Post by Evon on Feb 21, 2015 22:53:58 GMT -5
February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 311 days remaining until the end of the year
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
155 Old Bishop Polycarp is martyred. Towards the end of the first century, or perhaps even at the beginning of the second century A.D., the apostle John died after years of ministry to the churches of Asia Minor, the region now occupied by modern Turkey. John was the last of the original apostles, but the truths of Christianity did not die with him. His spiritual children continued to stand firm in the faith in Christ as the Son of God that John had heard, seen, and even touched (as John tells us in 1 John 1:1-2).
One of John's spiritual sons, Polycarp, was born about 69 A.D. He lived in Smyrna and learned much by listening to John. Polycarp became a leader of the church at Smyrna, and in many ways his character reflected that of his teacher. He had the same noble Christian spirit, full of gentleness, yet inflexible in speaking out against error.
The Church at Smyrna, of which Polycarp was the bishop, was one of those addressed by Christ in the Revelation. Christ told them that persecution was about to come upon them and promised a crown of life to those who were faithful unto death. The promise was undoubtedly repeated by Polycarp to many in his flock to encourage them as the Romans hauled them off to face wild beasts or death by fire.
When the authorities searched for Polycarp, friends persuaded him to leave the city and hide in a farm-house. There he spent his time in prayer. A letter written by the Church of Smyrna told that: "while praying he fell into a trance three days before his capture; and he saw his pillow burning with fire. And he turned and said to those that were with him, 'it must be that I shall be burned alive'
"When his pursuers were on his track he went to another farm-house. Finding him gone they put two slave boys to the torture, and one of them betrayed his place of concealment. Herod, head of the police, sent a body of men to arrest him on Friday evening. Escape was still possible, but the old man refused to flee, saying, "the will of God be done". He came down to meet his pursuers, conversed affably with them, and ordered food to be set before them. While they were eating he prayed, 'remembering all, high and low, who at any time had come in his way, and the Catholic Church throughout the world.' Then he was led away."
The proconsul (an important magistrate) ordered Polycarp to renounce Christ and give obedience to Caesar as Lord. Polycarp answered: "Eighty and six years have I served Christ, nor has He ever done me any harm. How, then, could I blaspheme my King who saved me? You threaten the fire that burns for an hour and then is quenched; but you know not of the fire of the judgment to come, and the fire of eternal punishment. Bring what you will."
Polycarp, the last one of those personally taught by the apostles, was burned at the stake on this day, February 23, 155. As the Lord required, Polycarp was faithful unto death; he did so in expectation that he would receive a crown of life from Christ.
Laureate bust of Diocletian
303 Roman Emperor Diocletian (ca. 245–ca. 312) began his great persecution, issuing edicts that called for church buildings to be destroyed, sacred writings burned, Christians to lose legal rights and clergy to be imprisoned and forced to sacrifice to the emperor. The following year he went even further, ordering all people to sacrifice to the emperor on pain of death.
532 Byzantine Emperor Justinian I orders the building of a new Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople – the Hagia Sophia.
Gutenberg Bible of the New York Public Library. Bought by James Lenox in 1847, it was the first copy to come to the United States
1455 Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type. In 1450 Gutenberg formed a partnership with the wealthy burgher, Johann Fust of Mainz, for the purpose of completing his contrivance and of printing the so-called "42-line Bible", a task which was finished in the years 1453-1455 at the Hof zum Humbrecht. Fust brought suit in 1455 to recover the 2000 gulden he had advanced and obtained judgment for a portion of the amount with interest. As a result of Gutenberg's insolvency, the machinery and type which he had made and pledged to Fust became the property of the latter. In addition to the types for the 42-line Bible, the mortgage covered the copious stock of type which had evidently been already prepared for the edition of the Psalter, which was printed by Fust and Schäffer in August, 1457.
