and Nikanor of Arkhangel'sk (16th-17th century)
New Martyrs and Confessors
Hieromartyr Basil, Priest (1942)
Consecration of the Church of St. Euphemia in Dexiokratiana, Constantinople.
Repose of Abbot Ephraim of Sarov (1778)