February 13 Feb 12, 2015 20:18:28 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Feb 12, 2015 20:18:28 GMT -5
February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 321 days remaining until the end of the year
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
1322 The central tower of Ely Cathedral falls on the night of 12th-13th.
1462 The Treaty of Westminster is finalised between Edward IV of England and the Scottish Lord of the Isles.
Monument to the Challenge in Barletta.
1503 Disfida di Barletta - tournament between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta. The tournament was provoked by a French knight Charles de la Motte who, after drinking too much of the local wine, made disparaging remarks about the Italians. It consisted in a mounted tourney between 13 Italians (the most famous being Ettore Fieramosca), who were part of the Spanish army based in Barletta, and 13 French knights who were based in Canosa di Puglia. The Italian knights won the battle, and the French had to pay ransom. Barletta has since acquired the appellation Città della Disfida (City of the Challenge) as a result.
1527 Elector John of Saxony (1468–1532) ordered a visitation of the churches and priests (pastors) in his principality on this date. The purpose of the visitation was to see if errors were being taught or tolerated and to set up proceedings to correct anything that needed correcting.
Portrait miniature by Hans Holbein the Younger
1542 Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
1572 Elizabeth I of England issues a proclamation which revokes all commissions on account of the frauds which they had fostered.
1575 Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims and marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont on the same day.
1633 Hailed by the Inquisition for trial, Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) arrived in Rome ready to explain his belief that the earth revolves around the sun. He was compelled to recant the view and was placed under house arrest until his death.
Charles X Gustaf
1660 With the death of Swedish King Charles X Gustav, the Swedish government begins to seek peace with Sweden's enemies in the Second Northern War -- something that Charles had refused. As his son and successor on the throne, Charles XI, is only four years old, a regency rules Sweden until 1672.
1668 Spain recognizes Portugal as an independent nation.
1689 British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights. Before William and Mary were affirmed as co-rulers of England and Ireland, they accepted a Declaration of Right drawn up by the Convention Parliament which was delivered to them at the Banqueting House, Whitehall, on February 13, 1689. Having accepted the Declaration of Right, William and Mary were offered the throne, and were crowned as joint monarchs in April 1689. The Declaration of Right was later embodied in an Act of Parliament, now known as the Bill of Rights, on December 16, 1689
1692 Massacre of Glencoe: About 78 Macdonalds at Glen Coe, Scotland are killed early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
1739 Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.
1864 The Battle of Middle Boggy sometimes called either Battle of Middle Boggy River or Battle of Middle Boggy Depot, took place in Choctaw Indian Territory, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of what is now Allen in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Advancing down the Dragoon Trail toward Fort Washita, Union Colonel William A. Phillips sent out an advance of approximately 350 men from the 14th Kansas Cavalry (led by Maj. Charles Willetts) and two howitzers (led by Captain Solomon Kaufman) to attack a Confederate outpost guarding the Trail's crossing of Middle Boggy River. The Confederate force was led by Captain Jonathan Nail and composed of one company of the First Choctaw and Chickasaw Cavalry, a detachment of the 20th Texas Cavalry and part of the Seminole Battalion of Mounted Rifles. The outpost was about 12 miles (19 km) from Muddy Boggy Depot, which was held by the Confederates. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture says that the battlefield was 15 miles northeast of the depot, whereas the battlefield marker says the distance was 12 miles. The Confederate force at the outpost, consisting of 90 poorly armed men, were caught off guard when Willetts attacked them. Outnumbered and outgunned, the Confederates held off the Union cavalry attack for approximately 30 minutes before retreating to the rest of Lt. Col. John Jumper's Seminole Battalion, who were not at the main skirmish. The Confederates retreated 45 miles (72 km) southwest down the Dragoon Trail. The Union advance continued south toward Ft. Washita the next day, but when the expected reinforcements did not arrive Philips' Expedition into Indian Territory stalled on February 15, near old Stonewall.
1826 The American Temperance Society (later renamed the American Temperance Union) was founded in Boston to promote total (but voluntary) abstinence from distilled liquor. On February13, 1826, "The American Temperance Society" was established at Boston. The new society advocated total abstinence, but, from considerations of prudence, it was not enforced. The purpose of the society was to mold public sentiment and to reform the habits and customs of the community. Gradually men began to see that drunkenness was to be combatted by attacking the drink-habit. Ten years later in 1836, the second national temperance convention held at Saratoga declared for total abstinence from distilled and fermented liquors.
