February 17 Feb 16, 2015 23:29:37 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Feb 16, 2015 23:29:37 GMT -5
February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 317 days remaining until the end of the year
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
Teutonic Order: Shield insignia in the style of the 14th century
1370 Northern Crusades: Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Teutonic Knights meet in the Battle of Rudau.
1411 Following the successful campaigns during the Ottoman Interregnum, Musa Çelebi, one of the sons of Bayezid I, becomes Sultan with the support of Mircea I of Wallachia.
1500 Duke Friedrich and Duke Johann attempt to subdue the peasantry of Dithmarschen, Denmark, in the Battle of Hemmingstedt.
1600 The Italian Dominican friar, mathematician, poet, philosopher, and astrologer, Giordano Bruno. He is celebrated for his cosmological theories, which went even further than the then-novel Copernican model, proposing that the stars were just distant suns surrounded by their own exoplanets, and moreover the possibility that these planets could even foster life of their own (a philosophical position known as cosmic pluralism). He also insisted that the Universe is in fact infinite, thus having no celestial body at its "center". Giordano Bruno is burned alive, for heresy, at Campo de' Fiori in Rome.
1621 Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of the English Plymouth Colony in North America.
1741 English revivalist George Whitefield advised in a letter: 'Be content with no degree of sanctification. Be always crying out, "Lord, let me know more of myself and of thee."'
1753 In Sweden February 17 is followed by March 1 as the country moves from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar.
Aaron Burr, 3rd Vice President of the United States
1801 An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
1815 In deciding the legal case "Terrett v. Taylor," the U.S. Supreme Court declared unconstitutional an act of the Virginia Legislature which denied property rights to Protestant Episcopal churches in the state. The Court ruled that religious corporations, like other corporations, have rights to their property.
1819 The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise for the first time.
Depiction of a Zulu attack on a Boer camp in February 1838. The Weenen Massacre was the massacre of Voortrekkers by the Zulu impis
1838 Weenen massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
1854 The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.
1863 A group of citizens of Geneva founded an International Committee for Relief to the Wounded, which later became known as the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Drawing of H. L. Hunley. Based on a photograph taken in 1863 by George S. Cook
1864 American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.
Ruins, as seen from the State House, 1865
1865 American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina, is burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.
The Siege of Paris by Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier. Oil on canvas.[/center]
1871 The victorious Prussian Army parades through Paris, France after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
1889 Billy Sunday, 27, baseball player-turned-preacher, made his first appearance as an evangelist in Chicago. A strong fundamentalist, Sunday preached temperance and opposed scientific evolution. Over 100 million are estimated to have heard Sunday preach before his death in 1935.
1904 Madama Butterfly receives its première at La Scala in Milan.
Armory show button, 1913, from the Archives of American Art
1913 The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.
1933 The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
Cover of the first issue of News-Week magazine
1933 Newsweek magazine is first published.
Landing craft heading for Eniwetok Island
on 19 February 1944
1944 World War II: The Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22.
A Japanese freighter in Truk Atoll is hit by a torpedo dropped from a TBF Avenger from USS Enterprise during Operation Hailstone, February 17, 1944.
1944 World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk Lagoon, Japan's main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion.
1949 Chaim Weizmann begins his term as the first President of Israel.
1958 Pope Pius XII (1876–1958) declares Saint Clare of Assisi (1193–1253) the patron saint of television.
1959 Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 -- The first weather satellite is launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.
1964 In Wesberry v. Sanders the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
1964 Gabonese president Leon M'ba is toppled by a coup and his rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place.
1965 Project Ranger: The Ranger 8 probe launches on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions. Mare Tranquillitatis or the "Sea of Tranquility" would become the site chosen for the Apollo 11 lunar landing.
1968 In Springfield, Massachusetts, the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens.
1969 Russian-born, Milwaukee-raised Golda Meir (nee Mabovitch [Myerson]), 70, was sworn in as Israel's first female prime minister. (She would hold the office for five embattled years.)
1972 Cumulative sales of the Volkswagen Beetle exceed those of the Ford Model-T.
A United States Army Bell UH-1 Iroquois ("Huey") helicopter of the type used in the incident.
1974 Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House in a stolen helicopter.
1978 The Troubles: The Provisional IRA detonates an incendiary bomb at the La Mon restaurant, near Belfast, killing 12 and seriously injuring 30.
Krzysztof Wielicki in Silesian Library in Katowice
1980 Mount Everest, 1st Winter Ascent by Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy.
1992 Nagorno-Karabakh War: Armenian troops massacre more than 20 Azerbaijani civilians in the village of Qaradağlı.
1996 In Philadelphia, world champion Garry Kasparov beats the Deep Blue supercomputer in a chess match.
Six different views of Eros in approximate natural color from NEAR-Shoemaker in February 2000
Artist's impression of NEAR in orbit around Eros.