Portrait of Steuben by Ralph Earl
1778 American Revolutionary War: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham MA In 1813, the first cotton mill in the world in which the whole process of cotton manufacturing from spinning to weaving was carried on by power was incorporated in Waltham, Mass., with a capital of $100,000 as the Boston Manufacturing Company, later known as the Waltham Company. Construction of the mill began later the same year in Waltham, located on the north bank of the Charles River, which it used for water power. By the following year, cloth manufactured in Waltham was for sale in Boston.
View of Boston from Dorchester Heights, 1841
1822 Boston is incorporated as a city. After the Revolution, Boston quickly became one of the world's wealthiest international trading ports due to its proximity as the closest American port to Europe. Major exports included rum, fish, salt, and tobacco. In 1822, Boston was chartered as a city. By the mid-1800s, the city's industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance.
The Alamo, as drawn in 1854
1836 Texas Revolution: The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas. General Santa Anna with the vanguard of his army arrived in San Antonio close to sundown. A blood-red banner was run up an San Fernando Cathedral, signifying no quarter. Colonel William 'Travis ordered the red banner answered with a cannon shot. The Mexican soldiers fired back and the siege of the Alamo began. It lasted 13 days.
1847 Mexican–American War: Battle of Buena Vista -- In Mexico, American troops under future president General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
1854 The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
1855 Christians do not often see their national governments bow to the demands of Christ, but they can point to a few significant Christian successes that changed the world for the better. One of the best known cases was the abolition of the slave trade brought about by William Wilberforce and his allies. But a Quaker-born Parliamentarian named John Bright also helped win important legislation for common people.
Allied with the radical statesman, Richard Cobden, he brought about repeal of the corn laws, which favored the rich at the expense of the poor. He also helped extend the right to vote to middle class artisans. He resisted all efforts to impose the Church of England on Irish Catholics. A speech of his prevented England from engaging in an ill-considered war with the United States over the Trent Affair, when, during the Civil War, the Union stopped a British ship and arrested two Confederate negotiators. (The United States later released the two at England's demand.) Bright's admiration for America led him to be called "The Honorable Member from the United States."
His speeches were steeped in the Bible and Milton, his two favorite books. His creed of action came "pure and direct from the New Testament" he said.
On this day, February 23, 1855, John Bright, made the speech of his life. Opposing the Crimean War, he said: "The Angel of Death has been abroad throughout the land; you may almost hear the beating of his wings. There is no one, as when the first-born were slain of old, to sprinkle with blood the lintel and the two side-posts of our doors, that he may spare and pass on; he takes his victims from the castle of the noble, the mansion of the wealthy, and the cottage of the poor and lowly."
Bright's speech was alluding to the Bible story found in Exodus, where God sent his angel to kill the firstborn children of Egypt, but spared any Israelite who painted his door posts with blood. Afterwards, Benjamin Disraeli told him, "I would give all that I ever had to have delivered that speech."
The speech did not prevent the war, however. As Bright had foreseen, the campaign wasted many lives. More were lost through incompetent preparations than on the battlefield. Shocked by the disaster, and frustrated at being unable to avert it, Bright experienced a nervous breakdown. He lost his seat in Parliament, too. The public was for the war. But he had made a strong case for non-intervention and was soon seated from another district.
The first photographic image of the new president
1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
1861 By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US
1870 Reconstruction Era: Post-U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
1874 Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
1883 Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law.
The Gate of China, near Dong Dang
1885 Sino-French War: French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam.
Charles Martin Hall
1886 Charles Martin Hall produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister Julia Brainerd Hall. Aluminium became the first metal to attain widespread use since the prehistoric discovery of iron.
1887 The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
A patriotic advertisement for Tootsie Rolls during World War I
1896 The Tootsie Roll is invented.
The first page of the letter
1898 Émile Zola is imprisoned in France after writing "J'accuse", a letter accusing the French government of antisemitism and wrongfully imprisoning Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
1900 Second Boer War: Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart's Hill.
1903 Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
1904 Pope Pius X (1835–1914) issued the Apostolic Letter Scripturae Sacrae, which empowered the Pontifical Biblical Commission to confer college degrees in scriptural studies within the Roman Catholic Church.
