January 27 Jan 25, 2015 14:45:07 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Jan 25, 2015 14:45:07 GMT -5
January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 338 days remaining until the end of the year
Days left until elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
98 Trajan succeeded his adoptive father Nerva as Roman emperor; under his rule the Roman Empire would reach its maximum extent.
A 17th century Calvinist print depicting Pelagius. The caption says:
"Accurst Pelagius, with what false pretence
Durst thou excuse Man's foul Concupiscence,
Or cry down Sin Originall, or that
The Love of GOD did Man predestinate."
417 Pelagius (ca. 354–ca. 420/440), a British monk, was excommunicated for heresy. He denied original sin and claimed that people could become righteous by the exercise of free will.
Detail of a contemporary portrait in the Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna.
537 Byzantine Emperor Justinian (482–565) dedicated the Church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople.
661 The Rashidun Caliphate ends with the death of Ali.
1186 Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, marries Constance of Sicily.
1302 Dante Alighieri, the poet and politician is exiled from Florence, Italy, where he served as one of six priors governing the city.
1343 Pope Clement VI issues the papal bull Unigenitus to justify the power of the pope and the use of indulgences. Nearly 200 years later, Martin Luther would protest this.
1377 The Papal See was moved back to Rome by Pope Gregory XI (ca. 1336–1378) after having been located in Avignon, France, for seventy-two years.
Bronze statue of Giordano Bruno by Ettore Ferrari , Campo de' Fiori, Rome
1593 The Vatican opened a seven-year trial against Giordano Bruno (1548–1600), an Italian philosopher, priest, cosmologist and occultist and an early proponent of the idea of an infinite and homogeneous universe. He was burnt at the stake as a heretic by the Roman Inquisition.
A contemporary engraving of eight of the thirteen conspirators, by Crispijn van de Passe. Fawkes is third from the right.
1606 Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, ending with their execution on January 31.
1695 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his abdication in 1703.
1774 Pioneer American Methodist bishop Francis Asbury wrote in his journal: 'If my labours should be in vain for the people, the Lord gives me a gracious reward in my own soul.'
1776 American Revolutionary War: Henry Knox's "noble train of artillery" arrives in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The noble train of artillery, also known as the Knox Expedition, was an expedition led by Continental Army Colonel Henry Knox to transport heavy weaponry that had been captured at Fort Ticonderoga to the Continental Army camps outside Boston, Massachusetts during the winter of 1775–1776.
An ox team hauling Ticonderoga's guns
1785 The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States. The previous year, the assembly had set aside 40,000 acres from which they planned to earn the money they would need to endow such an institution. In 1786, the future university's board of trustees met for the first time in Augusta, Georgia, choosing Yale University alumnus Abraham Baldwin as president and drafting the school's charter. In 1801, John Milledge, future governor of Georgia, donated 633 acres along the Oconee River in what is now Athens to serve as the site of the new university. Three years later, the school graduated its first class.
In its first incarnation, the new institution was named Franklin College, in honor of the ubiquitous Benjamin, and modeled in architecture and pedagogy after Baldwin's alma mater, Yale. An important distinction existed, however, in the founding of the two institutions. Yale was founded by Congregationalist ministers on explicitly theological grounds, while the University of Georgia--a religiously tolerant institution founded in a more religiously tolerant age--remained purposely independent of any theological affiliation.
Reflecting the trajectory of the nation as a whole, it took an additional century and a half for the university to complete a shift from religious tolerance to gender equity and racial integration. The university began admitting women in 1918, the same year President Woodrow Wilson gave his support to a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote. In 1961, after a three-year legal battle, Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes became the first African-American students to enroll at the University of Georgia.
Historic Marker in Marion, Arkansas for the Trail of Tears
1825 The U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears".
1839 Lutheran immigrants under August Ludwig Christian Kavel (1798–1860) arrived in Port Adelaide, Australia.
1870 The Kappa Alpha Theta fraternity is founded at DePauw University.
1880 Thomas Edison receives the patent on the incandescent lamp, the first light bulb.
Cover of January 1915 National Geographic
1888 The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C. for "the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge."
The 33 men who originally met and formed the National Geographic Society were a diverse group of geographers, explorers, teachers, lawyers, cartographers, military officers and financiers. All shared an interest in scientific and geographical knowledge, as well as an opinion that in a time of discovery, invention, change and mass communication, Americans were becoming more curious about the world around them. With this in mind, the men drafted a constitution and elected as the Society's president a lawyer and philanthropist named Gardiner Greene Hubbard. Neither a scientist nor a geographer, Hubbard represented the Society's desire to reach out to the layman.