1849 The delegation headed by Metropolitan bishop Andrei Şaguna hands out to the Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria the General Petition of Romanian leaders in Transylvania, Banat and Bukovina, which demands that the Romanian nation be recognized.
1849 Otterbein College was chartered in Westerville, Ohio, under sponsorship of the United Brethren Church.
1861 In Gaeta the capitulation of the fortress decreeing the end of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies is signed.
1861 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor. Army Assistant Surgeon Bernard J.D. Irwin rescues the 60 soldiers of 2d Lt. George Bascom's unit at Apache Pass, AZ. Though the Medal of Honor had not yet been proposed in Congress (and actually wouldn't even be presented to Irwin until 1894, it was the First heroic act for which the Medal of Honor would be awarded.
1866 Jesse James holds up his first bank, Liberty, MO ($15,000). Frank James, Cole and Jim Younger robbed the Clay County Savings Bank in Liberty, MO. of $72,000. A boy is killed by the gang. Jesse's legend is embellished when he is placed at the scene as well, contrary to family members reporting him sick in bed, with his chest wound still bothering him.
1875 Kanouse quintuplets Watertown WI, 1st quintuplets in US, born to Edna Kanouse
1880 Thomas Edison observes the Edison effect.
1881 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
1895 Moving picture projector patented. The Cinématograph, invented by Auguste and Louis Lumière, was a combined camera, projector and printer. Set up for projection, it used a magic lantern lamphouse as a light source. With a similar Cinématograph, the Lumière Brothers gave the first cinema show at the Grand Café on the boulevard des Capucines in Paris on December 28, 1895.
1899 State record low temperature of -16° in Minden, LA
1905 State record low temperature of -40° in Warsaw, Missouri
1905 State record low temperature of -29° in Pond, AR
1905 State record low temperature of -2° in Tallahassee, FL
1905 State record low temperature of -40° in Lebanon, KS
1914 Copyright: In New York City the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
1920 The Negro National League is formed. Andrew "Rube" Foster, renowned pitcher and owner of the Chicago American Giants, called Midwestern team owners to Kansas City. The result of the meeting is the formation of the Negro National League. The League began the 1920 season on May 2 with the following teams onboard: Chicago American Giants, Chicago Giants, Dayton Marcos, Detroit Stars, Indianapolis ABCs, Kansas City Monarchs and Cuban Stars.
1931 New Delhi becomes the capital of India.
1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
1935 A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the 1932 kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby, the son of Charles Lindbergh.
1936 The Armed Forces Commission of the Missouri Synod was organized. The commission was called into being by the Missouri Synod convention in Cleveland, Ohio, in June 1935. The chief duties of the commission were to give ecclesiastical endorsement to qualified pastors for commissions as chaplains in military service, to counsel chaplains and to minister to the spiritual welfare of the synod's members in the armed forces and patients in Veterans Administration (VA) hospitals. The scope of the work increased when the numerical strength of the armed forces of the U.S. was raised through the Selective Service Act in 1940 and took on global aspects with the coming of World War II. Executive offices were established in 1940 in Chicago with a branch service office in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. When the U.S. became involved in World War II, a comprehensive program was developed under the slogan “They shall not march alone.”
1945 World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army.
1945 World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.
1945 John Noble Learned to Pray. There comes a time in every man's life when he learns to pray." For John Noble, that moment came on this day, February 13, 1945. As allied bombers pounded Dresden, he fell to his knees. The fire bombs would leave the city a burned-out husk. At least 35,000 people died.
John feared that he was about to become one of those casualties. Raised in a home which paid lip service to Christ, he realized that the thick walls of their basement shelter were no match for the powerful bombs raining down upon the city. "What would I say to God on Judgment Day if I were to die right now?" he asked himself. "I was not worthy of salvation and, as I stood there realizing that any moment might be my last, I knew it."
The bombers left after twenty minutes. A second wave came soon after. Surviving a blast that took one third of his home's roof off, he stumbled to the basement with ears ringing and began to pray in earnest. Bomb after bomb exploded nearby, but John and his family survived. When the bombers left, they battled for an hour to save their damaged house from fire.
Below them, Dresden burned. They could feel the heat on their faces. John felt he had been spared to do some work for God. However, he quickly forgot his promise to be thankful. American citizens, the Nobles had returned to Germany to operate their camera business. They expected their American citizenship to protect them from the Russians who moved in to occupy East Germany.