1996 NASA's Discovery Program begins as the NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lifts off on the first mission ever to orbit and land on an asteroid, 433 Eros.
2003 The London congestion charge is introduced.
View of the Southern Leyte rockslide-debris avalanche body from the landslide crown. Distance to the toe is approximately 4 km.
2006 A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll is set at 1,126.
2008 Kosovo declares independence as the Republic of Kosovo.
Army checkpoints still surround the area where Pearl Roundabout was located
2011 Libyan protests begin. In Bahrain, security forces launched a deadly pre-dawn raid on protesters in Pearl Roundabout in Manama, the day is locally known as Bloody Thursday.
624 Wu Zetian, Chinese empress (d. 705)
1524 Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine (d. 1574)
1581 Fausto Poli, Italian cardinal (d. 1653)
1718 Matthew Tilghman, English-American politician (d. 1790)
1816 Haller Nutt, American planter, he developed a strain of cotton that became important commercially for the Deep South. (d. 1864)
1816 Edward Hopper, American Presbyterian clergyman. He is remembered today as author of the hymn, "Jesus, Savior, Pilot Me."
1844 Aaron Montgomery Ward, American businessman, founded Montgomery Ward (d. 1913)
1854 Friedrich Alfred Krupp, German businessman, founded Krupp (d. 1902)
1874 Thomas J. Watson, American businessman (d. 1956)
1885 Steve Evans, American baseball player, right fielder (d. 1943)
1893 Wally Pipp, American baseball player. A first baseman, Pipp played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, New York Yankees, and Cincinnati Reds between 1913 and 1928. (d. 1965)
1900 Ruth Clifford, American actress of leading roles in silent films, whose career lasted from silent days into the television era. (d. 1998)
1906 Mary Brian, American actress and movie star who made the transition from silent films to sound films.[ (d. 2002)
1908 Red Barber, American sports commentator. Barber, nicknamed "The Ol' Redhead", was primarily identified with radio broadcasts of Major League Baseball, calling play-by-play across four decades with the Cincinnati Reds (1934–1938), Brooklyn Dodgers (1939–1953), and New York Yankees (1954–1966). Like his fellow sports pioneer Mel Allen, Barber also gained a niche calling college and professional football in his primary market of New York City. (d. 1992)
1910 Arthur Hunnicutt, American actor known for his portrayal of wise, grizzled, old rural characters.. (d. 1979)
1911 Oskar Seidlin, German-American author, poet, and scholar, taught German language and literature as a professor at Smith College, Middlebury College, Ohio State University, and Indiana University from 1939 to 1979. He authored a number of fictional and non-fictional works. (d. 1984)
Drifting And Dreaming ~ Orrin Tucker & His Orchestra (1939)
1911 Orrin Tucker, American saxophonist and bandleader whose theme song was "Drifting and Dreaming". His biggest hit was "Oh Johnny, Oh Johnny, Oh!" (1939), sung by vocalist "Wee" Bonnie Baker. He founded his first band while a college student at North Central College near Chicago, Illinois. (d. 2011)
1912 Andre Norton, (born Alice Mary Norton) American author of science fiction and fantasy with some works of historical fiction and contemporary fiction. She wrote primarily under the pen name Andre Norton, but also under Andrew North and Allen Weston. She was the first woman to be Gandalf Grand Master of Fantasy, first to be SFWA Grand Master, and first inducted by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame. (d. 2005)
1912 Virginia Sorensen, American author, author of the 1957 John Newbery Medal winning Miracles on Maple Hill, based in the Erie, Pennsylvania region where she lived at the time (d. 1991)
1913 Russel B. Nye, American author, professor of English who in the 1960s pioneered Popular Culture Theory. He is the author of a dozen books. His book George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel won the 1945 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography. (d. 1993)
1914 Arthur Kennedy, American stage and film actor known for his versatility in supporting film roles and his ability to create "an exceptional honesty and naturalness on stage", especially in the original casts of Arthur Miller plays on Broadway (d. 1990)
1914 Wayne Morris, American actor (d. 1959)
1918 William Bronk, American poet (d. 1999)
1919 Kathleen Freeman, American actress (d. 2001)
1920 Curt Swan, American illustrator (d. 1996)
1921 Duane Gish, American biochemist (d. 2013)
1922 Enrico Banducci, American businessman (d. 2007)
1922 Tommy Edwards, American singer-songwriter (d. 1969)