Nine months after its inception, the Society published its first issue of National Geographic magazine. Readership did not grow, however, until Gilbert H. Grosvenor took over as editor in 1899. In only a few years, Grosvenor boosted circulation from 1,000 to 2 million by discarding the magazine's format of short, overly technical articles for articles of general interest accompanied by photographs. National Geographic quickly became known for its stunning and pioneering photography, being the first to print natural-color photos of sky, sea and the North and South Poles.
The Society used its revenues from the magazine to sponsor expeditions and research projects that furthered humanity's understanding of natural phenomena. In this role, the National Geographic Society has been instrumental in making possible some of the great achievements in exploration and science. To date, it has given out more than 1,400 grants, funding that helped Robert Peary journey to the North Pole, Richard Byrd fly over the South Pole, Jacques Cousteau delve into the sea and Jane Goodall observe wild chimpanzees, among many other projects.
Today, the National Geographic Society is one of the world's largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions. National Geographic continues to sell as a glossy monthly, with a circulation of around 9 million. The Society also sees itself as a guardian of the planet's natural resources, and in this capacity, focuses on ways to broaden its reach and educate its readers about the unique relationship that humans have with the earth.
1939 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Developed to a United States Army Air Corps requirement, the P-38 had distinctive twin booms and a single, central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. Named "fork-tailed devil" (der Gabelschwanz-Teufel) by the Luftwaffe and "two planes, one pilot" (2飛行機、1パイロット Ni hikōki, ippairotto?) by the Japanese, the P-38 was used in a number of roles, including interception, dive bombing, level bombing, ground-attack, night fighting, photo reconnaissance, radar and visual pathfinding for bombers, and evacuation missions, and extensively as a long-range escort fighter when equipped with drop tanks under its wings.
1943 World War II: The VIII Bomber Command dispatched ninety-one B-17s and B-24s to attack the U-Boat construction yards at Wilhelmshaven, Germany. This was the first American bombing attack on Germany of the war.
Leningraders on Nevsky Prospect during the siege, 1942
1944 World War II: The 900-day Siege of Leningrad is lifted. On this day, Soviet forces permanently break the Leningrad siege line, ending the almost 900-day German-enforced containment of the city, which cost hundreds of thousands of Russian lives.
The siege began officially on September 8, 1941. The people of Leningrad began building antitank fortifications and succeeded in creating a stable defense of the city, but as a result were cut off from all access to vital resources in the Soviet interior, Moscow specifically. In 1942, an estimated 650,000 Leningrad citizens perished from starvation, disease, exposure, and injuries suffered from continual German artillery bombardment.
Barges offered occasional relief in the summer and ice-borne sleds did the same in the winter. Slowly but surely a million of Leningrad's young, sick, and elderly residents were evacuated, leaving about 2 million to ration available food and use all open ground to plant vegetables.
On January 12, Soviet defenses punctured the siege, ruptured the German encirclement, and allowed more supplies to come in along Lake Ladoga. The siege officially ended after 872 days (though it is often called the 900-day siege), after a Soviet counteroffensive pushed the Germans westward.
Young survivors at the camp, liberated by the Red Army in January 1945
1945 World War II: The Red Army liberates the remained inmates of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp built by the Nazi Germans on the territory of Poland.
1951 Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat.
"Whiskey Twin Cylinder" submarine
1961 Soviet submarine S-80 sinks with all hands lost.
Grissom, White, and Chaffee pose in front of their Apollo/Saturn IB space vehicle on the launch pad, ten days before a cabin fire that claimed their lives
1967 Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of their Apollo 1 spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida.
1967 The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Outer Space Treaty in Washington, D.C., banning deployment of nuclear weapons in space, and limiting use of the Moon and other celestial bodies to peaceful purposes.
1972 In Columbia, the white and black United Methodist conferences of South Carolina -- separated since the Civil War -- voted in their respective meetings to adopt a plan of union.
Colonel William Nolde
1973 The Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War. Colonel William Nolde is killed in action becoming the conflict's last recorded American combat casualty.
1974 The Brisbane River breaches its banks causing the largest flood to affect the city of Brisbane in the 20th century.
Americans were grateful for Canadian efforts to rescue American diplomats during the Iran hostage crisis.
1980 Through cooperation between the U.S. and Canadian governments, six American diplomats secretly escape hostilities in Iran in the culmination of the Canadian Caper.
Train approaching Tappi-Kaitei Station, in July 2008
1983 The pilot shaft of the Seikan Tunnel, the world's longest sub-aqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō, breaks through.
Jackson performing in Vienna, Austria in June 1988
1984 Pop singer Michael Jackson suffers second degree burns to his scalp during the filming of a Pepsi commercial in the Shrine Auditorium.