Instead, John and his dad found themselves taken into Soviet custody. There, as the Soviets starved the prisoners into submission, he learned to pray. At first, he prayed for bread and release. He finally reached a point of weakness in which he told the Lord he could not go on any longer. He asked the Lord to either take him or, if he meant for him to go on, to give him the strength to do so.
A new strength flowed into him. "Literally, I felt as though I was born again."
God remained with John for the ten years he spent in Soviet prison camps. His faith deepened. Later he would write a book of his experiences, I Found God in Soviet Russia. It sold tens of thousands of copies and reported many miraculous experiences of himself and other Christians in those terrible days.
He told of worship services that crossed the barriers of denominations. He saw priests who suffered dreadful reprisals for carrying out their duties, nuns who went without winter clothes rather than take part in tasks they considered wrong.
He was able to share his testimony with Russian prisoners (and even guards), who also hungered to know about Christ.
A group of Christians in America, who had never met him, began praying for his release. Two years later, he was freed. The American government had discovered he was alive and had instituted inquiries about him.
1951 Korean War: Battle of Chipyong-ni, which represented the "high-water mark" of the Chinese incursion into South Korea, commences.
1954 Frank Selvy becomes the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game.
1955 Israel obtains four of the seven Dead Sea scrolls.
1960 With the success of a nuclear test codenamed "Gerboise Bleue", France becomes the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons.
1960 Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee.
1961 An allegedly 500,000-year-old rock is discovered near Olancha, California, US, that appears to anachronistically encase a spark plug.
1967 American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.
1971 Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
The National Council of U.S. Catholic Bishops announced that anyone undergoing or performing an abortion would be excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church.
1978 Hilton bombing: a bomb explodes in a refuse truck outside the Hilton Hotel in Sydney, Australia, killing two refuse collectors and a policeman.
1979 An intense windstorm strikes western Washington and sinks a 1/2-mile-long section of the Hood Canal Bridge.
1981 A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
1982 The Río Negro massacre takes place in Guatemala.
1983 A cinema fire in Turin, Italy, kills 64 people.
1984 Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1990 German reunification: An agreement is reached on a two-stage plan to reunite Germany.
1991 Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed.
2000 The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.
2001 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
2004 The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics announces the discovery of the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093. Astronomers named this star "Lucy" after The Beatles' song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".
2007 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as the chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted on charges of embezzlement during his tenure as the mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election.
2008 Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes a historic apology to the Indigenous Australians and the Stolen Generations.
2010 A bomb explodes in the city of Pune, Maharashtra, India, killing 17 and injuring 60 more.
2011 For the first time in more than 100 years the Umatilla, an American Indian tribe, are able to hunt and harvest a bison just outside Yellowstone National Park, restoring a centuries-old tradition guaranteed by a treaty signed in 1855.
2012 The European Space Agency (ESA) conducted the first launch of the European Vega rocket from Europe's spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.
2013 A plane crash kills five people and injures nine others in Donetsk, Ukraine.
1457 Mary of Burgundy (d. 1482)
1480 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal who was present at the diet of Worms, where he headed the opposition to Martin Luther, advocating the most extreme measures to repress the doctrines of the reformer, was born (d. 1 February 1542).
1599 Pope Alexander VII (d. 1667)
1813 Absalom Jones (b November 7, 1746) African-American abolitionist and clergyman. After founding a black congregation in 1794, he was the first African American ordained as a priest in the Episcopal Church of the United States, in 1804. He is listed on the Episcopal calendar of saints and remembered liturgically on the date of his death, February 13, in the 1979 Book of Common Prayer as "Absalom Jones, Priest, 1818".
1831 John Aaron Rawlins, American general and politician, 29th United States Secretary of War (d. 1869)
1833 William Whedbee Kirkland Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1915
1835 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indian religious leader, founded the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
1843 Philip Andreas von Rohr, president of the Wisconsin Synod, in Buffalo, New York (d. 22 December 1908).
1849 Lord Randolph Churchill, English politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (d. 1895)
1861 Uchimura Kanzo in Edo (Tokyo). Many other children were born in Edo that day, but apart from the fact that Uchimura was a child of the elite Samurai class, there was nothing to mark him out from the others or suggest the impact he would have on his nation and the world.
