February 3 Feb 2, 2015 21:36:13 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Feb 2, 2015 21:36:13 GMT -5
February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 331 days remaining until the end of the year.
This day marks the approximate midpoint of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and of summer in the Southern Hemisphere (starting the season at the December solstice).
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
1377 More than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops (Cesena Bloodbath).
1451 Sultan Mehmed II inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1488 Bartolomeu Dias of Portugal lands in Mossel Bay after rounding the Cape of Good Hope, becoming the first known European to travel so far south.
1509 The Portuguese navy defeats a joint fleet of the Ottoman Empire, the Republic of Venice, the Sultan of Gujarat, the Mamlûk Burji Sultanate of Egypt, the Zamorin of Calicut, and the Republic of Ragusa at the Battle of Diu in Diu, India.
1518 Pope Leo X (1475–1521) ordered Gabrielle Della Volta to discipline Martin Luther and imposed silence on the Augustinian monks in the Roman Catholic Church.
1637 Tulip mania collapses in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands) as sellers could no longer find buyers for their bulb contracts.
1690 The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in the Americas.
1744 Colonial missionary to the American Indians David Brainerd explained in a tract: 'God designs that those whom He sanctifies...shall tarry awhile in this present evil world, that their own experience of temptations may teach them how great the deliverance is, which God has wrought for them.'
1781 American Revolutionary War: British forces seize the Dutch-owned Caribbean island Sint Eustatius.
1783 American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence.
1787 Militia led by General Benjamin Lincoln crush the remnants of Shays' Rebellion in Petersham, Massachusetts.
1807 A British military force, under Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the Spanish Empire city of Montevideo, now the capital of Uruguay.
1809 The Territory of Illinois is created by the 10th United States Congress.
1834 The Baptist State Convention of North Carolina established the Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute, today known as Wake Forest University.
1863 The Christian Union was organized at Columbus, Ohio (perhaps in 1864), under the leadership of J. F. Given. It was a loose-knit denomination with each local congregation being completely self-governing. Independent congregations of Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational and United Brethren churches were involved in the organization. Although it avoided creeds, this association of churches was basically evangelical in theology and congregational in church polity. The member churches were found mostly in Ohio, Indiana and Missouri. It was composed of Protestant congregations opposed to “political preaching” during the Civil War.
1870 The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing voting rights to citizens regardless of race.
1900 Governor of Kentucky William Goebel dies of wound sustained in an assassination attempt three days earlier in Frankfort, Kentucky.
1913 The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.
1916 Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
1917 World War I: The United States breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the latter announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 The Twin Peaks Tunnel in San Francisco, California begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
George L. Fox, Alexander D. Goode, Clark V. Poling, John P. Washington
1943 The USAT Dorchester is sunk by a German U-boat. Only 230 of 902 men aboard survived. The Chapel of the Four Chaplains, dedicated by President Harry Truman, is one of many memorials established to commemorate the Four Chaplains story.
Captain Hans J. Danielsen of the Dorchester was uneasy. The coast guard had warned him that a U-boat was prowling the shipping lane off the coast of Newfoundland. As icy night fell, he ordered the troops he was ferrying to turn in with their life vests on in case the ship was torpedoed.
Many of the 902 men aboard the ship ignored the order. The hold was hot and the life jackets were too bulky to sleep in. Their disobedience cost many of them their lives. Four who obeyed the captain's command were the ship's chaplains.
Lt. George L. Fox, a Methodist; Lt. Alexander D. Goode, a Jew; Lt. John P. Washington, a Roman Catholic; and Lt. Clark V. Poling, Dutch Reformed, had befriended the homesick and seasick men of the troopship. Now they were to be put to a severe test.
At 12:55 a.m. on this day, February 3, 1943, the German U-boat launched a torpedo at the Dorchester. The bomb hit with deadly accuracy well below the water line. Many men were killed outright by the explosion. Others were flung wounded and screaming to the floor. Ammonia gas swirled through the hold, strangling others. In the darkness and cold, men struggled to find their way out. Above the din, the chaplains could be heard calming the men, comforting them, urging them to be brave and directing them where to go.
It was evident the ship could not stay afloat. The captain gave the order to abandon ship. Men scrambled for life boats, overloading them. On deck, the chaplains preached courage. They opened a locker with life vests and handed them to the men who needed them. Quickly the supply was exhausted. Each of the four chaplains then peeled off his own jacket and handed it to a man. "It was the finest thing I have seen or hope to see this side of heaven," said John Ladd, one of the 230 men who survived the attack.
Twenty-seven minutes after the Dorchester was struck, it sank. Survivors said the last thing they saw was the four chaplains linked arm in arm on the deck, praying. Moved by their heroism, Congress afterward marked February 3rd as "Four Chaplains Day" and issued a Special Medal of Heroism to the four, which their families received posthumously.