1905 Chicago, Illinois attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club.
1909 The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 began in Petrograd when the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace
1917 First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
1918 Last monarch of Mecklenburg-Strelitz commits suicide.
1927 U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill by Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United States.
1927 German theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.
1934 Leopold III becomes King of Belgium.
1941 Plutonium is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
1942 World War II: Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara.
The site of the orphanage today
1943 A fire breaks out at St. Joseph's Orphanage, County Cavan, Ireland, killing 36 people (35 of whom are children).
1943 Greek Resistance: The United Panhellenic Organization of Youth is founded is Greece.
1944 The Soviet Union begins the forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
U.S. postage stamp, 1945 issue, commemorating the Battle of Iwo Jima
1945 World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag.
1945 World War II: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp.
1945 World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.
1945 World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań. The city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.
1945 World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is annihilated in a raid by 379 British bombers.
1947 The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is founded.
1954 The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh.
1955 First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
1958 Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world F1 champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
1961 The National Council of Churches endorsed artificial contraception as an aid to family planning.
1966 In Syria, Ba'ath Party member Salah Jadid leads an intra-party military coup that replaces the previous government of General Amin Hafiz, also a Baathist.
SLA seven-headed cobra symbol
1974 The Symbionese Liberation Army demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.
1980 Iran hostage crisis: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
1983 The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
Remnant of SN 1987A seen in light overlays of different spectra. ALMA data (radio, in red) shows newly formed dust in the center of the remnant. Hubble (visible, in green) and Chandra (X-ray, in blue) data show the expanding shock wave
1987 Supernova 1987a is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
1991 Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the ground phase of the war.
1998 In the United States, tornadoes in central Florida destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.
1999 Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
1999 An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
2005 The controversial French law on colonialism is passed, requiring teachers to teach the "positive values of colonialism". After public outcry, it is repealed at the beginning of 2006.
2007 A train derails on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.
2008 A U.S. Air Force B-2 Spirit bomber crashes on Guam. It is the first operational loss of a B-2.
2010 Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million liters of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, sparking an environmental disaster.
2012 A series of attacks across Iraq leave at least 83 killed and more than 250 injured. The umbrella group Islamic State of Iraq claimed responsibility for the bombings two days later and promised further bloodshed as it targets Shiites across Iraq.
2014 The closing ceremony of the Winter Olympics take place in Sochi, Russia.
1417 Pope Paul II (d. 1471)
1633 Samuel Pepys London England, navy expert/composer (Diary, Memoirs)
1648 Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
1729 Josiah Hornblower, English-American engineer and politician (d. 1809)
1787 Emma Hart Willard (d April 15, 1870) American women's rights activist who dedicated her life to education. She worked in several schools and founded the first school for women’s higher education, the Troy Female Seminary in Troy, New York. With the success of her school, Willard was able to travel across the country and abroad, to promote education for women. The Troy Female Seminary was named again the Emma Willard School in 1895 in her honor.
1809 William Sprague, American minister and politician (d. 1868)
1811 George Washington Hewitt composer (d 1893)
1818 Major General Jeremy F Gilmer General/Chief Engineer Confederate War Department
1824 Lewis Cass Hunt Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1849 Hans Gerhard Stub, professor and president of Luther Theological Seminary (Saint Paul, Minnesota) and president of the Norwegian Synod, near Muskego, Wisconsin (d. 1 August 1931).
1850 César Ritz, Swiss businessman, founded The Ritz London Hotel and Hôtel Ritz Paris. His nickname was "king of hoteliers, and hotelier to kings," and it is from his name and that of his hotels that the term ritzy derives. (d. 1918)
1865 Barney Dreyfuss baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1868 W. E. B. Du Bois, American sociologist, historian, and activist (d. 1963)
1877 Frederic L. Paxson, American historian (d. 1948)
1877 Karl Gustav Henry Kretzmann, curator of Concordia Historical Institute and secretary of the Atlantic District, in Dudleytown, near Seymour, Indiana (d. 3 April 1949, Saint Louis).
