February 15 Feb 14, 2015 22:55:26 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Feb 14, 2015 22:55:26 GMT -5
February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 319 days remaining until the end of the year
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
Justinian, on the reverse of this coin struck during his second reign, is holding a patriarchal globe with PAX, "peace"
706 Byzantine emperor Justinian II has his predecessors Leontios and Tiberios III publicly executed in the Hippodrome of Constantinople.
1113 Pope Paschal II issues a bill sanctioning the establishment of the Order of Hospitallers.
King Władysław II Jagiełło, detail of the Triptych of Our Lady of Sorrows in the Wawel Cathedral.
1386 King Jagiello of Lithuania was baptized into the Christian faith. Lithuania being the last heathen nation in Europe, Jagiello's conversion finalized the Macedonian Vision in Acts 16:9, leading St. Paul to begin taking the Gospel to Europe.
By 1386 only one European race remained largely without Christian influence. That race was the Lithuanians, a fierce people without fixed boundaries who at times controlled quite large portions of Eastern Europe. The gospel had reached Lithuania fifty years before but had not taken root and was extinguished.
Jogaila (Jagiello), Grand Duke of the Lithuanians, was struggling against the Teutonic knights, a quasi-Christian order. These knights had originated as military nurses in a crusader hospital in Jerusalem, but had become the terror of Eastern Europe They conquered much of Prussia. Although their mission was to fight infidels, they turned their weapons against Christians also, seizing whatever lands they could and reducing freemen to serfs. Among the lands they overran were Estonia, Livonia, Prussia and East Pomerania.
The knights repeatedly assaulted Lithuania and were repulsed. Lithuania was no mean state at the time. It owned Eastern Europe from the Baltic to the Black Sea and stretched eastward almost to Moscow. Nonetheless, the Teutonic knights were powerful enough to shut off Poland from the sea. Jogaila looked about for an ally. Poland, having suffered so much from the knights, seemed the natural choice for an alliance. The Poles were agreeable on one condition: Jogaila must convert to Christianity. And so, on this day, February 15, 1386, Jogaila was baptized, taking the name Ladislas. When he returned to Lithuania he was accompanied by many priests.
Jogaila's conversion is important for several reasons. For one, it marked the end of established paganism in Europe. For another, the see of Vilnius was founded. Finally, as part of the deal with Poland, Jogaila married Jadwiga (Hedwig), heiress to Poland's throne. He was a thirty-six year old heathen who did not know how to read. She was a highly literate sixteen year old who had been raised solidly Catholic and had been "ruler" of Poland since the age of eleven. Under Ladislas and his offspring, Poland became a Christian commonwealth, and would eventually enjoy a rare century of relative peace. The Jogaila dynasty eventually ruled Hungary and Bohemia as well. The combined might of Lithuania and Poland destroyed the Teutonic knights, although the masterful king did not bring this about until 1410 in a battle at Tannenberg.
Armies of a hundred thousand men apiece clashed that day. The Teutonic Knights left behind 18,000 dead, 14,000 captives and their Grand Master. It was the beginning of the end of the military prowess of the troublesome order.
By contrast, Lithuanian Christianity lived on. Hundreds of years after the Lithuanian church was founded, people of faith suffered terribly at the hands of the Communists, who even sent their archbishop to his death in prison.
1493 While on board the Niña, Christopher Columbus writes an open letter (widely distributed upon his return to Portugal) describing his discoveries and the unexpected items he came across in the New World.
1537 The Smalcald Articles were signed. The Articles (German: Schmalkaldische Artikel) are a summary of Lutheran doctrine, written by Martin Luther in 1537 for a meeting of the Schmalkaldic League in preparation for an intended ecumenical Council of the Church.
1631 John Donne (1572–1631), the greatest love poet of the English language, preached his last sermon.
1637 Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
1643 John Campanius (1601–1683), a native of Stockholm, came to New Sweden with Governor Printz and ministered to Swedes on the Delaware River until 1648.
