December 11 Dec 10, 2013 19:24:18 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Dec 10, 2013 19:24:18 GMT -5
December 11 is the 345th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 20 days remaining until the end of the year.
Days until coming elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
Portrait of Emperor Julian on a bronze coin from Antioch minted in 360-363
361 Julian the Apostate enters Constantinople as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire.
A depiction of Muhammad (with veiled face) advancing on Mecca from Siyer-i Nebi, a 16th-century Ottoman manuscript. The angels Gabriel, Michael, Israfil and Azrail, are also shown.
630 Muhammad leads an army of 10,000 to conquer Mecca.
969 Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas is assassinated by his wife Theophano and her lover, the later Emperor John I Tzimiskes.
Llewelyn ap Gruffudd at Cardiff City Hall.
1282 Llywelyn the Last, the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales.
1518 Swiss Reformer Huldrych Zwingli (1484–1531) became the “people's priest” at the Old Minster Church in Zurich, a position he held for the remaining thirteen years of his life.
Charles Emmanuel I
1602 A surprise attack by forces under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva.
1640 The “Root and Branch” petition with 15,000 signatures was introduced by the Puritans in the Long Parliament in London. It demanded that the English episcopacy be abolished.
James II & VII
Portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1684
1688 James II of England abdicated the throne by throwing the Great Seal of the Realm into the River Thames.
1719 First recorded display of Aurora Borealis in US (New England)
1789 The University of North Carolina is chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly.
1792 French Revolution: King Louis XVI of France is put on trial for treason by the National Convention.
1815 The U.S. Senate creates a select committee on finance and a uniform national currency, predecessor of the United States Senate Committee on Finance.
1816 Indiana becomes the 19th U.S. state.
1844 First dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford CT
Gilbert and Sullivan's Iolanthe at the Bijou, 1884
1882 Boston's Bijou Theatre, first American playhouse lit exclusively by electricity, opens. The Bijou Theatre opened on December 11, 1882 as a "Parlor Opera House" featuring Gilbert and Sullivan's "Iolanthe." It was located on the second floor of an annex to the next-door Adams House hotel. It replaced an earlier theatre in the same building that at various times was called the Lion, the Mechanics Institute, the Melodeon Varieties, the New Melodeon, and the Gaiety. B.F. Keith took over the Bijou in 1886 and began to stage vaudeville shows there. Later he converted it to show movies and renamed it the Bijou Dream.
The theater became known as the Bijou Theatre and was the first in the United States to show films commercially, in 1882. In 1883, Benjamin Franklin Keith gave birth to American Vaudeville here.
1888 French Panamá Canal company fails. In spite of the Fench company's failure, they had excavated a total of 59.75 million cubic metres which included 14.255 million cubic metres from the Culebra Cut. This lowered the peak by 102 metres. The value of work completed by the French was about $ 25 million. When the French left, they left behind a considerable amount of machinery housing and a hospital. The reasons behind the French failing to complete the project were due to disease carrying mosquitos and the inadequacy of their machinery.
1917 British General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem on foot and declares martial law.
Christ Pantocrator mosaic from Hagia
1925 Roman Catholic papal encyclical Quas Primas introduces the Feast of Christ the King.
1926 Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam
1927 Guangzhou Uprising: Communist militia and worker Red Guards launch an uprising in the Chinese city of Guangzhou, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet.
1931 The British Parliament enacts the Statute of Westminster 1931, establishing legislative equality between the United Kingdom and the self-governing dominions of the British Commonwealth: Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and the Irish Free State.
1934 Bill Wilson, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, takes his last drink and enters treatment for the last time.
The Instrument of Abdication signed by Edward VIII and his three brothers
1936 Abdication Crisis: EdwardVIII's abdication as King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India, becomes effective.
Italian artillery in Ethiopia in 1936.
1937 Second Italo–Ethiopian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
1939 Marlene Dietrich recorded "Falling In Love Again" on Decca. Marlene Dietrich was a film actress whose aura of sophistication and sensuality made her one of the most glamorous of all film stars. She first studied the violin, then acting under Max Reinhardt, the innovative theatrical director. She eventually joined Reinhardt's theatre company. Seven years after her first appearance in German films as an extra, her stardom was established by her role as Lola-Lola, a sultry and world-weary nightclub performer in Josef von Sternberg's Der blaue Engel (1930; The Blue Angel). Adapted from Heinrich Mann's novel Professor Unrat, the film was an international success. For less than 50,000 dollars, Dietrich agreed to co-star with James Stewart in the 1939 Western satire Destry Rides Again. The picture was a surprise smash.
