May 28 May 28, 2015 1:01:39 GMT -5
Post by Evon on May 28, 2015 1:01:39 GMT -5
May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 217 days remaining until the end of the year.
Days until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
A total solar eclipse occurs when the moon completely covers the sun's disk, as seen in this 1999 solar eclipse. Solar prominences can be seen along the limb (in red) as well as extensive coronal filaments.
585 BC A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by the Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of Halys, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
621 Battle of Hulao: Li Shimin, the son of the Chinese emperor Gao Zu, defeats the numerically superior forces of Dou Jiande near the Hulao Pass (Henan). This victory decides the outcome of the civil war that followed the Sui Dynasty's collapse in favour of the Tang Dynasty.
1503 James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married according to a papal bull by Pope Alexander VI. A Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England signed on that occasion results in a peace that lasts ten years.
1533 The Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer, declares the marriage of King Henry VIII of England to Anne Boleyn valid.
The Spanish Armada and English ships in August 1588, (unknown, 16th-century, English School)
1588 The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, heading for the English Channel. (It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port.)
1677 The Treaty of 1677 (or the Treaty Between Virginia And The Indians 1677 or Treaty of Middle Plantation) was signed in Virginia on May 28, 1677 between Charles II of England and representatives from various Virginia Native American tribes including the Nottoway, the Appomattoc, the Wayonaoake, the Nansemond, the Nanzatico, the Monacan, the Saponi, and the Meherrin following the end of Bacon's Rebellion.
The treaty designated those that signed as "tributary tribe(s)," meaning they were guaranteed their homeland territories, hunting and fishing rights, the right to keep and bear arms, and other colonial protections so long as they maintained obedience and subjugation to the English Empire.
The twenty-one articles of the treaty were confirmed when England sent gifts to the chiefs along with various badges of authority.
The Queen of Pamunkey, known as Cockacoeske to the English, received a red velvet cap which was fastened with a silver frontlet and silver chains.
Portrait of George Washington by Charles Willson Peale, 1772
1754 French and Indian War: in the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under the 22-year-old Lieutenant colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
President Andrew Jackson called for an Indian Removal Act in an 1829 speech.
1830 U.S. President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act which relocates Native Americans. The law authorized the president to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their lands. The Act was signed by Jackson and it was enforced under his administration and that of Martin Van Buren.
The act enjoyed strong support from the White people of the South, but there was a large amount of resistance from the Indian tribes, the Whig Party, and whites in the northeast, especially New England. The Cherokee worked together as an independent nation to stop this relocation. However, the Cherokee were unsuccessful in their attempt to keep their land and were eventually forcibly removed by the United States government in a march to the west that later became known as the Trail of Tears.
1863: African-American regiment departs for combat. The 54th Massachusetts Infantry, the most famous African-American regiment of the war, leaves Boston for combat in the South.
A barricade on Rue Voltaire, after its capture by the regular army during the Bloody Week
1871 Fall of the Paris Commune.
1892 In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
1907 The first Isle of Man TT race was held.
1918 U.S. troops score victory at Cantigny. During World War I, an Allied force including a full brigade of nearly 4,000 United States soldiers captures the village of Cantigny on the Somme River in France from their German enemy.
1929: First all-color-talking picture debuts. The first all-color talking picture, "On with the Show!" produced by Warner Bros., opens in New York.
Afsluitdijk with the Wadden Sea (a part of the North Sea) on the left and the IJsselmeer on the right
1932 In the Netherlands, construction of the Afsluitdijk is completed and the Zuiderzee bay is converted to the freshwater IJsselmeer.
Ontario Premier Mitchell Hepburn with the Dionne babies
1934 Near Callander, Ontario, Canada, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne; they will be the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1936 Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
A view of the Golden Gate Bridge from Marshal beach
1937 The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D.Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
1937 Volkswagen (VW), the German automobile manufacturer is founded.
German Panzer II tanks in western Belgium, May 1940
1940 World War II: Belgium surrenders to Nazi Germany to end the Battle of Belgium.
1940 World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik in Norway. This is the first allied infantry victory of the War.