Constantin and son Antioh Cantemir
1690 Constantin Cantemir, Prince of Moldavia and the Holy Roman Empire sign a secret treaty in Sibiu, stipulating that Moldavia would support the actions led by the House of Habsburg against the Ottoman Empire.
1762 Anglican hymnwriter John Newton wrote in a letter: 'We serve a gracious Master who knows how to overrule even our mistakes to His glory and our own advantage.'
1764 The city of St. Louis, Missouri is established.
Louis Alexandre Berthier
1798 The Roman Republic is proclaimed after Louis Alexandre Berthier, a general of Napoleon, had invaded the city of Rome five days earlier
1804 The Serbian revolution begins.
Constitution of 15 February 1835.
1835 The first constitutional law in modern Serbia is adopted.
1860 Wheaton College was chartered in Illinois under Methodist sponsorship. (The following year the school passed into Congregational control. Today, Wheaton is non-denominational.)
Part of the lower river battery at Fort Donelson, overlooking the Cumberland
1862 American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
1870 Stevens Institute of Technology is founded and offers the first Bachelors of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering.
President Rutherford B. Hayes
1879 Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
USS Maine entering Havana Harbor on 25 January 1898, where the ship would explode three weeks later. On the right is the old Morro Castle fortress
1898 The battleship USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing 274. This event leads the United States to declare war on Spain.
1909 The Flores Theater fire in Acapulco, Mexico kills 250.
1921 Kingdom of Romania establishes its legation in Helsinki.
1923 Greece becomes the last European country to adopt the Gregorian calendar.
1925 1925 serum run to Nome: The serum arrives in Nome, Alaska, with Balto being the lead dog of the last team.
Anton J. Cermak
1933 In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.
Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, led by a Japanese officer, walks under a flag of truce to negotiate the capitulation of Allied forces in Singapore, on 15 February 1942. It was the largest surrender of British-led forces in history.
1942 World War II: Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history.
Ruins of the town of Cassino after the battle
1944 World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins.
1944 World War II: The Narva Offensive begins.
Mosquito marker planes dropped the target indicators, which glowed red and green to guide the bombers.
1945 World War II: Third day of bombing in Dresden.
1946 ENIAC, the first electronic general-purpose computer, is formally dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Cave 4Q with other caves in the background
1949 Gerald Lankester Harding and Roland de Vaux begin excavations at Cave 1 of the Qumran Caves, where they will eventually discover the first seven Dead Sea Scrolls.
Original theatrical release poster
1950 Disney’s Cinderella opens. Walt Disney’s animated feature Cinderella opens in theaters across the United States.
The Chicago-born Disney began his career as an advertising cartoonist in Kansas City. After arriving in Hollywood in 1923, he and his older brother Roy set up shop in the back of a real-estate office and began making a series of animated short films called Alice in Cartoonland, featuring various animated characters. In 1928, he introduced the now-immortal character of Mickey Mouse in two silent movies. That November, Mickey debuted on the big screen in Steamboat Willie, the first fully synchronized sound cartoon ever made. Walt Disney provided Mickey’s squeaky voice himself. The company went on to produce a series of sound cartoons, such as the “Silly Symphony” series, which included The Three Little Pigs (1933) and introduced characters like Donald Duck and Goofy.
Disney made a risky bet in 1937 when he championed--and put $1.5 million of his own money into--Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, the first-ever full-length animated feature film. The risk paid off in spades after the film grossed $8 million at the box office, an incredible sum during the Great Depression. Four more animated hits followed in the growing Disney canon--Pinocchio (1940), Fantasia (1940), Dumbo (1941) and Bambi (1942)--before full-scale production was stalled by wartime economic problems. By the end of the decade, audiences were eagerly awaiting the next great Disney offering, having had to satisfy themselves with so-called “package films” like Make Mine Music (1946) and Melody Time (1948).
