February 4 Feb 3, 2015 22:54:36 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Feb 3, 2015 22:54:36 GMT -5
February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 330 days remaining until the end of the year
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
Portrait of Emperor Julian on a bronze coin from Antioch minted in 360-363
362 Roman Emperor Julian (331–363) promulgated an edict that recognized equal rights to all the religions in the Roman Empire.
634 Battle of Dathin: Rashidun forces under Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan defeat the Christian Arabs around Gaza (Palestine).
1169 A strong earthquake struck the Ionian coast of Sicily, causing tens of thousands of injuries and deaths, especially in Catania. Catania was almost completely destroyed. The Cathedral collapsed killing the Bishop John of Ajello, 44 of the Benedictine monks, and many others who were crowded into the building for the feast of St. Agatha. Great damage was also caused to Lentini, Modica, Aci Castello, Sortino and Syracuse
1442 The bull Cantate Domino expressing agreement between the Roman Catholic Church and the Coptic Church at the Council of Florence was issued by Pope Eugene IV (1383–1447).
1454 In the Thirteen Years' War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master.
1555 John Rogers (b. ca. 1505), clergyman, Bible translator and commentator, the first Protestant martyr under Queen Mary I of England (1516–1558), was burned at the stake for heresy at Smithfield, England on Monday morning,. Among the onlookers who encouraged him were his own children. What monstrous crime had earned him this cruel death?
Born about 1500, Rogers was educated at Cambridge. He became a Catholic priest and accepted a position in the church at the time that the Protestant Reformation was in full swing. His conscience told him that certain teachings of his established Church were wrong and he resigned, moving to Antwerp, Holland, where he ministered to English merchants.
In Holland, he became friends with William Tyndale, a reformer who was translating the Bible into English. Tyndale converted Rogers to Protestant views and Rogers married. Nine months later, Tyndale went to prison; he would be executed as a heretic. But Tyndale left a precious manuscript in John Rogers's keeping. This was his English translation of the books from Joshua to Chronicles which had not yet been printed.
Rogers was determined to see that Tyndale's valuable work was not lost. For the next twelve months he labored to put together a complete Bible. Its text was based on Tyndale and Coverdale, and its two thousand notes were borrowed from the writings of dozens of different reformers who were active on the Continent.
Tyndale had been declared a heretic, and his name could not go on the Bible. Rogers could not honestly claim the work as his own, and so he used a pseudonym--Thomas Matthews. When Bishop Cranmer saw a copy of the new Bible, he was so excited that he asked Chancellor Thomas Cromwell to see if the king would license it. Henry VIII did, and the Matthew Bible became the first officially authorized version in the English language.
After sickly Edward VI became king of England, John Rogers returned from the continent, fetching his wife to England. He was given high positions in the Church of England. Regretably, he was one of those who agreed to burn poor, insane Joan of Kent to death (some of her claims were blasphemous). He was urged to show her mercy because some day he might need it himself, but did not listen.
Edward VI died. Mary, a Roman Catholic, became queen. John Rogers preached a stirring message, urging his congregation to remain loyal to Reformation principles. Mary's Catholic bishops questioned him about this sermon, but he answered well and was released.
However, when a Catholic was appointed to speak at Paul's Cross, churchgoers rioted. The Mayor was present and could not restore order. The mob attacked Bishop Bonner, an eminent supporter of Queen Mary. Rogers shouted to the crowd to calm down and helped hustle Bonner to safety. Although no harm was done, the Queen's council was upset. They instructed the Mayor to prove he could keep order, or said he must give up his office. The Mayor arrested Rogers, the one who had saved Bonner's life. Rogers spent over a year in prison, questioned several times about his beliefs by Lord Chancellor Stephen Gardiner.
According to Foxe's Book of Martyrs, when the sentence of death was passed, Rogers begged Gardiner to let him speak a few words to his wife. Gardiner refused, telling Rogers he was not legally married because he had once been a priest. However, as Rogers walked to the stake, singing psalms, he saw his wife at the roadside, holding their youngest baby, whom he had never met.
At the stake, Rogers was offered a pardon if only he would recant his beliefs and return to the Catholic church. He refused. The fire was lit and Rogers washed his hands in the flames as though he did not feel them. He was the first of many martyrs in Mary's reign.
1576 Henry of Navarre (1553–1610) converted to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France.
Graves of the forty-seven Rōnin at Sengaku-ji
1703 In Edo (now Tokyo), 46 of the Forty-seven Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master's death.
1789 George Washington is unanimously elected as the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College.
1797 The Riobamba earthquake strikes Ecuador, causing up to 40,000 casualties.
1801 John Marshall is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.
1810 The Cumberland Presbyterian Church, which had been in existence since 10 January 1810, formed an independent presbytery headed by three pastors.