1889 János Garay, Jewish Hungarian 1928 Summer Olympics gold medalist in fencing, murdered at Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp (d. 1945)
1889 Victor Fleming, American director, cinematographer, and producer (d. 1949)
1889 John Gilbert Winant, American politician, 60th Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1947)
1899 Norman Taurog, American director and screenwriter (d. 1981)
1904 William L. Shirer, American journalist and historian (d. 1993)
1915 Jon Hall, American actor (d. 1979)
1915 Paul Tibbets, American general and pilot (d. 2007)
1918 Richard Girnt Butler, American engineer, founded the Aryan Nations (d. 2004)
1923 Mary Francis Shura, American author (d. 1991)
1924 Allan McLeod Cormack, South-African-American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
1926 William R. Roy, American physician, journalist, and politician (d. 2014)
1929 Elston Howard, American baseball player and coach (d. 1980)
1931 Tom Wesselmann, American painter and sculptor (d. 2004)
1932 Majel Barrett, American actress and producer (d. 2008)
1933 Donna J. Stone, American poet (d. 1994)
1934 Linda Cristal, Argentine-American actress
1935 Gerrianne Raphael, American actress
1937 Tom Osborne, American football player, coach, and politician
1938 Paul Morrissey, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1938 Diane Varsi, American actress (d. 1992)
1940 Peter Fonda, American actor
1940 Jackie Smith, American football player
1941 Ron Hunt, American baseball player
1943 Fred Biletnikoff, American football player and coach
1944 John Sandford, American author
1944 Johnny Winter, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2014)
1946 Rusty Young, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Poco)
1947 John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
1948 Doug Moench, American author
1951 Patricia Richardson, American actress
1952 Brad Whitford, American guitarist (Aerosmith and The Joe Perry Project)
1953 Walter Wick, American photographer and author
1955 Tom Bodett, American voice actor, radio host, and author
1955 Flip Saunders, American basketball player and coach
1955 Francesca Simon, American author
1959 Clayton Anderson, American engineer and astronaut
1962 Michael Wilton, American guitarist (Queensrÿche and Soulbender)
1963 Bobby Bonilla, American baseball player
1964 David E. Clemmer, American chemist
1965 Michael Dell, American businessman, founded Dell
1966 Mark Abrahamian, American guitarist (Starship) (d. 2012)
1967 Chris Vrenna, American drummer, songwriter, and producer (Nine Inch Nails, Tweaker, Die Warzau, and Exotic Birds)
1969 Daymond John, American fashion designer, founded FUBU
1970 Niecy Nash, American actress
1971 Joe-Max Moore, American soccer player
1972 Steve Holy, American singer
1972 Rondell White, American baseball player
1973 Jason Boyd, American baseball player
1973 Jeff Nordgaard, American-Polish basketball player
1974 Leko, American DJ and producer
1975 Michael Cornacchia, American actor
1975 Robert Lopez, American composer
1976 Scott Elarton, American baseball player
1979 S. E. Cupp, American conservative political commentator and writer. She was a panelist on the CNN political debate show Crossfire, co-author of Why You're Wrong About the Right, with Brett Joshpe, and the sole author of Losing Our Religion The Liberal Media's Attack on Christianity:. She is also on the panel for Real News From The Blaze featured on TheBlaze, was formerly a co-host of the afternoon MSNBC talk show The Cycle, and before that, a regular guest host on Red Eye w/Greg Gutfeld.