1942 World War II: in retaliation for the assassination attempt on Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1,800 people.
1948 Daniel François Malan is elected as Prime Minister of South Africa. He later goes on to implement Apartheid.
1949 A Communist party congress in Czechoslovakia declared its right to educate children in atheistic Leninism regardless of their parent's religious views.
1952 The women of Greece are granted the right to vote.
"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
1954 The words “under God” were added to the Pledge of Allegiance when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill to that effect.
1958 Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement, heavily reinforced by Frank Pais Militia, overwhelm an army post in El Uvero.
1959 The Presbyterian Church in the United States of America merged with the United Presbyterian Church of North America, forming the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America.
1961 Peter Benenson's article The Forgotten Prisoners is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.
1964 The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.
1975 Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, creating the Economic Community of West African States.
\The Beverly Hills Supper Club on fire
1977 In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside. It was the deadliest fire in the United States since 1944, when 168 people were killed in the Hartford circus fire in Hartford, Connecticut
1979 Konstantinos Karamanlis signs the full treaty of the accession of Greece with the European Economic Community.
Rust's Cessna 172, resting near Red Square some time after his landing. Rust is standing on the right in the photo, wearing colored overalls.
1987 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in the Red Square in Moscow, Russia. He is immediately detained and will not be released until August 3, 1988.
Disabled T-62 tank in Addis Ababa, 1991
1991 The capital city of Addis Ababa falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.
1993 Eritrea and Monaco join the United Nations.
1995 The Russian town of Neftegorsk is hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake that kills at least 2,000 people, half of the total population.
Jim Guy Tucker
1996 U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, Jim McDougal and Susan McDougal, and the Governor of Arkansas Jim Guy Tucker, are convicted of fraud.
1998 Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of nuclear tests by India with five of its own codenamed Chagai-I, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions. Pakistan celebrates Youm-e-Takbir annually.
1999 In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece The Last Supper is put back on display.
Aerial photo of the World Trade Center site, as it appeared on September 23, 2001
2002 The last steel girder is removed from the original World Trade Center site. Cleanup duties officially end with closing ceremonies at Ground Zero in Manhattan, New York City.
Conceptual drawing of Mars Odyssey over Mars.
2002 The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large ice deposits on the planet Mars.
2004 The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, as prime minister of Iraq's interim government.
2010 In West Bengal, India, a train derailment and subsequent collision kills 141 passengers.
2011 Malta votes on the introduction of divorce.
2012 The discovery of Flame, a complex malware program targeting computers in Middle Eastern countries, is announced.
1524 Selim II, Ottoman sultan (d. 1574)
1764 Edward Livingston, American jurist and politician, 11th United States Secretary of State (d. 1836)
1807 Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American paleontologist and geologist (d. 1873)
1818 Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard St-Bernard LA, US Confederate General (Hero of Sumter) (d. 1893)