Hitler declaring war on the United States on 11 December 1941
1941 World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, following the Americans' declaration of war on the Empire of Japan in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States, in turn, declares war on them.
1941 The United Council of Church Women was formed.
1941 World War II: Poland declares war on Empire of Japan.
1946 The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is established.
1948 The United Nations passes General Assembly Resolution 194, which established and defined the role of the United Nations Conciliation Commission as an organization to facilitate peace in the British Mandate for Palestine.
1960 French forces crack down in a violent clash with protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French president Charles de Gaulle.
1961 Elvis Presley's "Blue Hawaii" album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 20 weeks. In his eighth movie, The King plays an ex-G.I. who returns to the islands and gets a job with a tourist agency. He soon finds himself serving as a tourguide to a group of giggling schoolgirls and their lovely teacher. Blue Hawaii featured 15 new songs and resulted in one of Elvis's best-selling albums! Elvis, as Chad Gates, performs one of his top hits, I Can't Help Falling in Love With You.In an unexpected role, Angela Lansbury portrays Chad's Southern Belle mother!
1962 Arthur Lucas, convicted of murder, is the last person to be executed in Canada.
1962 American missionary and apologist Francis Schaeffer wrote in a letter: 'Our trusting the Lord does not mean that there are not times of tears. I think it is a mistake as Christians to act as though trusting the Lord and tears are not compatible.'
1964 Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York, New York.
1965 "Turn! Turn! Turn!" by the Byrds topped the charts. This song was written by Pete Seeger, an influential folk singer and activist. He recorded it before The Byrds covered it as a follow-up to their hit "Mr. Tambourine Man." The lyrics were based on a passage from the book of Ecclesiastes in The Bible. This was the second #1 hit for the Byrds (after "Mr. Tambourine Man").
1968 The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus featuring The Rolling Stones, Jethro Tull (band), The Who, Taj Mahal (musician), Marianne Faithfull, The Dirty Mac, Yoko Ono, Sir Robert Fossett's Circus and the Nurses is filmed at the Intertel (V.T.R. Services) Studio, Wycombe Road, Wembley
Gene Cernan aboard the Lunar Rover during the first EVA of Apollo 17
1972 Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and last Apollo mission to land on the Moon.
1975 The Central American Mission changed its name to CAM Intentional, after expanding its missionary efforts into Latin America. (This evangelical mission group was founded in 1890 by C.I. Scofield, editor of the Scofield Bible.)
Workers in hazmat suits check the status of a cleanup site
1980 The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, also known as CERCLA or Superfund, is enacted by the U.S. Congress.
The memorial at El Mozote
1981 El Mozote massacre: Armed forces in El Salvador kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the Salvadoran Civil War.
1983 Pope John Paul II (1920–2005) visited a Lutheran church in Rome, becoming the first pope to visit a Protestant church in his own diocese.
Remaining Highland Towers in 2012.
1993 Forty-eight people are killed when a block of the Highland Towers collapses near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Russian Mil Mi-8 helicopter brought down by Chechen fighters near the capital Grozny in 1994
1994 First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya.
Aftermath of the bombing, photographed by the United States Diplomatic Security Service.
1994 A bomb explodes on Philippine Airlines Flight 434, en route from Manila, Philippines to Tokyo, Japan, killing one. The captain is able to safely land the plane. Authorities later discovered that a passenger on the aircraft's preceding leg was Ramzi Yousef. He was later convicted of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Yousef boarded the flight under the fake Italian name "Armaldo Forlani", an incorrect spelling of the name of the Italian legislator Arnaldo Forlani. United States prosecutors said the device Yousef planted was a "Mark II" "microbomb" constructed using Casio digital watches as described in Phase I of the Bojinka plot, for which this was a test. On Flight 434, Yousef used one tenth of the explosive power he planned to use on eleven U.S. airliners in January 1995. The bomb was, or at least all of its components were, designed to slip through airport security checks undetected. The explosive used was liquid nitroglycerin, which was disguised as a bottle of contact lens fluid. Other ingredients included glycerin, nitrate, sulfuric acid, and minute concentrations of nitrobenzene, silver azide, and liquid acetone. The wires he used were hidden in the heel of his shoe, below the detectable range of the metal detectors used by airports of the day.