1993 American-born sumo wrestler Akebono Tarō becomes the first foreigner to be promoted to the sport's highest rank of yokozuna.
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Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara
1996 In a military coup Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane.
1996 Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
2002 An accidental explosion at a military storage facility in Lagos, Nigeria, kills at least 1,100 people and displaces over 20,000 others.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech was one of the 50 recordings added on the first year of existence of the United States National Recording Registry.
2003 The first selections for the National Recording Registry are announced by the Library of Congress.
Castle-Hughes at a press conference for The Vintner's Luck, September 2009
2004 Thirteen-year-old Keisha Castle-Hughes nominated for Best Actress Oscar. On this day in 2004, the actress Sigourney Weaver joins Frank Pierson, president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, to announce the 76th annual Academy Award nominations.
Weaver was a three-time Oscar nominee herself (twice for Best Actress, for 1986’s Aliens and 1988’s Gorillas in the Mist and for Best Supporting Actress in 1988’s Working Girl). She and Pierson announced the nominations, which were chosen by the Academy’s 5,803 members by mail-in ballot, before 400 members of the international media at a 5:30 a.m. news conference in Los Angeles.
In addition to the 11 nominations racked up by Peter Jackson’s trilogy-ending The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, undoubtedly one of the leading stories to come out of that year’s nominations was the Best Actress nod given to Keisha Castle-Hughes, the 13-year-old star of the independent film Whale Rider and the youngest actress ever to be nominated in the category. (The youngest winner of a contended Academy Award was 10-year-old Tatum O’Neal, who collected a Best Supporting Actress Oscar for 1973’s Paper Moon.) Born in Western Australia to a Maori mother and an Australian father, Castle-Hughes moved with her family to New Zealand when she was an infant. While attending primary school in Wellington, the 11-year-old was spotted by the Whale Rider casting director. She was later chosen from among several hundred young girls to play Paikea, the heroine of the film.
Directed by Niki Caro, Whale Rider told the story of Pai, the only grandchild of a tribal leader who resents her for not being the first-born son who can traditionally inherit the leadership role. Named for the tribe’s ancient ancestor, who as legend has it rode into town on the back of a whale, Pai must overcome the tribe’s chauvinism and her grandfather’s animosity and prove herself as the tribe’s rightful leader. The film became one of the year’s biggest independent hits at the U.S. box office, and Castle-Hughes won raves for her precociously nuanced performance, culminating in the historic Oscar nomination. Though she eventually lost the Best Actress statuette to Charlize Theron (Monster), the nomination marked her arrival on the Hollywood scene. She soon appeared in the controversial video for Prince’s song Cinnamon Girl, in which she played an Arab-American girl who dreams of carrying out a suicide bomb attack on an airport after she is victimized in the aftermath of 9/11.
In 2005, Castle-Hughes played the Queen of Naboo in Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith and the following year she starred as Mary in The Nativity Story. She gave birth to a baby girl, Felicity-Amore, in the spring of 2007; the father is Bradley Hull, her boyfriend of several years. Castle-Hughes promptly returned to film work, starring opposite Toni Collette in Hey, Hey, It’s Esther Blueburger (2007) and reteaming with Caro for a second collaboration, Vintner’s Luck (2009).
2006 Western Union discontinues its Telegram and Commercial Messaging services.
2010 The 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis ends when Porfirio Lobo Sosa becomes the new President of Honduras.
2011 Arab Spring: The Yemeni Revolution begins as over 16,000 protestors demonstrate in Sana'a.
Shuttered nightclub with flowers and messages from mourners
2013 242 people die in a nightclub fire in the city of Santa Maria, Brazil.
1546 Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1608)
1571 Abbas I of Persia, Shah of Persia (d. 1629)
W.A.Mozart Eine kleine Nachtmusik (Complete) Slovak Chamber Orchestra
1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer of the Classical era(d. 1791)
1795 Eli Whitney Blake, American engineer, invented the Mortise lock (d. 1886)
1821 John Chivington, American colonel and pastor (d. 1892)
1822 Thomas Leiper Kane Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1883
1826 Richard Taylor, American general (d. 1879)
1828 Samuel Allen Rice Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1864
1830 William Henry Fitzhugh Payne Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
1834 Robert Sanford Foster Brevet Major General (Union volunteers)
1839 John Julian, famed English authority on sacred music. His undoubted masterwork is the monumental "Dictionary of Hymnology" which he published in 1892 (later revised, updated and reissued in 1957).