1819 William Birney Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1907
1828 Alpheus Baker Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
1830 George Lucas Hartsuff Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
1831 Eliza Ann Gardner underground railway conductor
1835 Annie Sherwood Hawks, American Baptist homemaker and hymnist, was born in Hoosick New York (d. 3 January 1918).
1837 Tony Pastor, American impresario, variety performer and theatre owner who became one of the founding forces behind American vaudeville in the mid- to late-nineteenth century. He was sometimes referred to as the "Father of Vaudeville". The strongest elements of his entertainments were an almost jingoistic brand of United States patriotism and a strong commitment to attracting a mixed-gender audience, the latter being something revolutionary in the male-oriented variety halls of the mid-century (d. 1908)
1838 Basil Wilson Duke Kentucky, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1916
1862 Henry W Slocum Jr American male tennis champion (US Open-1888)
1886 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Italian-American mobster (d. 1954)
1888 Jim Thorpe, Sac and Fox athlete of Native American and European ancestry. Considered one of the most versatile athletes of modern sports, he won Olympic gold medals for the 1912 pentathlon and decathlon, played American football (collegiate and professional), and also played professional baseball and basketball. He lost his Olympic titles after it was found he was paid for playing two seasons of semi-professional baseball before competing in the Olympics, thus violating the amateurism rules that were then in place. In 1983, 30 years after his death, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) restored his Olympic medals. (d. 1953)
1892 Minna Gombell, American stage and film actress (d. 1973)
1900 Tommy Ladnier, American trumpet player (d. 1939)
1910 Rachel Kempson, English-American actress (d. 2003)
T Bone Walker stormy monday
1910 Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (d March 16, 1975) American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was a pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound. In 2011, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 67 on its list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"
1915 Joseph Greenberg, American linguist and academic (d. 2001)
1916 Walker Percy, American author (d 1990)
1917 Barry Commoner, American biologist and politician (d. 2012)
1917 Papa John Creach, American violinist (Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna, and The Dinosaurs) (d. 1994)
1922 Lou Duva, American boxing trainer and manager
1922 Roger Fisher, American author and academic (d. 2012)
1928 Sally Forrest, American actress and dancer (d. 2015)
1930 Edward Seaga, American-Jamaican politician, 5th Prime Minister of Jamaica
1931 Carroll Baker, American actress
1931 Gordon Willis, American cinematographer (d. 2014)
1933 John Karlen, American actor
1933 Zelda Rubinstein, American actress (d. 2010)
1936 Betty Shabazz, American educator and activist (d. 1997)
1938 Jerry West, American basketball player, coach, and manager
1938 Maurice Woods, American actor (d. 1983)
1940 Shlomo Riskin, American rabbi, founded the Lincoln Square Synagogue
1941 Beth Howland, American actress
1942 Stanley B. Prusiner, American neurologist and biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1944 Rudy Giuliani, American lawyer and politician, 107th Mayor of New York City
1944 Gladys Knight, American singer-songwriter and actress (Gladys Knight & the Pips)
1944 Sondra Locke, American actress, singer, and director
1944 Gary Stewart, American singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
1944 Billy Vera, American singer-songwriter and actor
1945 Patch Adams, American physician and author, founded the Gesundheit! Institute
1945 John N. Bambacus, American politician
1945 John Fogerty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Creedence Clearwater Revival and The Golliwogs)
1946 Skip Jutze, American baseball player
1947 Leland Sklar, American singer-songwriter and bass player (The Section and Era)
1949 Wendy O. Williams, American singer-songwriter and actress (Plasmatics) (d. 1998)
1950 Kamala, American wrestler
1952 Roger Briggs, American pianist, composer, conductor, and educator
1953 Arto Lindsay, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer (DNA, The Golden Palominos, The Lounge Lizards, and Ambitious Lovers)
1954 Townsend Coleman, American voice actor
1955 Laura Amy Schlitz, American author