Uchimura showed his first signs of distinction at school. At 11 he entered the Imperial College of Agriculture at Sopporo. For the most part its classes were conducted in English, a language which Uchimura quickly mastered. He was able to read this second language well enough to follow the reasoning of a Christian manuscript through which he was converted. The following year, he was baptized.
From the start, he intended to act on his profession of faith. At graduation, he and two other converts swore to devote themselves to two priorities: Jesus and Japan. Uchimura went to work in his nation's service. But by 1885, after a short-lived marriage, Uchimura sailed to the United States to study at Amherst and later Hartford Seminary. However, his theological studies left him unsatisfied. His sense of Japan's great cultural difference from the West and the petty quarrels he observed between denominations played their part in his unhappiness with traditional Christianity.
Uchimura was also struggling with his own longing to see personal spiritual growth. The president of Amherst wisely said to him, "Uchimura, it is not enough just to look within yourself. Look beyond yourself, outside of yourself. Why don't you look to Jesus, who redeemed your sins on the Cross, and stop being so concerned about yourself? What you do is like a child who plants a pot plant, then pulls up the plant to look at the roots to see if the plant is growing satisfactorily. Why don't you entrust everything to God and sunlight, and accept your growth as it occurs?" Uchimura accepted this advice and began to experience spiritual deepening.
He became concerned for the poor and handicapped, concerns which would stick with him through life. Back in Japan, he shied away from formal church settings, preferring what he called the "non-church." Believers need each other, yes, but not necessarily in the context of a brick or wood sanctuary.
Uchimura's confession of Christ cost him several jobs; he needed employment, for he refused to accept mission funds. He further outraged his homeland by taking a pacifist stand against the popular Japanese war with Russia. He endured this criticism and continued his work. For years he preached to 500 or more people in a rented hall. His endeavors in behalf of the poor the suffering and small nations won him worldwide recognition. Among his many books was How I Became a Christian. As a teacher, he influenced an entire generation of Japanese intellectuals, some of whom became Bible readers if not Christians.
When Uchimura died, those who buried him adorned his tomb with an expression he had written in his favorite Bible: "I for Japan. Japan for the World. The World for Christ. And All for God.
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1870 Leopold Godowsky, Polish-American pianist and composer (d. 1938)
1876 Fritz Buelow, German-American baseball player (d. 1933)
1883 Hal Chase, American baseball player (d. 1947)
1884 Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American pole vaulter and businessman, founded the A. C. Gilbert Company (d. 1961)
1885 Bess Truman, American wife of Harry S. Truman, 35th First Lady of the United States (d. 1982)
1891 Grant Wood, American painter (d. 1942)
1892 Robert H. Jackson, American jurist, 57th United States Attorney General (d. 1954)
1897 William S. Bowdern, American priest and author (d. 1983)
1901 Paul Lazarsfeld, American sociologist (d. 1976)
1902 Harold Lasswell, American political scientist (d. 1978)
1910 William Shockley, English-American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1989)
1911 Jean Muir, American actress (d. 1996)
1911 Frank Delfino, American actor (d. 1997)
1913 Khalid of Saudi Arabia (d. 1982)
1914 Henry G. Bosch (d 1955) Baptist. founder of Our Daily Bread, soloist and founder of the devotional guide, Our Daily Bread. He contacted tuberculosis as a small child, and was plagued by the after effects the rest of his life. Despite life threatening illnesses, he he produced some 6000 radio programs in Chicago and Grand Rapids. When Dr. M. R. DeHaan began his radio ministry, Bosch had charge of the music and sang with the men's quartet. In 1956, suggested to Dr. M. R. DeHaan that they publish Our Daily Bread --"to help people establish a pattern of daily Scripture reading and prayer." The idea was that Dr. DcHaan would write the articles and Henry Bosch edit them for publication. Brother DeHaan, however, said Henry should write half the articles, and also do the editorial work. From the first issue of 17,000 pamphlets, the publication has grown to some seven million copies each month, distributed around the world. When he retired a quarter century later, Henry Bosch had written some 4,500 articles. Many of these have been reprinted in book form (Rainbows for God's Children in the Storm is one of them). After his retirement, he suffered two strokes and had repeated operations for problems such as cancer, and yet, right up until the time of his passing he was busy writing personal letters and notes of encouragement to hundreds of personal friends.