Christ taught us "greater love has no man than to lay down his life for his friends." We believe the four chaplains who laid down their lives received greater honor from Christ than any Congress could offer.
1944 World War II: During the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army and Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison.
1945 World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin, a raid which kills between 2,500 to 3,000 and dehouses another 120,000.
1945 World War II: The United States and the Philippine Commonwealth begin a month-long battle to retake Manila from Japan.
1947 The lowest temperature in North America, −63.9 °C (−83.0 °F), is recorded in Snag, Yukon.
1958 Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
1959 Deaths of rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa.
1960 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan speaks of "a wind of change", an increasing national consciousness blowing through colonial Africa, signalling that his Government is likely to support decolonisation.
1961 The United States Air Forces begins Operation Looking Glass, and over the next 30 years, a "Doomsday Plane" is always in the air, with the capability of taking direct control of the United States' bombers and missiles in the event of the destruction of the SAC's command post.
1966 The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
1969 In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
1971 New York Police Officer Frank Serpico is shot during a drug bust in Brooklyn and survives to later testify against police corruption. Many believe the incident proves that NYPD officers tried to kill him.
1972 The first day of the seven-day 1972 Iran blizzard, which would kill at least 4,000 people, making it the deadliest snowstorm in history.
1984 John Buster and the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announce history's first embryo transfer, from one woman to another resulting in a live birth.
1984 Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B is launched using Space Shuttle Challenger.
1985 In South Africa, Desmond Tutu, 53, became Johannesburg's first black Anglican bishop.
1989 After a stroke two weeks previously, South African President P. W. Botha resigns as leader of the National Party, but stays on as president for six more months.
1995 Astronaut Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to pilot the Space Shuttle as mission STS-63 gets underway from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
1998 Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas, becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
1998 Cavalese cable car disaster: a United States Military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
2007 A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.
1747 Samuel Osgood, American soldier, 1st United States Postmaster General (d. 1813)
1805 Samuel Ryan Curtis American military officer, and one of the first Republicans elected to Congress. He was most famous for his role as a Union Army general in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War, died in 1866
1807 Joseph Eggleston Johnston, career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. (d. 1891)
1809 Felix Mendelssohn, German pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1847)
1811 Horace Greeley, American journalist and politician (d. 1872)
1821 Elizabeth Blackwell, American physician (d. 1910)
1824 Ranald MacDonald, American educator (d. 1894)
1824 George Thomas "Tige" Anderson Brigadier General (Confederate Army) during the American Civil War. Nicknamed "Tige," Anderson was noted as one of Robert E. Lee's hardest-fighting subordinates.
1824 Nathan George "Shanks" Evans captain in the 2nd U.S. Cavalry who became a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, died in 1868
1831 Cyrus Ballou Comstock Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), a career officer in the Regular Army of the United States. After graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1855, Comstock served with the Army Corps of Engineers. At the beginning of the American Civil War, he assisted with the fortification of Washington, D.C. In 1862, he was transferred to the field, eventually becoming chief engineer of the Army of the Potomac. In 1863 during the Siege of Vicksburg, he served as the chief engineer of the Army of the Tennessee, died in 1910
1832 William H. Doane, Baptist hymn writer, in Preston, Connecticut (d. 23 December 1915). He composed more than 2,200 melodies, and collaborated with Fanny Crosby, for whom he composed much music. We use his music when we sing "I Am Thine, 0 Lord," "Take the Name of Jesus With You" and "Rescue the Perishing" to name but a few.
1842 Sidney Lanier, American composer and poet (d. 1881)
1843 William Cornelius Van Horne, American-Canadian businessman (d. 1915)
1862 James Clark McReynolds, American lawyer and judge (d. 1946)
1872 Lou Criger, American baseball player (d. 1934)
1874 Gertrude Stein, American poet and art collector (d. 1946)
1876 William Tedmarsh, English-American actor (d. 1937)
1879 Charles Follis, a.k.a. "The Black Cyclone," 1st black professional US football player (Shelby OH) He played for the Shelby Blues of the "Ohio League" from 1902 to 1906. On September 16, 1904, Follis signed a contract with Shelby making him the first black contracted to play professional football. He was also the first black catcher to move from college baseball onto a black professional baseball team.[
1883 Clarence Mulford Illinois, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
1888 Blanche Kerr Brock, who with her husband, Virgil, formed one of the best-loved Gospel hymn writing and singing teams in America in the early part of the twentieth century, (d. 3 January 1958).
