Post by Evon on Dec 3, 2013 20:33:03 GMT -5
December 2 is the 336th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 29 days remaining until the end of the year.
Days until coming elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
1409 The University of Leipzig opens. Located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the oldest universities in the world and the second-oldest university (by consecutive years of existence) in Germany. Famous alumni include Leibniz, Goethe, Ranke, Nietzsche, Wagner, Angela Merkel, Raila Odinga, Tycho Brahe and nine Nobel laureates are associated with this university. The university was founded on December 2, 1409 by Frederick I, Elector of Saxony and his brother William II, Margrave of Meissen, and originally comprised the four scholastic faculties. Since its inception the university has engaged in teaching and research for over 600 years without interruption.
1697 St Paul's Cathedral is consecrated in London. It is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits at the top of Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604. The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction, completed within Wren's lifetime, was part of a major rebuilding programme which took place in the city after the Great Fire of London
Elevation of Rudyard's lighthouse finished in 1709
1755 The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire.
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site
1763 Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island, the first synagogue in what will become the United States.
Alfred flying the Grand Union Flag
1775 The USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to fly the Grand Union Flag (the precursor to the Stars and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones.
The Coronation of Napoleon by Jacques-Louis David in 1804
1804 At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of the French, the first French Emperor in a thousand years.
Napoléon at the Battle of Austerlitz, by François Gérard (Galerie des Batailles, Versailles).
1805 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Austerlitz - French troops under Napoleon Bonaparte defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.
1823 Monroe Doctrine: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James Monroe proclaims American neutrality in future European conflicts, and warns European powers not to interfere in the Americas.
1845 Manifest Destiny: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President James K. Polk proposes that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
Franz Joseph I
1848 Franz Josef I becomes Emperor of Austria.
1851 French President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte overthrows the Second Republic. The coup d'état by Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (Napoleon's nephew) erupted on the morning of December 2, 1851. The walls of Paris were plastered with notices announcing the dissolution of the National Assembly, thus establishing a dictatorship. The most hostile deputies and generals were arrested at dawn. A year later, Louis Bonaparte proclaimed himself Emperor Napoleon III.
1852 Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes Emperor of the French as Napoleon III.
John Brown on the way to be executed – two and one-half blocks from the jail to his scaffold.
1859 Militant abolitionist leader John Brown is hanged for his October 16 raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
1867 At Tremont Temple in Boston, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States (New York NY). Much of his time was taken up with public readings from his best-loved novels. Dickens was fascinated by the theatre as an escape from the world, and theatres and theatrical people appear in Nicholas Nickleby. The travelling shows were extremely popular, and on December 2, 1867, Dickens gave his first public reading in the United States at a New York City theatre. The effort and passion he put into these readings with individual character voices is also thought to have contributed to his death.
Gregorio del Pilar and his troops, around 1898
1899 Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
1901 King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades. One morning in 1895, Gillette had a revelation: if he could put a sharp edge on a small square of sheet steel, he could market a safety razor blade that could be thrown away when it grew dull, and readily replaced. Gillette visited metallurgists at MIT, who assured him his idea was impossible. It took Gillette six years to find an engineer, William Emery Nickerson (an MIT-trained inventor), who could produce the blade Gillette wanted. In 1901, Gillette and Nickerson formed the American Safety Razor Company (soon thereafter renamed for Gillette himself). For the first time, razor blades would be sold in multiple packages, with the razor handle a one-time purchase.
Aisin Gioro Puyi
1908 Pu-yi becomes Emperor of China at the age of two. In November of 1908, Tzu Hsi became seriously ill and to keep Kuang-hsu from regaining power if she died, caused his "untimely" demise; this enabled her to name Pu-Yi the new emperor. She was to be Grand Dowager Empress and rule until he came of age but she died within a few days. Thus on December 2, 1908 Pu-Yi became Emperor of a country that needed good governance. Prince Chin and his advisors were unable to provide this. This lead to a rebellion on October 10, 1911 and China becoming a republic.
1916 Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract
The first two pages of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk,
in (from left to right) German, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Ottoman Turkish and Russian.