1915 Lyle Bettger, American actor (d. 2003)
1916 Matushka Olga Michael (February 3, 1916 – November 8, 1979), also known as Olinka, was a priest's wife from Kwethluk village, on the Kuskokwim River in Alaska. Matushka Olga was a Native Alaskan of Yup'ik origin. Her husband was the village postmaster and manager of the general store, and later archpriest, Father Nikolai Michael. Serving her community not only as a priest's wife, but also as a midwife, Matushka Olga gave birth to and raised several children, many of whom she gave birth to without the aid of a midwife of her own.
Matushka Olga was known for her empathy and caring for those who had suffered abuse of all kinds, especially sexual abuse. While her family was poor, she was generous to those who were poorer, often giving away her children's clothes to the needy. She was also known for her ability to tell when a woman was pregnant, even before the woman herself had missed her period.
When Matushka Olga reposed, many people from miles around wanted to come to her funeral, but since it was November, the winter weather made it impossible. But a wind from the south brought warm weather, thawing the ice and snow to make the trek to Kwethluk possible. When the mourners exited the church to take her body to the graveyard, a flock of birds followed. The ones who dug her grave found that the ground, too, had thawed. The evening after her funeral, the normal harsh winter weather returned.
1917 Martin Litton, American rafter and environmentalist (d. 2014)
1918 Patty Berg, American golfer (d. 2006)
1919 Tennessee Ernie Ford, American singer and actor (d. 1991)
1919 Eddie Robinson, American football player and coach (d. 2007)
1920 Boudleaux Bryant, American songwriter (d. 1987)
1920 Eileen Farrell, American soprano (d. 2002)
1922 Gordon Tullock, American economist and academic (d. 2014)
1923 Michael Anthony Bilandic, American politician, 49th Mayor of Chicago (d. 2002)
1923 Chuck Yeager, American general and pilot
1930 Israel Kirzner, English-American economist
1932 Susan Oliver, American actress and director (d. 1990)
1932 Simms Taback, American author and illustrator (d. 2011)
1933 Kenneth Dement, American football player and lawyer (d. 2013)
1933 Kim Novak, American actress
The Reverend Peter L. Pond and his adopted son Arn Chorn-Pond in 1983.
1933 Peter L. Pond, American clergyman and philanthropist (d. 2000)
1934 George Segal, American actor
1935 Don Panoz, American businessman
1939 R. C. Sproul, American pastor, theologian, and author. He is the founder and chairman of Ligonier Ministries (named after the Ligonier Valley just outside of Pittsburgh, where the ministry started as a study center for college and seminary students) and can be heard daily on the Renewing Your Mind radio broadcast in the United States and internationally. "Renewing Your Mind with Dr. R.C. Sproul" is also broadcast on Sirius and XM satellite radio. In late July 2012, a new 24-hour online radio station called RefNet (Reformation Network) was also announced by Ligonier Ministries in an effort to reach "as many people as possible" where Internet access is available.
1941 Andrea Conte, American nurse
1942 Carol Lynley, American actress
1942 Peter Tork, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor (The Monkees)
1942 Donald E. Williams, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
1943 Elaine Pagels, American theologian and academic
1944 Stockard Channing, American actress
1944 Jerry Springer, English-American television host, actor, and politician, 56th Mayor of Cincinnati
1944 Michael Ensign, American actor
1945 King Floyd, American singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
1945 William Sleator, American author
1946 Richard Blumenthal, American politician
1947 Stephen Hadley, American diplomat, 21st United States National Security Advisor
1947 Mike Krzyzewski, American basketball player and coach
1950 Donna Hanover, American journalist
1950 Chuck Neubauer, American journalist
1951 Ellen Bry, American actress
1951 Greg Fulginiti, American engineer
1951 David Naughton, American actor and singer
1952 Ed Gagliardi, American bass player (Foreigner) (d. 2014)
1954 Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
1955 Joe Birkett, American lawyer and politician
1957 Denise Austin, American fitness trainer and author
1960 Gary Patterson, American football player and coach
1960 Matt Salinger, American actor
1961 Henry Rollins, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Black Flag, Rollins Band, and State of Alert)
1961 Richard Tyson, American actor
1962 Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician, 8th Governor of Puerto Rico
1962 Nickla Roberts, American wrestler
1964 Stephen Bowen, American engineer, captain, and astronaut
1966 Neal McDonough, American actor
1968 Kelly Hu, American model and actress
1969 Andrew Bryniarski, American bodybuilder and actor
1969 Joyce DiDonato, American mezzo-soprano
1971 Matt Berninger, American singer-songwriter (The National)
1971 Galen Gering, American actor
1971 Todd Williams, American baseball player
1972 Charlie Garner, American football player
1974 Fonzworth Bentley, American rapper and actor
1977 Randy Moss, American football player
1979 Mena Suvari, American actress
1981 Sam Burley, American runner
1981 Luke Ridnour, American basketball player
1982 Brady Bryant, American soccer player
1982 Lanisha Cole, American model
1982 Michael Turner, American football player
1983 Mike Nickeas, American baseball player
1984 Brina Palencia, American voice actress
1986 Zach Condon, American singer-songwriter (Beirut)
1997 Prince Michael Jackson I, American actor
942 Muhammad ibn Ra'iq, Islamic military officer
1130 Pope Honorius II
1199 Stefan Nemanja, Serbian saint (b. 1113)
1542 Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford, English assistant to Catherine Howard (b. 1505)
1542 Catherine Howard, English wife of Henry VIII of England (b. 1521)
1602 Alexander Nowell, English Puritan theologian and clergyman who served as dean of St Paul’s during much of Elizabeth I’s reign, (b. ca. 1507).