1894 Norman Rockwell, American painter and illustrator (d. 1978)
1895 Nick Kenny Astoria New York NY, columnist/songwriter/poet (Nick Kenny Show)
1899 Forrest "Red" DeBernardi basketball hall of famer (elected 1961)
1900 Mabel Mercer, English-American singer (d. 1984)
1903 Joe Stripp, American baseball player (d. 1989)
1904 Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (d. 1934)
1905 Arne Beurling, Swedish-American mathematician (d. 1986)
1907 James Michener, American author (d. 1997)
1911 Jesse Thomas American Texas blues guitarist and singer. Known at different times as "Baby Face" or "Mule", and occasionally billed as "The Blues Troubadour", Jesse Thomas popped up all over the blues map in his eight decade career. (d August 15, 1995)
1911 Robert Earl Jones, American actor (d. 2006)
1914 Mary Carlisle, American actress and singer
1918 Joey Bishop, American actor (d. 2007)
1918 Helen Stephens, American runner, a double Olympic champion in 1936 (d. 1994)
1918 Bibi Osterwald (born Margaret Virginia Osterwald; d January 2, 2002) American character actress.
1920 Russell Arms, American actor and singer (d. 2012)
1920 Henry Heimlich, American physician, inventor (Heimlich maneuver)
1922 Bill Chappell Jr (Representative-D-FL, 1969- 1989) (d March 30, 1989)
1925 John Fiedler, American actor (d. 2005)
1926 Shelley Berman, American actor
The Green Monster Land Speed Record car
1926 Arthur Arfons auto racer/designer (Green Monster 1964-536.71 MPH) (d December 3, 2007)
1926 Glen Tetley US choreographer ()
1926 J Roy Rowland (Representative-D-GA, 1983-95)
1927 Kenneth Anger, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1927 Joan Lowery Nixon, American journalist and author (d. 2003)
1929 Ken Shipp, American football player and coach (d. 2012)
1932 Peggy Ann Garner, American actress (d. 1984)
1933 Paul Sarbanes, American lawyer and politician
1935 Johnny "Guitar" Watson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1996)
1936 Jim Marshall, American photographer (d. 2010)
1937 Clark H. Pinnock (d August 15, 2010) Christian theologian, apologist and author. He was Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology at McMaster Divinity College.
1938 Victor Buono, American actor (d. 1982)
1939 Michael Cimino, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1940 Fran Tarkenton, American football player
1941 Neil Bogart, American record producer, founded Casablanca Records (d. 1982)
1941 Dory Funk, Jr., American wrestler
1941 Bridget Hanley, American actress
1941 Howard Phillips, American politician (d. 2013)
1943 Blythe Danner, American actress
1943 Dennis Edwards, American singer (The Temptations and The Contours)
1945 Johnny Cymbal, Scottish-American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1993)
1945 Bob Griese, American football player
1947 Paul Auster, American author
1947 Melanie Safka, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1949 Rick Hautala, American author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
1949 Arthur Kane, American bass player (New York Dolls) (d. 2004)
1950 Morgan Fairchild, American actress
1950 John Schlitt, American singer (Petra and Head East)
1951 Michael Ruppert, American journalist and author (d. 2014)
1952 Fred Lynn, American baseball player
1955 Stephen Euin Cobb, American author
1956 John Jefferson, American football player
1956 Nathan Lane, American actor and singer
1956 Lee Ranaldo, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Sonic Youth)
1958 Joe F. Edwards, Jr., American commander, pilot, and astronaut
1958 Greg Mankiw, American economist
1959 Thomas Calabro, American actor and director
1960 Tim Chandler, American bass player (The Swirling Eddies and The Choir)
1960 Marty Jannetty, American wrestler
1960 Kerry Von Erich, American wrestler (d. 1993)
1961 Jay Adams, American skateboarder (d. 2014)
1961 Linda Eder, American singer and actress
1961 Keith Gordon, American actor and director
1962 Michele Greene, American actress and singer
1965 Kathleen Kinmont, American actress
1965 Maura Tierney, American actress
1966 Frank Coraci, American director and screenwriter
1969 Robert Pack, American basketball player
1971 Sean Dawkins, American football player
1971 Elisa Donovan, American actress
1976 Tim Heidecker, American comedian, actor, and singer
1976 Dwayne Rudd, American football player
1978 Adrian R'Mante, American actor
1978 Eliza Schneider, American actress and singer
1979 Becca Fitzpatrick, American author
1980 Sarah Lewitinn, American record producer and journalist
1981 Alisa Reyes, American actress
1982 Becky Bayless, American wrestler
1982 Jessica Harp, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Wreckers)
1982 Bridget Regan, American actress