1955 Mark Howe, American ice hockey player and coach
1956 Jerry Douglas, American guitarist and producer (The Country Gentlemen and Strength in Numbers)
1957 Kirk Gibson, American baseball player and manager
1957 Ben Howland, American basketball player and coach
1960 Mark Sanford, American captain and politician, 115th Governor of South Carolina
1962 Brandon Cruz, American actor
1962 James Michael Tyler, American actor
1963 Houman Younessi, Australian-American scientist and educator
1964 David Baddiel, American-English comedian, actor, and author
1964 Armen Gilliam, American basketball player and coach (d. 2011)
1964 Christa Miller, American actress
1964 Phil Vassar, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1965 Chris Ballew, American singer-songwriter and bass player (The Presidents of the United States of America and Caspar Babypants)
1966 Roger Kumble, American film director, screenwriter and playwright
1966 Ashley Laurence, American actress
1967 Glen Rice, American basketball player
1969 Mike DiFelice, American baseball player and manager
1969 Justin Kirk, American actor
1970 Glenn Quinn, Irish-American actor (d. 2002)
1971 Marco Rubio, United States Senator from Florida
1974 Alicia Minshew, American actress
1975 Maura Johnston, American journalist
1976 Liam O'Brien, American voice actor, director, and screenwriter
1977 Jeremy Borash, American ring announcer and sportscaster
1977 Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American talk show host and author
1979 Abdulaziz al-Omari, Saudi Arabian terrorist, hijacker of American Airlines Flight 11 (d. 2001)
1979 Jesse Bradford, American actor
1979 Ronald Curry, American football player
1979 Monica Keena, American actress
1981 Daniel Cabrera, Dominican-American baseball player
1981 Eric Ghiaciuc, American football player
1981 Adam Green, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Moldy Peaches)
1981 Victoria Legrand, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Beach House)
1981 Aaron Schock, American politician
1982 Alexa Davalos, French-American actress
1982 Jhonny Peralta, Dominican-American baseball player
1983 Roman Atwood, American comedian and YouTube prankster
1983 Steve Cronin, American soccer player
1983 Humberto Sánchez, Dominican-American baseball player
1985 Colbie Caillat, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1986 Joseph Cross, American actor
1986 Michael Oher, American football player
1986 Seth Rollins, American wrestler
1988 NaVorro Bowman, American football player
1988 Percy Harvin, American football player
1988 Craig Kimbrel, American baseball player
1992 Mira Gonzalez, American poet
1993 Mason Shefa, American director and producer
1995 Jacob Kogan, American actor
1999 Cameron Boyce, American actor and dancer
576 Germain of Paris, French bishop and saint (b. 496)
1023 Wulfstan, English archbishop
Statue of Lanfranc from the exterior of Canterbury Cathedral
1089 Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury, scholar and church reformer, died (b. ca. 1010).
1403 German university masters attacked John Wycliffe's (ca. 1320–1384) reform-minded doctrines, which had spread to their nation by way of Jan Hus (ca. 1370–1415) and others.
1577 Jacob Andreae, Martin Chemnitz and others finished a draft of the Formula of Concord and submitted it to Elector August of Saxony.
1663 Joseph Alleine (1634–1668), non-conformist Puritan preacher, was thrown into prison because he continued to preach after the Act of Uniformity required him to step down. His book Alleine's Alarm is a Puritan classic.
1698 The cornerstone of “Old Swedes” Church in Wilmington, Delaware, was laid.
1843 Noah Webster, American lexicographer and author (b. 1758)
1864 Henry H Giesy US Union-Brigadier-General, dies in battle
1907 Henry Vetter, home missionary in Minnesota, (b. 25 August 1842, Rosswein, Saxony). He studied at Friedrich Brunn's preparatory school at Steeden and then emigrated to the U.S. in 1869 to finish his studies for the ministry at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis). He was responsible for founding many congregations in Minnesota.
1946 Carter Glass, American politician, 47th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1858)
1968 George Walter Gaertner died at Oakland, California (b. 17 August 1893, Evanston, Illinois). He worked much of his life as a missionary to the deaf and the deaf-blind, first in Seattle and then in Oakland, California. For a time he also taught at Concordia College in Oakland. From 1950 to 1964 he served as the regional counselor for the LCMS Board of Missions to the Deaf.