1825 The Ohio Legislature authorizes the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal and the Miami and Erie Canal.
1846 The first Mormon pioneers make their exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois, westward towards Salt Lake Valley.
Book of Esther
1859 The Codex Sinaiticus discovered by Konstantin von Tischendorf in Saint Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai.in Egypt.
1861 American Civil War: In Montgomery, Alabama, delegates from six break-away U.S. states meet and form the Confederate States of America.
1899 The Philippine–American War begins with the Battle of Manila.
1932 Second Sino-Japanese War: Harbin, Manchuria, falls to Japan.
1936 Radium becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
1940 The first foreign Lutheran Hour broadcast took place.
1941 The United Service Organization (USO) is created to entertain American troops.
1945 World War II: Santo Tomas Internment Camp is liberated from Japanese authority.
1945 World War II: The Yalta Conference between the "Big Three" (Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin) opens at the Livadia Palace in the Crimea.
1945 World War II: The British Indian Army and Imperial Japanese Army begin a series of battles known as the Battle of Pokoku and Irrawaddy River operations.
1948 Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth.
1966 All Nippon Airways Flight 60 plunges into Tokyo Bay, killing 133.
1967 Lunar Orbiter program: Lunar Orbiter 3 lifts off from Cape Canaveral's Launch Complex 13 on its mission to identify possible landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo spacecraft.
1969 Yasser Arafat takes over as chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
1974 The Symbionese Liberation Army kidnaps Patty Hearst in Berkeley, California.
1974 M62 coach bombing: The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb on a bus carrying off-duty British Armed Forces personnel in Yorkshire, England. Nine soldiers and three civilians are killed
1976 In Guatemala and Honduras an earthquake kills more than 22,000.
1977 A Chicago Transit Authority elevated train rear-ends another and derails, killing 11 and injuring 180, the worst accident in the agency's history.
1980 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini names Abolhassan Banisadr as president of Iran.
1992 A coup d'état is led by Hugo Chávez against Venezuelan President Carlos Andrés Pérez.
1996 Major snowstorm paralyzes Midwestern United States, Milwaukee, Wisconsin and ties all-time record low temperature at −26 °F (−32.2 °C)
1997 En route to Lebanon, two Israeli Sikorsky CH-53 troop-transport helicopters collide in mid-air over northern Galilee, Israel killing 73.
1997 After at first contesting the results, Serbian President Slobodan Milošević recognizes opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.
1998 An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.
1999 Unarmed West African immigrant Amadou Diallo is shot dead by four plainclothes New York City police officers on an unrelated stake-out, inflaming race-relations in the city.
2003 The Bengali Hindus declares the independence of the Republic of Bangabhumi from Bangladesh.
2003 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is officially renamed Serbia and Montenegro and adopts a new constitution.
2004 Facebook, a mainstream online social networking site, is founded by Mark Zuckerberg.
1746 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-American general. Polish military engineer and a military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Belarus, and the United States. He fought in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth's struggles against Russia and Prussia, and on the American side in the American Revolutionary War. As Supreme Commander of the Polish National Armed Forces, he led the 1794 Kościuszko Uprising. (d. 1817)
1790 John Bachman, Lutheran pastor at Charleston, South Carolina, social activist and naturalist who collaborated with J.J. Audubon to produce Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America and whose writings, particularly Unity of the Human Race, were influential in the development of the theory of evolution. He helped to found Newberry College. Several species of animals are named in his honor., at Rhinebeck, New York (d. 24 February 1874).
1831 Oliver Ames, American politician, 35th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
1856 Robert Dick Wilson, American philologist, linguist and Presbyterian scholar who devoted his life to prove the reliability of the Hebrew Bible. In his quest to determine the accuracy of the original manuscripts, Wilson learned 45 languages, including Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek, as well as all the languages into which the Scriptures had been translated up to 600 AD. in Indiana, Pennsylvania (d. 11 October 1930).
1873 George Bennard, American-Methodist evangelist, was born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 10 October 1958 in Michigan). Wrote "The Old Rugged Cross."
1877 Eddie Cochems, American football player (d. 1953)
1902 Charles Lindbergh, American pilot and activist (d. 1974)
1903 Alexander Imich, Polish-American chemist, parapsychologist, and academic (d. 2014)
1904 MacKinlay Kantor, American author and screenwriter (d. 1977)
1906 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German Lutheran theologian who led the opposition to Nazification of the German Protestant Church, was born in Breslau, Germany (d. 9 April 1945).