1917 World War I: Russia and the Central Powers sign an armistice at Brest-Litovsk, and peace talks leading to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk begin.
1926 The first aluminum streetcars were put in service in Cleveland, Ohio
1927 Following 19 years of Ford Model T production, the Ford Motor Company unveils the Ford Model A as its new automobile. First Model A Fords sold, for $385. Model A No. 1 rolled off the production line on Oct. 20th, 1927 but the public didn't see the car until Dec. 2nd, 1927. Unlike the Model T, the new ford came in seven body styles and an amazing four colors! As for price. The new Model A Tudor Sedan sold for $495.00 with the Fordor bringing $570.00 F.O.B. Detroit. For $385.00 you could get a Roadster and $395.00 would get you a beautiful Phaeton. At $495.00, the new Ford Coupe was nice but for $550.00 the Sport Coupe with a standard Rumble Seat was a hot seller.
First cranium of Homo erectus pekinensis (Sinanthropus pekinensis) discovered in 1929 in Zhoukoudian, today missing (replica)
1929 First skull of Peking man found, 50 km out of Peking at Tsjoe Koe Tien. First excavated in 1927, in a cave on Dragon Bone Hill at Zhoukoudian, southwest of Beijing. In 1929, skull fossils of Peking Man were discovered here, providing concrete evidence for the existence of primitive man in the Beijing area and marking a milestone in the history of paleo-anthropology. So far, a total of 6 skulls, 15 pieces of lower jawbones, 157 teeth and numerous other bone segments from the bodies of about 40 humans have been excavated, providing concrete data for the study of the evolution of pre-historic biology and the development of pre-historic culture.
1930 Great Depression: In a State of the Union message, U.S. President Herbert Hoover proposes a US $150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
03 Charlie Chan In London 1934 Very Good
1932 "Adventures of Charlie Chan" first heard on NBC-Blue radio network. Charlie Chan was heard on the NBC Blue network on Dec. 2, 1932 each Friday night. It was sponsored by Esso and starred Walter Connolly as Chan. The show lasted less than a year, ending on May 20, 1933. About this time, Sidney Toler starred as Chan in a series of "B" movies. Chan showed up again in October 1937 as a 15-minute serialized program on Mutual. It ended in April 1938. Chan reappeared once more on ABC, June 6, 1944, ending on August 11, 1947. The lead character was an oriental detective sleuth who, with his more modern "Number One Son", solved difficult cases, and who often taught his son lessons during the process by quoting pseudo-oriental aphorisms in the manner of Confucius...
1933 First transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson. The first transatlantic wedding took place on December 2, 1933. The groom was in Michigan. The bride, in Sweden. The ceremony took seven minutes and cost $47.50. Cheap wedding!
1933 Fred Astaire's first film, "Dancing Lady" is released. Joan Crawford starred as Janie Barlow, an impoverished dancer reduced to working in a seedy Manhattan burlesque house. While on a slumming party with his society friend, wealthy young Tod Newton (Franchot Tone) spots Janie in the burlescue chorus line and immediately falls in love with her. Truly an embarrassment of riches, Dancing Lady introduced Fred Astaire to the movie-going public, solidified the popularity of MGM's new tenor Nelson Eddy, and offered a wide berth for the comedy antics of Ted Healy and his Three Stooges -- Moe Howard, Curly Howard and Larry Fine.
1939 New York City's La Guardia Airport opens.
1942 World War II: During the Manhattan Project, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction.
1943 World War II: A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbor of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including the American SS John Harvey, which is carrying a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
Attack against the commercial Jewish quarter of Jerusalem
1947 Jerusalem Riots of 1947: Riots break out in Jerusalem in response to the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine.
1954 Cold War: The United States Senate votes 65 to 22 to censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute".
Five years after the agreement is signed, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower greets crowds in Taipei while on parade with Republic of China leader Chiang Kai-shek.
1954 The Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty, between the United States and Taiwan, is signed in Washington, D.C..
Granma Memorial in Havana
1956 The Granma reaches the shores of Cuba's Oriente province. Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement disembark to initiate the Cuban Revolution.