Cinderella, based on another Brothers Grimm fairy tale, was chosen for its similarity to the Snow White story. The film’s immediate source was Charles Perrault’s French version of the fairy tale, which tells the story of a young girl whose father dies, leaving her at the mercy of her oppressive stepmother and two unsympathetic stepsisters. As in Snow White, Cinderella gets the help of a few friends--in this case singing mice and birds as well as a Fairy Godmother--to escape the prison of her servitude and win the heart of Prince Charming. Along the way to its happy ending--a Disney trademark--the film featured lively animation sequences and enduring songs like “A Dream is a Wish Your Heart Makes” and the Oscar-nominated “Bibbidi-Bobbidi-Boo.”
Six years in the making, Cinderella became one of Disney’s best-loved films and one of the highest-grossing features of 1950. As with Snow White and other classic animated features, the studio held periodic re-releases of Cinderella in 1957, 1965, 1973, 1981 and 1987, keeping its popularity alive among new generations of moviegoers.
1952 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.
1954 Canada and the United States agree to construct the Distant Early Warning Line, a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska.
A Sabena Boeing 707 similar to the crashed aircraft
1961 Sabena Flight 548 crashes in Belgium, killing 73, including the entire United States figure skating team, several coaches and family members.
1965 A new red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.
An introductory pack of the new currency
1971 The decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.
1972 Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
1972 José María Velasco Ibarra, serving as President of Ecuador for the fifth time, is overthrown by the military for the fourth time.
Poster urging citizens to support the adoption of the new constitution
1976 The 1976 Constitution of Cuba is adopted by national referendum.
Ocean Ranger drilling in Cook Inlet, Alaska.
1982 The drilling rig Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing 84 workers.
1986 Living Bibles International moved to its present headquarters in Naperville, IL. Founded in 1968 by Ken Taylor, editor of the Living Bible, LBI is an interdenominational Bible distributing agency, working in 45 countries.
1989 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.
1991 The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
1996 At the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China, a Long March 3 rocket, carrying an Intelsat 708, crashes into a rural village after liftoff, killing many people.
2000 Indian Point II nuclear power plant in New York vents a small amount of radioactive steam when a steam generator fails.
2001 First draft of the complete human genome is published in Nature.
2003 Protests against the Iraq war take place in over 600 cities worldwide. It is estimated that between 8 million to 30 million people participate, making this the largest peace demonstration in history.
2013 A meteor explodes over Russia, injuring 1,500 people as a shock wave blows out windows and rocks buildings. This happens unexpectedly only hours before the expected closest ever approach of the larger and unrelated asteroid 2012 DA14.
2014 Renaud Lavillenie of France breaks Sergey Bubka's world record in pole vault with a mark of 6.16 m.
1519 Pedro Menéndez de Aviles explored Florida - founded St Augustine FL
1564 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)
1710 Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
1725 Abraham Clark, English-American politician (d. 1794)
1734 William Stacy, English-American colonel (d. 1802)
1760 Jean-François Le Sueur, French composer (d. 1837)
1761 Jacob Kimball, Jr., English-American composer (d. 1826)
1782 William Miller, originator of the Advent Movement that predicted a definite time for Christ's Second Coming, at Pittsfield, Massachusetts (d. 20 December 1849).
1792 Floride Calhoun, American wife of John C. Calhoun (d. 1866)
1797 Henry E. Steinway, German-American businessman, founded Steinway & Sons (d. 1871)
1803 John Augustus Sutter Swiss/US colonist of California gold rush fame (New Helvetia CA, Sutter Mill)
1809 Cyrus McCormick, American businessman, co-founded International Harvester (d. 1884)
1812 Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler, founded Tiffany & Co.Was an American leader in the American jewelry trade in the nineteenth century, he was known for his jewelry expertise, created the country's first retail catalog, and, in 1851, he introduced the English standard of sterling silver. (d. 1902)
1820 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.(d. 1906)
1825 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician, 29th Mayor of Chicago (d. 1893)
1829 Silas Weir Mitchell US physician/author (Roland Blake) known for his discovery of causalgia (complex regional pain syndrome) and erythromelalgia.