1662 Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (b. 1596)
1728 Cotton Mather, English-American minister and author (b. 1663)
1813 Samuel Ashe , English-American politician, 9th Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)
1818 George Rogers Clark, English-American general (b. 1752)
1888 Jean-Baptiste Lamy, French-American archbishop (b. 1814)
1908 David Hesser, American water polo player (b. 1884)
1940 Rufus H. McDaniel (b. 29 January 1850), American clergyman in the Christian Church. Wrote "Since Jesus Came into My Heart."
1951 Lloyd C. Douglas, 74, American Congregational clergyman and novelist. He published his first religious novel "Magnificent Obsession" in 1929, followed later by "The Robe" (1942) and "The Big Fisherman" (1948). (b. 1877)
1958 Christabel Pankhurst, English activist, co-founded the Women's Social and Political Union (b. 1880)
1968 Mae Marsh, American actress (b. 1895)
1976 Lily Pons, French-American soprano and actress (b. 1904)
1980 David Janssen, American actor (b. 1931)
1984 Roland Bainton (b. 30 March 1894), British born American Protestant church historian. Wrote Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther, The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century, Women of the Reformation in France and England, and Women of the Reformation in Germany and Italy
1989 Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)
1996 Martin Balsam, American actor (b. 1919)
1997 Robert Klark Graham, American businessman (b. 1906)
2000 James Cooke Brown, American sociologist and author (b. 1921)
2002 Waylon Jennings, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Highwaymen) (b. 1937)
2003 Walt Whitman Rostow, American economist and politician, 7th United States National Security Advisor (b. 1916)
2005 Nelson Briles, American baseball player (b. 1943)
2005 Dick Weber, American bowler (b. 1929)
2007 Charlie Norwood, American politician (b. 1941)
2008 Roger Voisin, French-American trumpet player (b. 1918)
2008 Lawrence King (b.1993), murdered at his school by fellow classmate.
2010 Lucille Clifton, American poet (b. 1936)
2010 Dale Hawkins, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1936)
2012 Russell Arms, American actor and singer (b. 1920)
2012 Louise Cochrane, American-English screenwriter and producer (b. 1918)
2012 Daniel C. Gerould, American playwright and academic (b. 1928)
2012 Freddie Solomon, American football player (b. 1953)
2013 John Holt, American football player (b. 1959)
2014 Piero D'Inzeo, American horse rider (b. 1923)
2014 Marty Thau, American record producer, founded Red Star Records (b. 1938)
2014 Ralph Waite, American actor and director (b. 1928)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Catherine de Ricci
Beatrice of Ornacieux
Ermenilda of Ely
Polyeuctus (Roman Catholic church)
Castor of Karden (Roman Catholic church)
Absalom Jones (Episcopal Church (USA))
February 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Apostles and martyrs Aquila and his wife Priscilla (1st century)
Venerable Martinian of Caesarea in Palestine (5th century)
Venerable Stephen (monastic name Simeon) the Myrrhgusher, Prince of Serbia (1200)
Venerable Zoe, holy woman, and the virgin Photina (5th century)
Saint Modomnoc, Bishop of Ossory in Ireland
Saint Eulogius of Alexandria, archbishop (607)
Saint Joseph of Volokolamsk
Repose of Archbishop George Konnissky of Belarus (1795)
Repose of Abbess Seraphima of Sezenovo (1877)