1980 Erika Ervin, American transgender actress
1981 Josh Gad, American actor
1981 Charles Tillman, American football player
1982 Adam Hann-Byrd, American actor
1982 Nick Dupree, disability rights activist
1983 Aziz Ansari, American comedian and actor
1983 Courtney Culkin, American model
1986 Skylar Grey, American singer-songwriter
1986 Jerod Mayo, American football player
1989 Evan Bates, American ice dancer
1994 Dakota Fanning, American actress
715 Al-Walid I, Muslim caliph (b. 668)
1011 Willigis, German archbishop (b. 940)
1447 Pope Eugene IV (b. 1383)
1781 George Taylor, Irish-American politician (b. 1716)
1848 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, died (b. 11 July 1767, Braintree, Massachusetts). He wrote Version of the Psalms and a number of hymns, some of which appeared in the 1841 Christian Psalmist.
1891 Leopold Moczygemba, a Polish-born Catholic priest chiefly recognized as the founder of the first permanent Polish settlement in the United States at Panna Maria, Texas, (b. 18 October 1824).
1906 Johann Hoch The Bluebeard Murderer, US, executed
1915 Robert Smalls Reconstruction congressman, 75 in South Carolina, an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, gained freedom and became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it from Confederate-controlled waters to the U.S. blockade. His example and persuasion helped convince President Lincoln to accept African-American soldiers into the U.S. Army and the U.S. Navy
1925 Samuel Berger, American boxer (b. 1884)
1944 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist (b. 1863)
1944 Oszkár Gerde, two-time Olympic gold medalist in fencing in 1908 and 1912, murdered at Mauthausen-Gusen Concentration Camp (b. 1883)
1946 Tomoyuki Yamashita, Imperial Japanese Army general during World War II. He was most famous for conquering the British possessions of Malaya and Singapore. From 29 October to 7 December 1945, an American military tribunal in Manila tried General Yamashita for war crimes relating to the Manila massacre and many atrocities in the Philippines and Singapore against civilians and prisoners of war, such as the Sook Ching massacre, and sentenced him to death. This controversial case has become a precedent regarding the command responsibility for war crimes and is known as the Yamashita Standard. (b. 1885)
1948 John Robert Gregg, Irish-American publisher (b. 1866)
1961 Davey Crockett, American baseball player (b. 1875)
1968 John William Behnken, president of the LCMS from 1935 to 1962, in Saint Louis, Missouri (b. 19 March 1884, Cypress, Texas).
1970 Hirsch Jacobs, American horse trainer (b. 1904)
1973 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1895)
1974 Harry Ruby, American composer and screenwriter (b. 1895)
1984 Jessamyn West, American author (b. 1902)
1995 Melvin Franklin, American singer (The Temptations) (b. 1942)
1995 James Herriot, English veterinarian and author (b. 1916)
1996 William Bonin, American serial killer and sex offender (b. 1947)
1997 Tony Williams, American drummer, composer, and producer (The Tony Williams Lifetime) (b. 1945)
1999 Carlos Hathcock, American sniper (b. 1942)
1999 Rick Wilson, American wrestler (b. 1965)
2003 Howie Epstein, American bass player, songwriter, and producer (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) (b. 1955)
2003 Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)
2004 Carl Anderson, American singer and actor (b. 1945)
2004 Don Cornell, American singer (b. 1919)
2007 Donnie Brooks, American singer (b. 1936)
2008 Douglas Fraser, Scottish-American union leader (b. 1916)
2012 William Gay, American author (b. 1941)
2012 William Raggio, American lawyer and politician (b. 1926)
2012 David Sayre, American physicist and mathematician (b. 1924)
2012 Bruce Surtees, American cinematographer (b. 1937)
2013 Benedict Ashley, American theologian and philosopher who had a major influence on 20th century Catholic theology and ethics in America through his writing, teaching, and consulting with the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Author of 19 books, Ashley was a major exponent of the "River Forest School" of Thomism. Health Care Ethics, which he co-authored in 1975 and now in its fifth edition, continues to be a fundamental text in the field of Catholic Medical Ethics. (b. 1915)
2013 Eugene Bookhammer, American soldier and politician, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware (b. 1918)
2013 Mary Ann McMorrow, American judge (b. 1930)
2013 Sonny Russo, American trombonist (b. 1929)
2014 Penny DeHaven, American singer and actress (b. 1948)
2014 Roger Hilsman, American soldier, academic, and politician (b. 1919)
2014 Samuel Sheinbein, American-Israeli murderer (b. 1980)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Polycarp of Smyrna
Serenus the Gardener
February 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Hieromartyr Polycarp of Smyrna, Bishop of Smyrna (167)
Holy 73 Martyrs of Sirmium, under Diocletian (303)
Martyr Clement, by the sword.