1835 Alexander Stuart Webb Major General (Union Army), died in 1911
1845 Elihu Root, American lawyer and politician, 38th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1937)
1858 William Pickering Boston, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn)
1861 Martin Burns, American wrestler and coach (d. 1937)
1867 Charles Winfred Douglas, hymnist and composer, was born at Oswego, New York (d. 18 January 1944).
1869 Cormic Cosgrove, American soccer player (d. 1930)
1892 James Forrestal, American lieutenant and politician, 1st United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949)
1893 James Phinney Baxter III, American historian and author (d. 1975)
How Ya Gonna Keep 'em Down on the Farm
1893 Walter Donaldson, American songwriter (d. 1947)
1898 Allen Woodring, American runner (d. 1982)
1899 Gale Sondergaard, American actress (d. 1985)
Somewhere Over The Rainbow - Judy Garland 1939
1905 Harold Arlen, American composer (d. 1986)
CESAR ROMERO \ Interview (part 1)
1907 Cesar Romero, American actor (d. 1994)
1909 Miep Gies, Austrian-Dutch humanitarian, helped hide Anne Frank and her family (d. 2010)
1910 Irena Sendler (née Krzyżanowska), also referred to as Irena Sendlerowa in Poland, nom de guerre "Jolanta" (d 12 May 2008), was a Polish nurse and social worker who served in the Polish Underground in German-occupied Warsaw during World War II, and was head of the children's section of Żegota the Polish Council to Aid Jews (Polish: Rada Pomocy Żydom), which was active from 1942 to 1945. Assisted by some two dozen other Żegota members, Sendler smuggled approximately 2,500 Jewish children out of the Warsaw Ghetto and then provided them with false identity documents and shelter outside the Ghetto, saving those children from the Holocaust. With the exception of diplomats who issued visas to help Jews flee Nazi-occupied Europe, Sendler saved more Jews than any other individual during the Holocaust.
1911 Leonard Freel Woodcock, President of the United Auto Workers (UAW) and the first US ambassador to the People's Republic of China (and the last Chief of the U.S. Liaison Office in Beijing)(d 2001)
1914 Hale Boggs, American Democratic politician and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Orleans, Louisiana. He was the House majority leader and a member of the Warren Commission.
1914 Kevin McCarthy, American actor (d. 2010)
1916 Mary Jane Croft, American actress (d. 1999)
1916 Jack Hanlon, American actor (d. 2012)
1918 Allan Arbus, American actor (d. 2013)
Hank Locklin - Send Me the Pillow You Dream On (1958)
1918 Hank Locklin, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2009)
1919 Ducky Detweiler, American professional baseball infielder and manager. Listed at 5' 11", 178 lb., he batted and threw right handed(d. 2013)
1920 Endicott Peabody, American politician from Massachusetts. A Democrat, he served a single two-year term as the 62nd Governor of Massachusetts, from 1963 to 1965.(d 1997)
1922 John B. Anderson, American lawyer and politician
1924 Robert Drew, American director and producer (d. 2014)
1926 Bubba Harris, American baseball player (d. 2013)
1927 Harvey Korman, American actor (d. 2008)
1928 Norman Bridwell, American author and illustrator, created Clifford the Big Red Dog (d. 2014)
1928 Joseph Willcox Jenkins, American composer, conductor, and educator (d. 2014)
1929 James R. Schlesinger, American economist and politician, 12th United States Secretary of Defense (d. 2014)
1931 Geoff Edwards, American actor and game show host (d. 2014)
1934 Abe Woodson, American football player and minister (d. 2014)
1935 Susan Brownmiller, American journalist and author
1935 Roger B. Chaffee, American lieutenant, engineer, and astronaut (d. 1967)