1997 The Kyoto Protocol opens for signature.
President Bill Clinton
1998 The House Judiciary Committee approved three articles of impeachment. In a historic step toward removing Bill Clinton as president, the House Judiciary Committee approved three articles of impeachment, accusing him of perjury and obstruction of justice in the Monica Lewinsky affair. The vote broke on strict party lines, with the committee's 21 Republicans voting to impeach and 16 Democrats voting against it.
HS-TIC, sister-ship to the accident aircraft
1998 Thai Airways Flight 261 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101. The pilot flying the Thai Airways Airbus A310-300 is thought to have suffered spatial disorientation.
2000 The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments concerning the Florida presidential vote recount. On December 9, 2000 in a 5-4 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered a halt to the Florida hand recounts. Today, oral arguments were held before the Supreme Court. The unofficial tally from the Florida Supreme Court ordered hand recount was Bush +154 when the recount was stopped.
2001 The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization.
2005 The Buncefield Oil Depot catches fire in Hemel Hempstead, England, United Kingdom.
2005 Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese (and many who are not) in Cronulla, New South Wales, Australia. These are followed up by retaliatory ethnic attacks on Cronulla.
2006 The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran by then-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; nations such as Israel and the United States express concern.
2006 Felipe Calderón, the President of Mexico, launches a military-led offensive to put down the drug cartel violence in the state of Michoacán. This effort is often regarded as the first event in the Mexican Drug War.
2007 Two car bombs explode at the Constitutional court building in Algiers, Algeria and the United Nations office. An estimated 45 people are killed in the bombings. As of 2008, it is speculated that the attack was carried out by the Al Qaida cell within the city.
2008 Bernard Madoff is arrested and charged with securities fraud in a $50 billion Ponzi scheme.
2012 At least 125 people are killed and up to 200 injured in bombings in the Alawite village of Aqrab, Syria.
2014 The city of Detroit, Michigan emerges from the largest municipal bankruptcy in United States history.
1475 Giovani de Medici, who as Pope Leo X excommunicated Martin Luther, (d. 1 Dec 1521
1725 George Mason, American politician (d. 1792)
1792 Joseph Mohr, the Austrian Roman Catholic vicar who, along with the Oberndorf Church organist Franz Gruber, on Christmas Eve of 1818, authored the enduring Christmas hymn, "Stille Nacht" ("Silent Night").
1797 Hiram Paulding rear-admiral (Union Navy), (d 1878)
1803 William Schmidt, president of the Lutheran Seminary in Canton, Ohio, in Dunsbach, Wuerttemberg, Germany (d. 3 November 1839).
1830 Kamehameha V of Hawaii (d. 1872)
1843 Robert Koch German bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel 1905)
1863 Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (d. 1941)
1882 Fiorello La Guardia, American politician, 99th Mayor of New York City (d. 1947)
1889 Walter Knott, American farmer, founded Knott's Berry Farm (d. 1981)
1890 Mark Tobey, American painter. His densely structured compositions, inspired by Asian calligraphy, resemble Abstract expressionism, although the motives for his compositions differ philosophically from most Abstract Expressionist painters. His work was widely recognized throughout the United States and Europe. (d. 1976)
1895 John R. Rice American fundamentalist and traveling evangelist in Cook County, Texas (d. 29 Dec 1980).
1901 Oliver R. Harms, seventh president of the Missouri Synod, in Cole Camp, Missouri (d. 3 June 1980).
1904 Marge (Marjorie Henderson Buell ), American cartoonist She was best known as the creator of Little Lulu. (d. 1993)
1905 Gilbert Roland, American actor (d. 1994)
1908 Elliott Carter, American composer (d. 2012)
1911 Harry James Watson "Jimmy" Belvin (1900 -1986) educator, served as an Oklahoma State Representative and Senator. He was the first elected principal chief of any of the Five Civilized Tribes in the 20th century, and the longest serving principal chief of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma. He saw his tribe through termination, restoration, and a rebirth of Native Pride. He was a polarizing leader, seen by some as a semi-dictator who held onto the office of principal chief and used his power to advocate for complete assimilation into the dominant society, suppressing Choctaw traditions, language and ceremonial practices as undesirable remnants of an unrefined history. To others, he was a well-liked, populist leader, who went door-to-door talking with tribe members, informing them on issues, and trying to develop the means the alleviate the poverty and unemployment they faced.