1922 Valentino Mazzia, American physician (d. 1999)
1923 Alden W. Clausen, American banker (d. 2013)
1923 Buddy DeFranco, American clarinet player (d. 2014)
1924 Margaret Truman, American author (d. 2008)
1925 Hal Holbrook, American actor and director
1929 Chaim Potok, American author (d. 2002)
1930 Roger Craig, American baseball player, coach, and manager
1933 Bobby Lewis, American singer
1933 Larry Jennings, American magician and author (d. 1997)
1933 Craig L. Thomas, American politician (d. 2007)
1935 Christina Pickles, English-American actress
1936 Jim Brown, American football player and actor
1937 Mary Ann Mobley, American model and actress, Miss America 1959 (d. 2014)
1938 Martha Henry, American-Canadian actress
1938 Buck Trent, American banjo player
1940 Gene Pitney, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
1942 Huey P. Newton, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party (d. 1989)
1943 Claire Malis, American actress (d. 2012)
1945 Zina Bethune, American actress, dancer, and choreographer (d. 2012)
1946 Dodie Stevens, American singer
1948 Rick Majerus, American basketball player and coach (d. 2012)
1948 Don Scardino, American actor and director
1950 Rickey Medlocke, American guitarist (Blackfoot and Lynyrd Skynyrd)
1954 Rene Russo, American actress
1956 Richard Karn, American actor
1957 Douglas Urbanski, American actor and talk show host
1958 Alan Wiggins, American baseball player (d. 1991)
1959 Aryeh Deri, Moroccan-Israeli rabbi and politician
1959 Rowdy Gaines, American swimmer
1959 Neil Lomax, American football player
1961 Chris Champion, American wrestler
1962 Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor and director
1963 Larry the Cable Guy, American comedian and actor
1963 Jen-Hsun Huang, Taiwanese-American businessman, co-founded Nvidia
1963 Michael Jordan, American basketball player and actor
1963 Rene Syler, American journalist
1964 Buster Olney, American journalist
1965 Michael Bay, American director and producer
1965 Samuel Bayer, American director and cinematographer
1966 Michael Lepond, American bass player (Symphony X and Seven Witches)
1967 Chanté Moore, American singer-songwriter
1968 Bryan Cox, American football player
1969 Tuesday Knight, American actress and singer
1970 Tommy Moe, American skier
1971 Denise Richards, American model and actress
1972 Billie Joe Armstrong, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, actor, and producer (Green Day, Pinhead Gunpowder, The Network, and Foxboro Hot Tubs)
1972 Taylor Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and drummer (Foo Fighters and Taylor Hawkins and the Coattail Riders)
1972 Ralphie May, American comedian and actor
1973 Drew Barry, American basketball player
1974 Jerry O'Connell, American actor
1974 Bryan White, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1976 Kelly Carlson, American actress
1976 Scott Williamson, American baseball player
1977 Erin Cardillo, American actress
1978 Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim
1979 Josh Willingham, American baseball player
1980 Al Harrington, American basketball player
1980 Jason Ritter, American actor
1981 Joseph Gordon-Levitt, American actor, director, and producer
1981 Paris Hilton, American model, actress, and singer
1982 Brian Bruney, American baseball player
1983 Kevin Rudolf, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1984 Jimmy Jacobs, American wrestler
1984 Drew Miller, American ice hockey player
1986 Rod Michael, American singer (B3)
1986 Ricardo Rodriguez, American wrestler and ring announcer
1987 Danny Farquhar, American baseball player
1987 Tiquan Underwood, American football player
1989 Chord Overstreet, American actor and singer
1992 Meaghan Martin, American actress and singer
1994 Angie Miller, American singer-songwriter
1996 Sasha Pieterse American actress
440 Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, linguist, and theologian (b. 360)
661 Finan of Lindisfarne, Irish monk and bishop
1890 Christopher Latham Sholes, American publisher, politician, and inventor (b. 1819)
1905 William Bickerton, English-American religious leader, leader in the Latter Day Saint movement (b. 1815)
1909 Geronimo, American tribal leader (b. 1829)
1943 Armand J. Piron, American violinist and composer (b. 1888)
1946 Dorothy Gibson, American actress and singer (b. 1889)
1950 William Dickey, American diver (b. 1883)
1961 Nita Naldi, American actress (b. 1897)
1962 Joseph Kearns, American actor (b. 1907)
1962 Bruno Walter, German-American conductor (b. 1876)
1968 Marquard Schwarz, American swimmer (b. 1887)
1970 Alfred Newman, American composer and conductor (b. 1900)
1982 Nestor Chylak, American baseball player and umpire (b. 1922)