1935 Gene Hickerson, American football player (d. 2008)
1937 Nathan Davis, American saxophonist and clarinet player
1937 Gregory Mcdonald, American author (d. 2008)
1939 Robert Hansen, American serial killer (d. 2014)
1940 John Hadl, American football player
1941 Brian Holland, American songwriter and producer
1942 Sherry Jackson, American actress
1945 Jack Dann, American-Australian author and poet
1945 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and author
1947 John Adams, American composer
1947 Marisa Berenson, American actress
1947 Rusty Hamer, American actor (d. 1990)
1948 Ron Cey, American baseball player
1948 Tino Insana, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1948 Art Spiegelman, American cartoonist
1949 Ken Anderson, American football player
1950 David Brown, American bass player and songwriter (Santana) (d. 2000)
1951 Melissa Manchester, American singer-songwriter and actress (Harlettes)
1953 Tony Adams, Irish-American screenwriter and producer (d. 2005)
1954 Matt Groening, American animator, producer, and screenwriter
1955 Janice Dickinson, American model, agent, and author
1955 Christopher McDonald, American actor
1957 Steve Farhood, American historian
1957 Jimmy Spencer, American race car driver
1957 Jake E. Lee, American guitarist (Badlands and Ozzy Osbourne)
1958 Matthew Ward, American singer-songwriter (Second Chapter of Acts)
1960 Darrell Green, American football player
1963 Steven Michael Quezada, American actor
1964 Chris Farley, American actor and comedian (d. 1997)
1964 Leland D. Melvin, American engineer and astronaut
1964 Mark Price, American basketball player
1967 Kelley Menighan Hensley, American actress
1969 Birdman, American rapper and producer (Big Tymers)
1969 Josh Marshall, American journalist, founded the Talking Points Memo
1971 Renee O'Connor, American actress, director, and producer
1973 Alex Borstein, American actress and singer
1973 Amy Van Dyken, American swimmer
1974 Miranda July, American actress, director, and screenwriter
1975 Brendon Small, American animator, producer, screenwriter, and actor
1976 Brandon Boyd, American singer-songwriter (Incubus)
1976 Ronnie Vannucci, Jr., American drummer and songwriter (The Killers and Big Talk)
1977 Brooks Wackerman, American drummer (Bad Religion, Infectious Grooves, Fear and the Nervous System, and Bad4Good)
1978 Kimberly Goss, American singer and keyboard player (Sinergy and Ancient)
1978 Tuan Le, French-American poker player
1980 Conor Oberst, American singer-songwriter (Bright Eyes, Desaparecidos, Park Ave., Monsters of Folk, The Faint, and Commander Venus)
1981 Olivia, American singer
1981 Matt Hoopes, American guitarist (Relient K)
1981 Jenna Morasca, American model and actress
1981 Larry Sweeney, American wrestler and manager (d. 2011)
1982 Shameka Christon, American basketball player
1983 Ashley Tesoro, American actress and singer
1986 Amber Riley, American actress and singer
1992 Greer Grammer, American actress
1998 Zachary Gordon, American actor
706 Leontios, Byzantine emperor
706 Tiberios III, Byzantine emperor
1145 Pope Lucius II
1600 José de Acosta Spanish 16th-century Jesuit missionary and naturalist in Latin America.(Peru), dies at 59
1637 Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1578)
1730 Thomas Bray Some men accomplish or inspire more good in one lifetime than most of us would in three lifetimes. Thomas Bray, was such a man.
Born in Shropshire, England, he trained at Oxford and became an Anglican rector. His life took a dramatic turn when Bishop Henry Compton of London received a letter from Maryland pleading for religious instruction. The bishop chose Thomas Bray to investigate religious conditions in the American colony.