1983 Richard Bartel, American football player
1983 Gabriel Sargissian, Armenian chess player
1986 Lucas Duda, American baseball player
1989 Julio Jones, American football player
1989 Ryne Sanborn, American actor
1990 Sean Kingston, American-Jamaican singer-songwriter
1990 Sterling Moore, American football player
1991 Nikola Hofmanova, Austrian tennis player
1991 Glenn McCuen, American actor
1992 Rory Ferreira, American hip hop musician
1451 Murad II, Ottoman sultan (b. 1404)
1468 Johannes Gutenberg, German publisher, invented the Printing press with movable type that helped the Protestant Reformation by allowing the easy dissemination of the writings of the reformers), (b. 1398)
1874 Lunalilo of Hawaii (b. 1835)
1883 Wilhelm Richard Wagner, German Director and Composer (b. 1813)
1889 Belle Starr, American outlaw (b. 1848)
1924 Woodrow Wilson, American politician, 28th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
1947 Marc Mitscher, American admiral (b. 1887)
1952 Harold L. Ickes, American politician, 32nd United States Secretary of the Interior (b. 1874)
1959 The Day the Music Died ##
The Big Bopper, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1930)
Buddy Holly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Crickets) (b. 1936)
Roger Peterson, American pilot (b. 1937)
Ritchie Valens, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1941)
1961 Anna May Wong, American actress (b. 1905)
1975 William D. Coolidge, American physicist (b. 1873)
1985 Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
1989 John Cassavetes, American actor (b. 1929)
1989 Lionel Newman, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1916)
1991 Harry Ackerman, American television producer (b. 1912)
1991 Nancy Kulp, American actress (b. 1921)
1996 Audrey Meadows, American actress (b. 1922)
1998 Fat Pat, American rapper (Screwed Up Click) (b. 1970)
1998 Karla Faye Tucker, American murderer (b. 1959)
1999 Gwen Guthrie, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1950)
2003 Lana Clarkson, American actress and model (b. 1962)
2004 Jason Raize, American actor (b. 1975)
2005 Andreas Makris, Greek-American composer and violinist (b. 1930)
2006 Al Lewis, American actor (b. 1923)
2010 Clark H. Pinnock (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, February 3, 1937 – August 15, 2010) was a Christian theologian, apologist and author. He was Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology at McMaster Divinity College.
2010 Dick McGuire American basketball player and coach (b. 1926)
2010 Frances Reid, American actress (b. 1914)
2011 Ron Piché, Canadian baseball player (b. 1935)
2012 Ben Gazzara, American actor and director (b. 1930)
2012 Terence Hildner, American general (b. 1962)
2012 Zalman King, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1942)
2013 B. H. Born, American basketball player (b. 1932)
2013 Cardiss Collins, American politician (b. 1931)
2013 John Michael D'Arcy, American bishop (b. 1932)
2013 Steve Demeter, American baseball player (b. 1935)
2013 James Muri, American pilot (b. 1918)
2014 Louise Brough, American tennis player (b. 1923)
2014 Richard Bull, American actor (b. 1924)
2014 Louan Gideon, American actress (b. 1955)
2014 Gloria Leonard, American porn actress (b. 1940)
2014 Joan Mondale, American wife of Walter Mondale, 32nd Second Lady of the United States (b. 1930)
2014 Bill Sinkin, American activist (b. 1913)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Aaron the Illustrious (Syriac Orthodox Church)
Berlinda of Meerbeke
Celsa and Nona
Dom Justo Takayama (Philippines and Japan)
Margaret of England
February 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Holy and Righteous Simeon the God-receiver and Anna the Prophetess
Prophet Azarias (10th century B.C.)
Martyrs Adrian and Eubulus at Caesarea in Cappadocia (308, 309)
Martyrs Pappias, Diodorus, and Claudianus at Perge in Pamphylia (250)
Martyr Blaise of Caesarea in Cappadocia (3rd century)
Saint Symeon of Tver, first bishop there (1289)
Saint Ansgar of Hamburg, bishop and enlightener of Denmark and Sweden
Saint Romanus of Uglich, prince (1285)
Martyrs Stamatius, his brother John, and Nicholas
Saint Nicholas of Japan, archbishop (1912)
Saint James of Serbia, archbishop
Repose of Schemamonk Paul of Simonov Monastery, disciple of Saint Paisius Velich (1825)
Repose of Hieromonk Isidore of Gethsemane Skete in Moscow (1908)
Day of the Virgin of Suyapa (Honduras)
Earliest day on which Shrove Tuesday can fall, while March 9 is the latest; celebrated on Tuesday before Ash Wednesday (Christianity)
George L. Fox, Alexander D. Goode, Clark V. Poling, John P. Washington
Four Chaplains Day (United States, also considered a Feast Day by the Episcopal Church)