Martyr Thea, by the sword.
Venerable Gorgonia the Righteous (370), sister of St. Gregory the Theologian.
Saint Alexander, founder of the Monastery of the Unsleeping Ones, Constantinople (430)
Saints John, Antioch, Antoninus, Moses, Zebinas, Polychronius, Moses (another), and Damian, ascetics near Cyrrhus in the Syrian desert (5th century)
Saint John Theristes ("the Harvester") of Stylos in Calabria (9th or 11th century) (see also: February 24)
Pre-Schism Western saints
Saint Martha, a virgin-martyr beheaded in Astorga in Spain under Decius (251)
Saint Polycarp, a priest in Rome noted for ministering to those in prison for their faith (c. 300)
Saint Romana, a virgin born in Rome who reposed at the age of eighteen while living as an anchoress in a cave on the banks of the Tiber in Italy (324)
Saints Syncrotas, Antigonus, Rutilus, Libius, Senerotas and Rogatianus, martyrs at Sirmium in Pannonia (4th century)
Saint Florentius of Seville, Confessor, a saint much venerated in Seville in Spain (c. 485)
Saint Felix of Brescia, twentieth Bishop of Brescia (c. 650)
Saint Jurmin, an East Anglian prince, son or nephew of King Anna of East Anglia (653)
Saint Boswell (Boisil), Abbot of Melrose Abbey in Scotland (c. 661) (see also: February 24)
Saint Mildburga (Milburgh), Abbess of Wenlock Priory (715)
Saint Medrald (Mérald, Méraut), a monk at Saint-Evroult (Ebrulfus) of Ouche in France, who later became Abbot of Vendôme (c. 850)
Saint Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz (1011)
Post-Schism Orthodox saints
Venerable Damian of Esphigmenou Monastery, on Mount Athos (1280)
Saint Cosmas of Zograf Monastery, Mount Athos (1281)
Saint Moses of White Lake Monastery, monk (1480)
New Monk-martyr Damian of Philotheou and Kissavos, at Larissa (1586)
New Hieromartyr Lazarus of the Peloponnese (c. 1618)
Venerable Polycarp of Bryansk, monk of Bryansk (1620-1621)
Saint Nazarius, Abbot of Valaam Monastery (1809)
Saint Seraphim (Zenobius), Schema-Metropolitan of Tetritskaro, Georgia, monk of Glinsk Monastery (1985)
New martyrs and confessors
New Hieromartyr Michael Edlinsky, Archpriest, of Kiev (1937) (see also: November 17)
New Hieromartyr Alexis Nikolsky, Priest (1938)
New Hieromartyr Nicholas Dimitrov, Priest (1938)
New Hieromartyr Michael Razhkin, Priest (1938)
Martyr Sergius Borodavkin (1938)
New Hieromartyr Sergius (Bukashkin), Hieromonk, of Novo-Alexandrovka, Moscow (1938)
New Hieromartyr Antipas (Kyrillov), hieromonk, of Tatarintsevo, Moscow (1938)
New Hieromartyr Philaret (Pryakhin), Abbot, of Trubino, Tver (1942)
Repose of Archimandrite Agapit (Belovidov) of Optina Monastery (1922)
Uncovering of the relics of Blessed Matrona of Moscow (1998)