Various complications kept Bray from sailing at once. He used the delays to enlist missionaries to travel with him. He soon found that the older, more established clergymen were not interested in transplanting to the colonies. Bray found that only young men, usually poor, were willing to venture forth. But lack of funds meant that these men could not afford the costly books they desperately needed if they were to continue their studies and respond in an educated manner to critics. The immorality of the colonists could only be combated by tearing away the veils of ignorance, which meant books were needed. To provide them, Bray organized the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK). With the help of many contributors, he acquired books and shipped them across the Atlantic.
Bray spent only ten weeks in Maryland. He saw at once that he would be more useful as a resource man in England. While in the colony, however, he reorganized the Maryland church, established a better system for examining candidates for the ministry, set in motion a system of parochial schools, and established thirty-nine libraries. In a day when fifty books were considered a sizable private collection, the SPCK put together collections of sixty and more volumes to ship overseas.
Bray also gathered data on the state of religion in the colonies and wrote an impassioned plea for Anglican missionaries in America. "My design is not to intermeddle, where Christianity under any form has obtained possession; but to represent rather the deplorable state of the English colonies, where they have been in a manner abandoned to atheism...for want of a clergy settled among them." His practical and foresighted plan received little attention, however. Neither did his appeals for the rights of Indians and of slaves.
Back in England, Bray founded another Society--this one for the Propagation of the Gospel. He continued his work with the SPCK. Long an advocate for placing lending libraries of religious works in all British deaneries, he saw his dream fulfilled as the SPCK and its faithful allies supplied England's churches with books. Bray also took a leading role in prison ministries. It was he who convinced General Oglethorpe to found the penal colony of Georgia. From 1706 until his death, he served as rector of Saint Botolph's Without in Aldgate, London.
1820 William Ellery US attorney, signed Declaration of Independence as a representative of Rhode Island. In 1764, the Baptists consulted with Ellery and the Congregationalist Reverend Ezra Stiles on writing a charter for the college that became Brown University. dies at 92 (b December 2, 1727)
1905 Lew Wallace, American general and politician, 11th Governor of New Mexico Territory. Wallace is best known for his historical adventure story, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1880), a bestselling novel that has been called "the most influential Christian book of the nineteenth century." (b. 1827)
Lew left behind him a lifetime of political and military accomplishments. The world, however, remembers him chiefly as the author of the novel Ben Hur, which he subtitled, "a tale of the Christ."
Lew Wallace was born in 1827, the son of an Indiana governor. As a young man he served in the United States' war with Mexico. After the war, he studied law, set up a law practice, and served in the Indiana State Senate.
When the Civil War broke out, he immediately re-enlisted and rose to the rank of Major General. In 1864, he fought--and lost--the Battle of Monocacy, but he held his position long enough to allow union defenders to reach Washington, D.C., preventing its capture by Confederate general Jubal Early. After the war, Lew served on the court martial that tried Lincoln's assassins.
Lew was inspired to write novels after reading Prescott's Conquest of Mexico. His first novel, The Fair God, was about those events. His second novel, Ben Hur, was conceived after sitting on a train, listening spellbound for two hours, while the agnostic Colonel Robert Ingersoll, poured out "a medley of argument, eloquence, wit, satire, audacity, irreverence, poetry, brilliant antitheses, and pungent excoriation of believers in God, Christ, and Heaven, the like of which I had never heard."
Until then, Lew had been indifferent to the claims of religion (although he loved the story of the wise men and had begun a tale about them). "... Yet here was I now moved as never before, and by what? The most outright denials of all human knowledge of God, Christ, Heaven... Was the Colonel right? What had I on which to answer yes or no? He had made me ashamed of my ignorance: and then--here is the unexpected of the affair--as I walked on in the cool darkness, I was aroused for the first time in my life to the importance of religion... I thought of the manuscript in my desk. Its closing scene was the child Christ in the cave by Bethlehem: why not go on with the story down to the crucifixion? That would make a book, and compel me to study everything of pertinency; after which, possibly, I would be possessed of opinions of real value.