1982 Thelonious Monk, American pianist and composer (b. 1917)
1982 Lee Strasberg, Austrian-American actor and director (b. 1901)
1986 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian-American philosopher and author (b. 1895)
1989 Lefty Gomez, American baseball player (b. 1908)
1990 Erik Rhodes, American actor and singer (b. 1906)
1994 Randy Shilts, American author and journalist (b. 1951)
1997 Joe Kieyoomia, American soldier (b. 1919)
1998 Bob Merrill, American composer and songwriter (b. 1921)
1999 Sunshine Parker, American actor (b. 1927)
2001 Khalid Abdul Muhammad, American activist (b. 1948)
2003 Steve Bechler, American baseball player (b. 1979)
2006 Ray Barretto, American drummer (b. 1929)
2006 Bill Cowsill, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Cowsills) (b. 1948)
2007 Mike Awesome, American wrestler (b. 1965)
2009 Mike Whitmarsh, American volleyball player (b. 1962)
2010 Kathryn Grayson, American actress and singer (b. 1922)
2012 Clarence Dart, American captain and pilot (b. 1920)
2012 Michael Davis, American singer-songwriter and bass player (MC5) (b. 1943)
2012 Ulric Neisser, German-American psychologist and academic (b. 1928)
2012 Howie Nunn, American baseball player (b. 1935)
2013 Phil Henderson, American basketball player and coach (b. 1968)
2013 Sophie Kurys, American baseball player (b. 1925)
2013 Mindy McCready, American singer-songwriter (b. 1975)
2013 Mike Westhues, American-Finnish singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1949)
2014 Bob Casale, American guitarist, keyboard player, and producer (Devo) (b. 1952)
2014 Don Safran, American screenwriter, producer, and critic (b. 1930)
2015 John Barrow, American-Canadian football player and manager (b. 1935)
2015 John Hurt Fisher, American philologist and academic (b. 1919)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Seven Founders of the Servite Order Alexis Falconieri
Fintan of Clonenagh
Janani Luwum (Anglican Communion)
Lommán of Trim
February 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Saint Mariamne, Equal to the Apostles, sister of Apostle Philip (1st century)
Saint Auxibius of Soli, Bishop of Soli in Cyprus (102)
Martyrs Donatus, Romulus, Secundian, and 86 Companions, at Concordia (Porto Gruaro), near Venice (304)
Great-martyr Theodore the Tyro (c. 306)
Martyr Theodoulos, at Caesarea Palestina (308)
Holy Emperor Marcian (457) and St. Pulcheria, his wife (453)
Venerable Martyr Theocteristus, Abbot of Pelecete Monastery near Prusa (8th century) (see also: November 10 and February 28)
Pre-Schism Western saints
Martyrs Faustinus and Companions, a group of forty-five martyrs honoured in Rome.
Saint Lommán of Trim (Luman), a nephew of St Patrick and the first Bishop of Trim in Meath in Ireland (c. 450)
Saint Habet-Deus, Bishop of Luna in Tuscany in Italy, probably martyred by the Arian Vandals (c. 500)
Saint Fortchern, Bishop of Trim in Ireland, he later lived as a hermit (6th century)
Saint Guevrock (Gueroc; Kerric), Abbot of Loc-Kirec, he also helped St Paul of Léon (6th century)
Saint Fintan of Clonenagh, a disciple of St Columba, he led the life of a hermit in Clonenagh in Leix in Ireland, Confessor (603)
Saint Finan of Lindisfarne, Bishop of Lindisfarne (661)
Saint Silvinus of Auchy, enlightener of the area near Thérouanne, then a mnonastic in the Benedictine abbey of Auchy-les-Moines (c. 718)
Post-Schism Orthodox saints
Saint Theodore, monk of the Kievan Zverynetsky Monastery (1096)
St. Euxiphius I, Bishop and Wonderworker, listed in some synaxaria as one of the "300 Allemagne Saints" in Cyprus (late 12th century) (see also: September 17 )
Venerable Theodore the Silent, of the Kiev Caves Monastery (13th century)
Venerable Theodosius, monastic founder at Mt. Kelifarevo (1363), and his disciple St. Romanus (c. 1370), of Turnovo, Bulgaria.
New Martyr Michael Mavroeidis of Adrianopolis (1490 or 1544)
Saint Hermogenes of Moscow, Patriarch and Wonderworker of Moscow and all Russia (1612)
New Martyr Theodore of Byzantium, at Mytilene (1795)
New Hieromartyr Theodore of Adjara, Hieromonk, at Mt. Athos (1822)
Venerable Barnabas, Elder of Gethsemane Skete, of St. Sergius Lavra (1906)
Saint Nicholas Planas, Priest, of Athens (1932) (see also: March 2 - Greek)
New martyrs and confessors
New Hieromartyrs Michael Nikologorsky and Paul Kosminkov, Priests (1938)
Martyr Anna Chetverikov (1940) (see also: February 18)
Uncovering of the relics (867-869) of Martyr Menas the Most Eloquent, of Alexandria (ca. 313)
Weeping "Tikhvin" Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos, at the Kozak Skete of St. Elias on Mt. Athos.
Repose of Elder Agapitus of the Kiev Caves (1887)
Repose of Schemamonk John (Shova) of Kolitsou Skete, Mt. Athos (2009)