Che Guevara (left) and Castro, photographed by Alberto Korda in 1961
1961 In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist-Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.
1962 Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.
Logo of the Environmental Protection Agency
1970 The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
1975 The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado
1976 Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.
Sister Ita Ford, M.M.
1980 Salvadoran Civil War: Four U.S. nuns and churchwomen, Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Jean Donovan, and Dorothy Kazel, are murdered by a military death squad.
The SynCardia temporary Total Artificial Heart
1982 At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
1988 Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.
1993 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín.
Space Shuttle Endeavour on launch pad 39A prior to mission STS-127, May 31, 2009
1993 Space Shuttle program: STS-61 - NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.
2001 Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
2015 San Bernardino attack: Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik kill 14 people and wound 22 at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California.
2016 Thirty-six people die in a fire at a converted Oakland, California, warehouse serving as an artist collective.
1694 William Shirley, English politician, Governor of Massachusetts Bay (1741-1749, 1753-1756) and the Bahamas (1760-1768) (d. 1771)
1738 Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general (d. 1775)
1754 William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York (d. 1809)
1760 John Breckinridge, American politician, 5th United States Attorney General (d. 1806)
1810 Henry Yesler, American politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (d. 1892)
1863 Charles Edward Ringling, American businessman, co-founded the Ringling Brothers Circus (d. 1926)
Harry T. Burleigh -- Go Down Moses
1866 Harry Burleigh, African-American singer and composer (d. 1949)
1885 George Richards Minot, American physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1950)
1891 Charles H. Wesley, American historian and author (d. 1987)
Leo Ornstein (1893-2002) : Piano Concerto (1921/23)
1893 Leo Ornstein, Russian-American pianist and composer (d. 2002)
1894 Warren William, American actor (d. 1948)
1899 Ray Morehart, American baseball player (d. 1989)
1906 Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American recording engineer (d. 1977)
1909 Joseph P. Lash, American political activist and author (d. 1987)
1910 Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper's Magazine. (d. 1991)
1914 Bill Erwin, American actor (d. 2010)
1914 Adolph Green, American lyricist and playwright who, with long-time collaborator Betty Comden, penned the screenplays and songs for some of the most beloved movie musicals, particularly as part of Arthur Freed's production unit at Metro Goldwyn Mayer, during the genre's heyday. (d. 2002)
Sylvia Syms - I Could Have Danced All Night (1956)
1917 Sylvia Syms, American singer (d. 1992)
Maria Callas "Ave Maria"
1923 Maria Callas, American-Greek soprano (d. 1977)
US: ALEXANDER HAIG INTERVIEW
1924 Alexander Haig, American general and diplomat, 59th United States Secretary of State (d. 2010)
1925 Julie Harris, American actress (d. 2013)
1929 Dan Jenkins, American sportswriter
1929 Leon Litwack, American historian and author
1930 Gary Becker, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
Wynton Kelly Trio – Autumn Leaves
1931 Wynton Kelly, Jamaican-American pianist (d. 1971)
1931 Edwin Meese, American lawyer and author, 75th United States Attorney General
1964 Olympic, 400 Meters, Tokyo, Japan
1933 Mike Larrabee, American sprinter (d. 2003)
1934 Tarcisio Bertone, Italian prelate and a Vatican diplomat. A cardinal of the Catholic Church, he served as Archbishop of Vercelli from 1991 to 1995, as Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, when Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (later Pope Benedict XVI) was Prefect, Archbishop of Genoa from 2002 to 2006, and as Cardinal Secretary of State from 2006 to 2013. Bertone was elevated to the cardinalate in 2003. On 10 May 2008, he was named Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati. and diplomat, Cardinal Secretary of State (2006-2013)
1934 Sissela Bok, Swedish-American philosopher and ethicist
1934 Andre Rodgers, Bahamian baseball player (d. 2004)
1935 David Hackett Fischer, American historian
1935 Harry Taylor, American baseball player (d. 2013)
1939 Harry Reid, American politician, Senate Majority Leader
1943 Wayne Allard, American politician, Senator from Colorado (1997-2009)
1944 Cathy Lee Crosby, American actress
1945 Penelope Spheeris, American director
1946 Pedro Borbón, Dominican baseball player (d. 2012)
1946 David Macaulay, English-American author and illustrator
1948 Elizabeth Berg, American author
1948 T. Coraghessan Boyle, American author
1949 Ron Raines, American actor
1950 Bob Kevoian, American radio host
1950 Paul Watson, Canadian activist, founder of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society
1950 Loren Dwight Leman American politician, born in Pomona, California, and grew up in Ninilchik, Alaska, in a Russian-speaking family of Alutiiq and Russian ancestry. He served as the eighth Lieutenant Governor of Alaska. Before that, he served in both houses of the state legislature, and was elected as the Senate Majority Leader by the end of his term. He served in office in electoral politics from 1989 to 2006. When Leman was elected as lieutenant governor in 2002, he was the first person of Alaska Native ancestry to be elected to statewide office in Alaska. He also has Russian ancestry.