Tombaugh at his family's farm with his homemade telescope (1928)
1906 Clyde Tombaugh, American astronomer, discovered Pluto (d. 1997)
Erich Leinsdorf conducting Czech Philharmonic, Dvořák Hall, Prague, Czech Republic, 23 June 1988.
Erich Leinsdorf / Boston Symphony Orchestra - MAHLER: Symphony No.1
1912 Erich Leinsdorf, Austrian-American conductor (d. 1993)
1912 Byron Nelson, American golfer (d. 2006)
1913 Rosa Parks, American activist (d. 2005)
1915 Ray Evans, American songwriter (d. 2007)
1915 William Talman, American actor (d. 1968)
1918 Porky Chedwick, American radio host (d. 2014)
1921 Betty Friedan, American author and activist (d. 2006)
1921 Lotfi A. Zadeh, Iranian-American mathematician and computer scientist
1922 A. R. Shaw, American educator and politician (d. 2013)
1922 Bernard Kalb American journalist, media critic and author.
1923 Conrad Bain, Canadian-American actor (d. 2013)
1923 James Dibble, Australian journalist (d. 2010)
1923 Joan Vollmer, American author (d. 1951)
1924 Janet Waldo, American actress
1925 Russell Hoban, American author and illustrator (d. 2011)
1925 Stanley Karnow, American journalist and historian (d. 2013)
1927 Rolf Landauer, German-American physicist (d. 1999)
1929 Jerry Adler, American actor, director, and producer
1930 Arthur E. Chase, American businessman and politician (d. 2015)
1931 Isabel Martínez de Perón, Argentinian politician, 41st President of Argentina
1933 Shirley Burkovich, American baseball player
1933 Leo Lewis, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
1935 Collin Wilcox Paxton, American actress (d. 2009)
1936 David Brenner, American comedian, actor, and author (d. 2014)
1936 Gary Conway, American actor and screenwriter
1937 David Newman, American director and screenwriter (d. 2003)
1938 Donald W. Riegle, Jr., American politician
1939 Stan Lundine, American politician
1940 George A. Romero, American director and producer
1940 John Schuck, American actor
1943 Ken Thompson, American computer scientist, co-developed the B programming language
1944 Florence LaRue, American singer and actress (The 5th Dimension)
1945 Ron Cerrudo, American golfer
1947 Dennis C. Blair, American admiral, 3rd Director of National Intelligence
1947 Dan Quayle, American politician, 44th Vice President of the United States
1948 Alice Cooper, American singer-songwriter and actor
1948 Rod Grams, American journalist and politician (d. 2013)
1949 Michael Beck, American actor
1951 Phil Ehart, American drummer (Kansas)
1951 Stan Papi, American baseball player
1952 Lisa Eichhorn, American actress and producer
1954 Al Javier, Dominican baseball player
1956 Randy Sidler, American football player
1957 Don Davis, American composer and conductor
1957 Evan Wolfson, American lawyer and activist
1959 Pamelyn Ferdin, American actress
1959 Lawrence Taylor, American football player
1960 Mark Dawson, English-American talent manager and producer
1960 Jenette Goldstein, American actress
1960 Jonathan Larson, American composer and playwright (d. 1996)
1961 Stewart O'Nan, American author
1962 Clint Black, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1963 Noodles, American guitarist (The Offspring)
1965 Jerome Brown, American football player (d. 1992)
1969 Brandy Ledford, American actress and model
1971 Eric Garcetti, American lieutenant and politician, 42nd Mayor of Los Angeles
1971 Rob Corddry, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1971 Michael A. Goorjian, American actor
1973 Oscar De La Hoya, American boxer
1976 Cam'ron, American rapper and actor (The Diplomats, The U.N., and Children of the Corn)
1977 Gavin DeGraw, American singer-songwriter
1981 Allen Forrest, American rapper and producer
1981 Ben Hendrickson, American baseball player
1981 Jason Kapono, America basketball player
1982 Chris Sabin, American wrestler
1982 Kimberly Wyatt, American singer-songwriter and dancer (Pussycat Dolls and Her Majesty & The Wolves)
1983 Lee Stempniak, American ice hockey player
1985 Bug Hall, American actor
1986 Vin Gerard, American wrestler
1988 Carly Patterson, American gymnast
708 Pope Sisinnius (b. 650)
1794 Benjamin Henkel, early American Lutheran pastor, (b. ca. 1765). He was the son of Jacob Henkel and the brother of Paul Henkel.