"It only remains to say that I did as resolved, with results--first, the book Ben Hur, and second, a conviction amounting to absolute belief in God and the Divinity of Christ."
While governor of New Mexico, Lew wrote his dramatic story. Though never a member of a church, he became the best selling religious author of his day. Ben Hur sold 300,000 copies within ten years, and was translated into dozens of languages, including Arabic and Chinese.
The year after Ben Hur was published in 1880, Wallace began a four-year term as U.S. ambassador to Turkey, where he cultivated very good relations with the Sultan. The last years of his life Wallace spent as a public lecturer. Today his statue stands in the Capitol building at Washington, representing the State of Indiana.
1923 Josephine B Willson Bruce US black theorist, dies at 69
1930 Franklin L. Sheppard, 78. He served on the editorial committee of the 1911 edition of the Presbyterian Hymnal, but is better remembered for composing the hymn tune TERRA BEATA, to which "This Is My Father's World" is most commonly sung.
1932 Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress and playwright (b. 1865)
1961 Bradley Lord, American figure skater (b. 1939)
1961 Laurence Owen, American figure skater (b. 1944)
1964 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman and politician, Mayor of Dallas (b. 1880)
1965 Nat King Cole, American singer and pianist (b. 1919)
1967 Antonio Moreno, Spanish-American actor and director (b. 1887)
1973 Wally Cox, American actor (b. 1924)
1973 Tim Holt, American actor (b. 1919)
1981 Mike Bloomfield, American guitarist and songwriter (Electric Flag) (b. 1943)
1984 Avon Long, American actor and singer (b. 1910)
1984 Ethel Merman, American actress and singer (b. 1908)
1988 Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
1992 María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)
1992 William Schuman, American composer (b. 1910)
1996 Tommy Rettig, American actor (b. 1941)
1996 McLean Stevenson, American actor (b. 1929)
1998 Martha Gellhorn, American journalist and author (b. 1908)
1998 Louie Spicolli, American wrestler (b. 1971)
1999 Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)
1999 Big L, American rapper (Diggin' in the Crates Crew and Children of the Corn) (b. 1974)
2002 Howard K. Smith, American journalist (b. 1914)
2004 Jan Miner, American actress (b. 1917)
2005 Samuel T. Francis, American journalist (b. 1947)
2007 Walker Edmiston, American actor (b. 1926)
2007 Ray Evans, American songwriter (b. 1915)
2008 Johnny Weaver, American wrestler and sportscaster (b. 1935)
2009 Joe Cuba, American singer (b. 1931)
2009 Diether Haenicke, American academic (b. 1935)
2009 Carl Venne (b July 20, 1946), whose Crow name was Aashiise Dakatak Baacheitchish, was, the chairman of the executive branch of the Crow Nation. He won a November 2002 special election held after the September 2002 resignation of Chairman Clifford Birdinground. Venne was sworn into office on November 12, 2002. He served until his death on February 15, 2009. Venne served on the Montana Meth Project and Advisory Council of the State of Montana Department of Corrections. Vennedied aged 62. He had two girls and one son. He served with the US Army during the Vietnam War.