1951 Adrian Devine, American baseball player
1952 Carol Shea-Porter, American politician
1952 Rob Mounsey, American keyboard player, composer, and producer (Joe Cool)
1954 Dan Butler, American actor
1954 Stone Phillips, American journalist
1956 Steven Bauer, American actor
1958 George Saunders, American writer
1963 Dan Gauthier, American actor
1963 Ann Patchett, American author
1968 Darryl Kile, American baseball player (d. 2002)
1968 Lucy Liu, American actress and producer
1968 Nate Mendel, American bass player (Foo Fighters, Sunny Day Real Estate, The Fire Theft, and Juno)
1968 Rena Sofer, American actress
1970 Treach, American rapper and actor (Naughty by Nature)
1970 Joe Lo Truglio, American actor
1971 Wilson Jermaine Heredia, American actor
1973 Monica Seles, Yugoslavian-American tennis player
1976 Eddy Garabito, Dominican baseball player
1978 Jarron Collins, American basketball player
1978 Jason Collins, American basketball player
1979 Melissa Archer, American actress
1981 Britney Spears, American singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress
1982 Michelle Banzer, American model, Miss Kentucky USA 2007
1982 Mike Scala, American rapper, producer, and politician
1982 Matt Ware, American football player
1983 Jana Kramer, American actress and singer
1983 Aaron Rodgers, American football player
1983 Daniela Ruah, American actress
1985 Dorell Wright, American basketball player
Teairra Mari - I Deserve
1987 Teairra Marí, American singer-songwriter, dancer, model and actress
1515 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (b. 1453)
1547 Hernán Cortés, Spanish explorer (b. 1485)
1594 Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer (b. 1512)
1726 Samuel Penhallow, English-American historian (b. 1665)
1814 Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade, French politician, philosopher and author (b. 1740)
1849 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, German wife of William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)
1859 John Brown, American insurrectionist (b. 1800)
1881 Jenny von Westphalen, German writer, wife of Karl Marx (b. 1814)
1892 Jay Gould, American financier (b. 1836)
1936 John Ringling, American businessman, co-founded Ringling Brothers Circus (b. 1866)
Harrison Ford (silent film actor) - Career
1957 Harrison Ford, American actor. He was a leading Broadway theatre performer and a star of the silent film era. (b. 1884)
1963 Sabu Dastagir, Indian-American actor (b. 1924)
1963 Thomas Hicks, English-American runner (b. 1875)
1976 Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
1981 Wallace Harrison, American architect (b. 1895)
1985 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (b. 1914)
1986 Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor, singer, and producer (b. 1917)
1986 Lee Dorsey, American singer (b. 1924)
1986 John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (b. 1912)
Fanfare for the Common Man, New York Philharmonic, James Levine
1990 Aaron Copland, American composer and conductor (b. 1900)
1990 Robert Cummings, American actor (b. 1908)
1995 Roxie Roker, American actress (b. 1929)
1995 Mária Telkes, Hungarian-American scientist and inventor who worked on solar energy technologies. (b. 1900)
1997 Michael Hedges, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1953)
2000 Gail Fisher, American actress (b. 1935)
2002 Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)
2004 Mona Van Duyn, American poet (b. 1921)
2005 Kenneth Lee Boyd, American murderer (b. 1948)
2005 William P. Lawrence, American navy officer (b. 1930)
2005 Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (b. 1919)
2008 Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (b. 1930)
2008 Kathleen Baskin-Ball, American minister (b. 1958)
2009 Foge Fazio, American football player and coach (b. 1938)
2012 Israel Keyes, American murderer (b. 1978)
2013 William Allain, American soldier and politician, 58th Governor of Mississippi (b. 1928)
2013 Rex Garvin, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1940)
2013 Christopher Evan Welch, American actor (b. 1965)
2014 Bobby Keys, American saxophonist (b. 1943)
2014 Don Laws, American figure skater and coach (b. 1929)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Channing Moore Williams (Anglicanism)
December 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Prophet Habakkuk (Abbacum) (7th century BC)
Martyr Myrope of Chios, under Decius (251)
Martyr Abibus the New (Abibus of Edessa), Deacon, burned at the stake (c. 307-323)
Saints John, Heraclemon, Andrew and Theophilus, of Oxyrhynchus, hermits of Egypt (4th century)
Saint Moses the Confessor (Moses the Economos).