1971 Audie Murphy, American lieutenant and actor, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1924)
1972 Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (b. 1894)
Ezzard Charles the forgotten champion
1975 Ezzard Charles, American boxer (b. 1921)
1981 Mary Lou Williams, American pianist and composer (b. 1910)
1981 Stefan Wyszyński, Polish cardinal (b. 1901)
1983 Erastus Corning 2nd, American politician, 72nd Mayor of Albany (b. 1909)
1988 Sy Oliver, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (b. 1910)
1994 Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American author (b. 1916)
1998 Phil Hartman, Canadian-American actor, singer, and screenwriter (b. 1948)
2000 George Irving Bell, American physicist, biologist, and mountaineer (b. 1926)
2001 Joe Moakley, American lawyer and politician (b. 1927)
2002 Mildred Benson, American journalist and author (b. 1905)
2002 Jean Berger, German-American pianist, composer, and academic (b. 1909)
2003 Martha Scott, American actress (b. 1912)
2004 Michael Buonauro, American author and illustrator (b. 1979)
2007 Marquise Hill, American football player (b. 1982)
2007 David Lane, American white nationalist leader, co-founded The Order (b. 1938)
2008 Robert H. Justman, American director and producer (b. 1926)
2010 Gary Coleman, American actor (b. 1968)
2012 Matthew Yuricich, American special effects artist (b. 1923)
2013 Caesar Trunzo, American politician (b. 1926)
2014 Maya Angelou, American author, poet, and actress (b. 1928)
2014 Oscar Dystel, American publisher (b. 1912)
2014 Malcolm Glazer, American businessman (b. 1928)
2014 Bob Houbregs, Canadian-American basketball player and manager (b. 1932)
2015 Steven Gerber, American pianist and composer (b. 1948)
2015 Reynaldo Rey, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1940)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Bernard of Menthon
Germain of Paris
John Calvin (Episcopal Church)
William of Gellone
May 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Hieromartyr Eutychius of Melitene, Bishop of Melitene (1st century)
Woman martyr Heliconis of Thessalonica (244)
Saint Alexander, Bishop of Thessalonica (4th century)
Hieromartyr Helladius of the East, bishop (6th-7th century) (see also May 27)
Saint Nicetas of Medikion (Nicetas the Confessor), Archbishop of Chalcedon (early 9th century)
Blessed Andrew of Constantinople, Fool-for-Christ of Constantinople (911)
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Martyrs Crescens, Paul, Dioscorides and Helladius, of Rome (244)
Martyrs Aemilius, Felix, Priamus, and Lucian, in Sardinia.
Saint Senator of Milan, Bishop of Milan, (480)
Hieromartyr Caraunus (Ceraunus, Cheron), Deacon, near Chartres (5th century)
Saint Justus of Urgell, first recorded Bishop of Urgell, in Catalonia in Spain (527)
Saint Germain of Paris (Germanus), Bishop (576)
Saint William of Gellone, built a monastery at Gellone in France, later named Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert (812)
Saint Podius, Bishop of Florence from 990, and Confessor (1002)
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
Venerable Virgin-Martyr Philothea (Philothea of Argeș), Wonderworker (12th century)
Saint Ignatius of Rostov, Bishop and Wonderworker (1288)
Saint Gerontius, Metropolitan of Moscow (1489)
Venerable Sophronius of Bulgaria, Monk (1510)
New Martyr Demetrius (Mitros) of Tripolitsa (1794)
New Hieromartyr Zachariah, Priest of Prusa (1802)
Saint Helen Manturova, Nun of Diveyevo (1832)
Blessed Domnica (Likvinenko), Ascetic of Cherson (1967)
New Martyrs and Confessors
Hieromartyrs Macarius Morzhov, and Nicholas Aristov (Deacon) (1931)
Martyrs Dionisius Petushkov, Ignatius Markov and Peter Yudin (1931)
Hieromartyr Heraclius Motyah, Confessor (1936)
Hieromartyr Basil Preobrazhensky, Priest (1940)
Hieromartyr Hermogenes Kadomtsev (1942)
Icon of the Mother of God of Nicea (304)
Icon of the Mother of God "the Unbreakable Wall".
Icon of the Mother of God the "Softener of Evil Hearts"
Synaxis of the Galich "Umilenie-Tenderness" Icon of the Mother of God (1350)