1918 Clinton Adams, American painter (d. 2002)
1919 Marie Windsor, American actress known as "The Queen of the Bs" because she appeared in so many B-movies and film noirs (d. 2000)
1922 Grace Paley,American short story writer, poet, teacher, and political activist. (d. 2007)
1923 Betsy Blair, American actress of film and stage, long based in London. Blair pursued a career in entertainment from the age of eight, and as a child worked as an amateur dancer, performed on radio, and worked as a model, before joining the chorus of Billy Rose's Diamond Horseshoe in 1940. There she met Gene Kelly; they were married the following year, when she was seventeen years old, and divorced sixteen years later in 1957.
1923 Lilian Cahn, Hungarian-American businesswoman, co-founded Coach, Inc. (d. 2013)
1924 Doc Blanchard, American football player, best known as the college football player who became the first ever junior to win the Heisman Trophy, Maxwell Award and was the first ever football player to win the James E. Sullivan Award, all in 1945. He played football for the United States Military Academy at West Point. Because his father was a doctor, Felix Blanchard was nicknamed "Little Doc" as a boy. After football, he served in the United States Air Force from 1947 until 1971 when he retired with the rank of Colonel. (d. 2009)
1925 Aaron Feuerstein, American businessman, philanthropist, and was the third-generation owner and CEO of Malden Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts.
1925 Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate, best known for his work on the molecular and cellular function of neurons. In 2000, Greengard, Arvid Carlsson and Eric Kandel were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries concerning signal transduction in the nervous system. He is currently Vincent Astor Professor at Rockefeller University, and serves on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Cure Alzheimer's Fund.
1925 James Sullivan, American politician (d. 2012)
Big Mama Thornton - Hound Dog (1952) Blues
1926 Big Mama Thornton, American singer-songwriter (d. 1984)
1927 John Buscema, American comic-book artist and one of the mainstays of Marvel Comics during its 1960s and 1970s ascendancy into an industry leader and its subsequent expansion to a major pop culture conglomerate (d. 2002)
1931 Ronald Dworkin, American philosopher and scholar (d. 2013)
1931 Jerome Rothenberg, American poet, translator, and anthropologist, noted for his work in the fields of ethnopoetics and performance poetry.
1932 Keith Waldrop, American poet
1935 Ron Carey, American actor (d. 2007)
1937 Jim Harrison, American author
1938 McCoy Tyner, American pianist and composer
1939 Tom Hayden, American politician and activist
1939 Thomas McGuane, American author
1940 David Gates, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Bread)
1941 Max Baucus, American politician
1941 J. Frank Wilson, American singer-songwriter (J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers) (d. 1991)
1942 Donna Mills, American actress
1943 John Kerry, American politician, 68th United States Secretary of State
1944 Teri Garr, American actress
1944 Jon Garrison, American tenor
1944 Lynda Day George, American actress
1944 Brenda Lee, American singer
1946 Diana Palmer, American author
1950 Christina Onassis, American businesswoman (d. 1988)
1953 Bess Armstrong, American actress
1954 Brad Bryant, American golfer
1954 Jermaine Jackson, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Jackson 5)
1955 Stu Jackson, American basketball coach
1956 Lani Brockman, American actress and director, founded Studio East
1957 Peter Bagge, American illustrator and writer
1958 Isabella Hofmann, American actress
1958 Nikki Sixx, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (Mötley Crüe, Sixx:A.M., Brides of Destruction, London, 58, and Sister)
1961 Dave King, Irish-American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Flogging Molly and Fastway)
1962 Ben Browder, American actor
1962 Paul Haslinger, Austrian-American composer (Tangerine Dream)
1963 Jon Brion, American singer-songwriter, composer, and producer
1964 Alexis Reich, American who falsely confessed to the murder of JonBenét Ramsey
1964 Dave Schools, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer (Widespread Panic, Stockholm Syndrome, and J Mascis + The Fog)
1964 Cosy Sheridan, American singer-songwriter
1965 Jay Bell, American baseball player
1966 Gary Dourdan, American actor
1967 Mo'Nique, American comedian and actress
1967 DJ Yella, American DJ and producer (N.W.A and World Class Wreckin' Cru)
1969 Sean Grande, American sportscaster
1971 Willie McGinest, American football player
1972 Rusty Joiner, American model and actor
1973– Mos Def, American rapper and actor (Black Star and Soulquarians)
1974 Rey Mysterio, American wrestler
1974 Lisa Ortiz, American actress
1976 Shareef Abdur-Rahim, American basketball player
1978 Roy Wood, Jr., American comedian and actor
1979 Rider Strong, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1981 Jeff McComsey, American author and illustrator
1981 Zacky Vengeance, American guitarist (Avenged Sevenfold)
1986 Roy Hibbert, American basketball player
1987 Clifton Geathers, American football player
1993 William Corkery, American voice actor and actor
1996 Hailee Steinfeld, American actress
384 Pope Damasus I (b. 305)
Ögedei Khan, Mongolian Great Khan (b. 1186)
1532 Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal who drafted the papal bull against Martin Luther, (b. 15 Mar 1455).