2010 Jeanne M. Holm, American general (b. 1921)
2012 Charles Anthony, American tenor (b. 1929)
2012 William H. Dabney, American colonel (b. 1934)
2012 John J. Yeosock, American general (b. 1937)
2013 Kenneth Dement, American football player and lawyer (b. 1933)
2014 Cliff Bole, American director and producer (b. 1937)
2014 Mary Grace Canfield, American computer scientist (b. 1924)
2014 Thelma Estrin, American actress (b. 1924)
2014 Jim Lacy, American basketball player (b. 1926)
2014 Horst Rechelbacher, Austrian-American businessman, founded the Aveda Corporation (b. 1941)
Holidays and observances
Candlemas (Eastern Orthodox Church)
Christian Feast Day:
Claude de la Colombière
Faustinus and Jovita
Sigfrid of Sweden
Vartan (a holiday for Armenians in Lebanon)
Thomas Bray (Episcopal Church (USA))
February 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Apostle Onesimus of the Seventy (c. 109)
Martyr Major of Gaza (302)
Venerable Paphnutius, monk, and his daughter St. Euphrosyne, nun, of Alexandria (5th century) (see also: September 25)
Venerable Eusebius, hermit, of Asikha in Syria (5th century)
Saint Theognius, Bishop of Bethelia near Gaza (523)
Pre-Schism Western saints
Saints Faustinus and Jovita, two brothers, belonging to the nobility of Brescia in Italy, zealous preachers of Orthodoxy, beheaded in their native city under Hadrian (2nd century)
Virgin-martyr Agape, in Terni (Teramo) in Italy (c. 273)
Martyr Craton and Companions, converted to Christ by St Valentine, Bishop of Terni, martyred in Rome together with his wife and family (c. 273)
Martyrs Saturninus, Castulus, Magnus and Lucius, who belonged to the flock of St Valentine, Bishop of Terni in Italy (273)
Saint Dochow (Dochau, Dogwyn), founder of a monastery in Cornwall (c. 473)
Saint Georgia, a holy virgin and later anchoress near Clermont in Auvergne in France (c. 500)
Saint Severus, a priest from the Abruzzi in Italy (c. 530)
Saint Quinidius, after living as a hermit in Aix in Provence, he became Bishop of Vaison in France (c. 579)
Saint Farannan, a disciple of St Columba at Iona in Scotland (c. 590)
Saint Berach (Barachias, Berachius), disciple of St Kevin and founder of a monastery at Clusin-Coirpte in Connaught (6th century)
Saint Faustus, a disciple of St Benedict at Montecassino in Italy (6th century)
Saint Oswy, King of Northumbria (670)
Saint Decorosus, for thirty years Bishop of Capua in Italy, Confessor (695)
Saint Walfrid (Gualfredo) della Gherardesca (765)
Saints Winaman, Unaman and Sunaman, monks and nephews of St Sigfrid whom they followed to Sweden, martyred by pagans (c. 1040)
Saint Sigfrid of Sweden, a priest and monk, probably at Glastonbury in England, who went to enlighten Sweden, based in Växjö, and converted King Olaf of Sweden (1045
Saint Druthmar, a monk at Lorsch, in 1014 he became Abbot of Corvey in Saxony in Germany (1046)
Post-Schism Orthodox saints
Saint Paphnutius, recluse of the Kiev Caves Monastery (13th century)
Venerable Dalmatius of Siberia, Abbot and founder of the Dormition Monastery (1697) (see also: June 10 Synaxis of All Saints of Siberia)
New martyr John of Thessaloniki (1776)
Venerable Anthimos (Vagianos) of Chios (1960)
New martyrs and confessors
New Hieromartyrs Michael Pyatayev and John Kuminov, Priests of Omsk (1930)
New Hieromartyr Paul (Kozlov), Hieromonk of St. Nilus Hermitage, Tver (1938)
New Hieromartyrs Nicholas Morkovin, Alexis, and Alexis, Priests; and Simeon, Deacon (1938)
Virgin-martyr Sophia (1938)
Synaxis of the Church of St. John the Theologian at Diaconissa.
Synaxis of the Icon of the Mother of God of Vilnius.
Synaxis of Icon of the Mother of God of Dalmatia.
Repose of Blessed Stoina (Euphemia) of Devic Monastery (Serbia) (1895)
Repose of Schemamonk Nikodim of Karoulia (1984)
Repose of Monk Marcu (Dumitrescu) of Sihastria (Romania) (1999)
Susan B. Anthony Day (United States)
The ENIAC Day