1944 Cleland B. McAfee (b. 25 September 1866), American Presbyterian clergyman and theologian, Wrote "Near to the Heart of God"
1958 Henry Kuttner, American author (b. 1915)
1963 Fred Albert Shannon, American historian and author (b. 1893)
1966 Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, Turkish-American journalist (b. 1875)
1967 Albert Orsborn, American 6th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1886)
1968 Neal Cassady, American author (b. 1926)
1975 Howard Hill, American archer (b. 1899)
1975 Louis Jordan, American singer-songwriter and saxophonist (Tympany Five) (b. 1908)
1977 Brett Halliday, American author (b. 1904)
1983 Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer (The Carpenters) (b. 1950)
1984 Patrick Nagel, American painter and illustrator (b. 1945)
1987 Liberace, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (b. 1919)
1987 Carl Rogers, American psychologist (b. 1902)
1990 Whipper Billy Watson, Canadian-American wrestler (b. 1915)
1993 Connie Saylor, American race car driver (b. 1940)
1995 Patricia Highsmith, American author (b. 1921)
2000 Carl Albert, American lawyer and politician, 54th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1908)
2000 Doris Coley, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1941)
2000 Phil Tonken, American voice actor (b. 1919)
2001 J. J. Johnson, American trombonist and composer (b. 1924)
2002 George Nader, American actor (b. 1921)
2005 Ossie Davis, American actor, director, and playwright (b. 1917)
2006 Betty Friedan, American author and activist (b. 1921)
2006 Myron Waldman, American animator (b. 1908)
2007 Steve Barber, American baseball player (b. 1938)
2007 Barbara McNair, American singer and actress (b. 1934)
2007 Phil Lucas (1942 – February 4, 2007) American filmmaker of mostly Native American themes. He acted, wrote, produced, directed or edited more than 100 films/documentaries or television programs starting as early as 1979 when he wrote/co-produced and co-directed Images of Indians for PBS - a five-part series exploring the problem of Indian stereotypes as portrayed and perpetuated by Hollywood Westerns. Born in Phoenix, Arizona, United States to the Choctaw Native American Nation, by his twenties Lucas was a musician in New York but giving up alcohol drove him to leave for Central America where he took up photography and work for advertising agencies. In the early- to mid-1960s Lucas became a member of the Bahá'í Faith and contributed songs such as Mount Your Steeds, O Heroes of God! and World Citizen, among other songs on an LP record re-released as a CD Fire & Snow. He also spoke at least one Bahá'í Conference . Lucas returned to the American West and took up filmmaking after surviving the 1972 earthquake in Managua, Nicaragua.
2007 Jules Olitski, Ukrainian-American painter and sculptor (b. 1922)
2008 Augusta Dabney, American actress (b. 1918)
2009 Lux Interior, American singer-songwriter (The Cramps) (b. 1946)
2010 Helen Tobias-Duesberg, Estonian-American composer (b. 1919)
2010 Phillip Martin (March 13, 1926 – February 4, 2010) Native American political leader, the democratically elected Tribal Chief of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians. This federally recognized American Indian tribe has 8,300 enrolled members living on or near 30,000 acres (120 km²) of reservation land in east central Mississippi. Martin had a 40-year record of service to the Tribal government, including 32 years as the Tribe's principal elected official. Chief Martin left office in 2007 after the election of Miko Beasley Denson.
2011 Woodie Fryman, American baseball player (b. 1940)
2012 Robert Daniel, American farmer, soldier, and politician (b. 1936)
2012 Mike deGruy, American director, producer, and cinematographer (b. 1951)
2013 Donald Byrd, American trumpet player (b. 1932)
2013 Margaret Frazer, American author (b. 1946)
2013 P. W. Underwood, American football player and coach (b. 1931)
2013 Essie Mae Washington-Williams, American educator and author (b. 1925)
2014 Keith Allen, Canadian-American ice hockey player, coach, and manager (b. 1923)
2014 Hazel Sampson, American linguist and activist (b. 1910)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Gilbert of Sempringham
John de Brito
February 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Venerable Isidore of Pelusium (436)
Blessed George of Vladimir, Great Prince (1238)
Venerable Cyril, abbot and wonderworker of Novoezersk in Novgorod (1532)
Saint Nicholas the Confessor, abbot of the Studion (868)
Martyr Jadorus (3rd century)
Hieromartyr Abramius of Arbela in Assyria (344)
Saint John of Hirenopolis, bishop (4th century)
Venerable Abraham and Corpius, monks of Pechenga in Vologda (15th century)
Martyr Joseph of Aleppo (1686)
Repose of the Royal Recluse Dosithea of Moscow (1810)
Earliest day on which Ash Wednesday can fall, while March 10 is the latest; celebrated on the first day of Lent (Christianity)