1872 Kamehameha V of Hawaii (b. 1830)
1880 Oliver Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
1892 William Milligan, Scottish theologian known for his commentary on the Revelation of Saint John, (b. 15 Mar 1821).
1906 Charles Townsend, American fencer (b. 1872)
1932 Horace Newton Allen, Presbyterian medical missionary to China and Korea and a diplomat (b. 23 Apr 1858).
1941 John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American pilot and poet (b. 1922)
1959 Jim Bottomley, American baseball player (b. 1900)
1964 Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (The Highway Q.C.'s and The Soul Stirrers) (b. 1931)
1964 Percy Kilbride, American actor. He made a career of playing country hicks, most memorably as Pa Kettle in the Ma and Pa Kettle series of feature films. (b. 1888)
1968 Arthur Hays Sulzberger, American publisher (b. 1891)
1971 Maurice McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald's (b. 1902)
1975 Lee Wiley, American singer (b. 1908)
1978 Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
1978 Paul O'Dea, American baseball player (b. 1920)
1979 James J. Gibson, American psychologist (b. 1904)
1984 Oskar Seidlin, German-American author, poet, and scholar (b. 1911)
1991 Robert Q. Lewis, American actor and game show host (b. 1921)
1994 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
2000 David Lewis, American actor (b. 1916)
2006 Elizabeth Bolden, American super-centenarian (b. 1890)
2008 Maddie Blaustein, American voice actress (b. 1960)
2008 Bettie Page, American model (b. 1923)
2010 Dick Hoerner, American football player (b. 1922)
2011 John Patrick Foley, American cardinal (b. 1935)
2011 Susan Gordon, American actress (b. 1949)
2012 Albert O. Hirschman, German-American economist (b. 1915)
2012 William B. Hopkins, American politician (b. 1922)
2012 Ravi Shankar, Indian-American sitar player and composer (b. 1920)
2012 Walter Francis Sullivan, American bishop (b. 1928)
2012 Colleen Walker, American golfer (b. 1956)
2013 Barbara Branden, Canadian-American author (b. 1929)
2013 George H. Buck, Jr., American businessman (b. 1928)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Daniel the Stylite
Pope Damasus I
Victoricus, Fuscian, and Gentian
December 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Martyrs Terentius, Vincent, Emilian, and Bebaia, by the sword.
Martyrs Peter the Acsetic, and Acepsimas, in Persia.
Monk-martyr Barsabas, Abbot, of Ishtar, and ten companions, in Persia (342)
Martyrs Aeithalas and Acepsius, at Arbela in Assyria (354)
Saint Daniel the Stylite, of Constantinople (490)
Martyr Mirax of Egypt (c. 640)
Saint Nikephoros Phokas, Emperor of Byzantium (969)
Saint Luke the New Stylite, of Chalcedon (979)
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Martyrs Victoricus, Fuscian, and Gentian (c. 287)
Martyrs Thrason, Pontian and Praetextatus, in Rome under Diocletian, for ministering to Christian prisoners awaiting martyrdom (302)
Saint Eutychius, a martyr called San Oye either in Mérida or else in Cádiz in Spain (4th century)
Saint Sabinus of Piacenza, Bishop of Piacenza in Italy and a close friend of St Ambrose, renowned for miracles (420)
Saint Cían, hermit in Wales (6th century)
Saint Peris, the patron saint of Llanberis in Wales (c. 6th century)
Saint Fidweten (Fivetein, Fidivitanus), a monk and disciple of St Convoyon in Redon in Brittany (c. 888)
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
Venerable Nicon “the Dry” of the Kiev Caves (1101)
Venerable Leontius, monk of Monemvasia in the Peloponnese (c. 1450)
Venerable Nomon the Wonderworker, of Cyprus.
Saint Kuksha (Velichko), Hiero-Schemamonk of Odessa (1964)
New Martyrs and Confessors
New Hieromartyr Theophan (Ilminsky), Bishop of Perm and Solikamsk, and with him two priests and five laymen, martyrs (1918).
New Hieromartyr Nicholas, Priest (1937)
New Hieromartyr John Bogoyavlensky, Priest (1941)
Synaxis of the Saints of Georgia
Indiana Day (United States)