Venerable Jesse (Ise, Isidore), Bishop of Tsilkani in Georgia (6th century)
Saint Solomon, Archbishop of Ephesus
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Saint Evasius, First Bishop of Brescia in Italy.
Saint Lupus (Luperius), Bishop of Verona in Italy, Confessor.
Martyrs Eusebius, a priest; Marcellus, a deacon; Hippolytus, Maximus, Adria, Paulina, Neon, Mary, Martana, and Aurelia - under Valerian (c. 254-259)
Martyr Pontian, with four others, at Rome, under Valerian (c. 259)
Saint Bibiana (Vibiana, Vivian), a holy virgin martyred in Rome (c. 361-363)
Saint Chromatius, Bishop of Aquileia near Venice, friend of St John Chrysostom, Confessor (406)
Martyrs Severus, Securus, Januarius and Victorinus, martyrs in North Africa who suffered under the Vandals (c. 450)
Saint Silverius, Pope of Rome (537)
Saint Trumwine of Abercorn (Trumwin of Whitby), the only ever Bishop of the Northumbrian see of the Picts (late 7th century
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
Saint Cyril of Phileotes (in the vicinity of Derkos in Thrace) (1110)
Venerable Abbacum the Ascetic of Cyprus, Wonderworker (late 12th century)
Saint Athanasius “the Resurrected,” recluse of the Kiev Caves, whose relics are in the Near Caves (1176)
Saint Athanasius, recluse of the Kiev Caves, whose relics are in the Far Caves (1264)
Saint Stephen-Urosh V, King of Serbia (1371), and his mother St. Helena (1376), of Serbia.
Saint Joannicius of Devič, Serbia (1430)
Venerable Alexei (Kabaliuk) of Carpathia, Apostle of Carpatho-Russia (1947)
Venerable Elder Porphyrios (Bairaktaris) of Kafsokalivia, an Athonite hieromonk known for his gifts of spiritual discernment (1991)
New Martyrs and Confessors
New Hieromartyr John, priest (1919)
New Hieromartyr Matthew (Alexandrov), priest of Simferopol-Crimea (1921)
New Hieromartyr Demetrius, priest, and Venarable Vera, Confessor (1932)
New Hieromartyrs (1937): Constantine (Nekrasov) and Nicholas (Vinogradsky), Protopresbyters of Moscow;
Sergius (Felitsin), Vladimir (Preferansov), John (Derzhavin), Theodore, Nicholas, John, Nicholas, Priests;
Hieromartyrs Danact of Moscow and Alma Ata (Priest-monk), and Cosmas;
Woman Hieromartyrs (Nuns) - Theuromia (Febronia (Ishina))), Tamara, Antonina;
Lay woman - Mary (Dmitrievska);
Virgin-martyrs - Mary and Matrona .
Virgin-martyr Mary (1938)
Martyr Boris (1942)
Repose of Elder Luke “the Guestmaster” of Valaam (Schema-abbot Luke), (1965)
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery (International)