1845 August Crull, hymn translator, in Rostock, Germany (d. 17 February 1923, Milwaukee, Wisconsin).
1850 Samuel Gompers, English-American labor leader (d. 1924)
1859 Wilhelm II, German Emperor (d. 1941)
1860 Reuben "Bud" Robinson (d 1942) Nazarene, Stuttering Evangelist. When Bud Robinson became a Christian he could not read and stuttered so badly that men howled with laughter to hear him attempt to witness. But God transformed him into a notable evangelist, writer, and soul-winner for the newly-formed Nazarene denomination, partly through the efforts of Bud's wife, Sally.
1869 Will Marion Cook, American violinist and composer (d. 1944)
1872 Learned Hand Albany NY, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)
1885 Jerome Kern, American composer (d. 1945)
1887 Carl Blegen Minneapolis MN, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos)
1894 Fritz Pollard early black NFL star (1920-26)
L to R: Harry Ruby and Bert Kalmar
1895 Harry Ruby, American composer and screenwriter (d. 1974)
1900 Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
1901 Art Rooney, American football player and coach, founded the Pittsburgh Steelers (d. 1988)
1902 Carl Berner, German-American super-centenarian (d. 2013)
1903 Otto P. Weyland, American general (d. 1979)
1904 James J. Gibson, American psychologist, considered one of the most important 20th century psychologists in the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Gibson as the 88th most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with John Garcia, David Rumelhart, Louis Leon Thurstone, Margaret Floy Washburn, and Robert S. Woodworth.[ (d. 1979)
1905 Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969) (Floyd, the barber-Andy Griffith Show, Jetsons)
1907 Theodore H. Epp (d October 13, 1985) American Christian clergyman, writer, and a radio evangelist. Epp was the founding director and speaker of the Back to the Bible broadcasts between 1939–1985, heard worldwide on eight hundred stations in eight languages
W.R. Hearst and his wife in 1930 on a visit in Berlin
1908 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American journalist and publisher (d. 1993)
1908 Hot Lips Page, American trumpet player, singer, and bandleader (d. 1954)
1910 Benay Venuta (d September 1, 1995) American actress, singer and dancer.
1912 Francis Rogallo, American engineer, invented the Rogallo wing. His patents ranged over mechanical utility patents and ornamental design patents for wing controls, airfoils, target kite, flexible wing, and advanced configurations for flexible wing vehicles. (d. 2009)
1915 Jules Archer, American historian and author (d. 2008)
1915 Jacques Hnizdovsky, Ukrainian-American painter, sculptor, and illustrator (d. 1985)
1918 Skitch Henderson, American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2005)
1918 Elmore James, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1963)
1918 William Seawell, American general (d. 2005)
1919 Ross Bagdasarian, Sr., American singer-songwriter, pianist, producer, and actor (Alvin and the Chipmunks) (d. 1972)
1921 Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986)
1924 Harvey Shapiro, American poet and academic (d. 2013)
1927 Billy Barnes, American composer (d. 2012)
1927 Jerry Haynes, American actor (d. 2011)
1930 Bobby Bland, American singer-songwriter (d. 2013)
1931 Red Bastien, American wrestler (d. 2012)
1933 Jerry Buss, American chemist and businessman (d. 2013)
1934 George Follmer, American race car driver
1935 Steve Demeter, American baseball player (d. 2013)
1936 Troy Donahue, American actor (d. 2001)
1936 Samuel C. C. Ting, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1939 Julius Lester, American author and academic
1940 James Cromwell, American actor
1941 Bobby Hutcherson, American vibraphone player and composer
1942 Stewart Raffill, American director and screenwriter
1942 John Witherspoon, American actor
1942 Kate Wolf, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1986)
1946 Nedra Talley, American singer (Ronettes)
1947 Cal Schenkel, American illustrator
1949 Ethan Mordden, American author
1950 Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-American gynecologist
1951 Seth Justman, American keyboard player and songwriter (The J. Geils Band)
1951 Ken Timbs, American wrestler (d. 2004)
1952 Billy Johnson, American football player
1952 Tam O'Shaughnessy, American tennis player, psychologist, and academic
1954 Peter Laird, American author and illustrator
1954 Ed Schultz, American talk show host
1955 John Roberts, American jurist, 17th Chief Justice of the United States
1955 Alexander Stuart, English-American author and screenwriter
1956 Mimi Rogers, American actress
1957 Frank Miller, American illustrator, director, producer, and screenwriter
1958 James Grippando, American author
1958 Susanna Thompson, American actress
1959 Cris Collinsworth, American football player
1959 Keith Olbermann, American journalist and author
1961 Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer
1961 Karen Velez, American model
1964 Bridget Fonda, American actress
1964 Jack Haley, American basketball player
1965 Alan Cumming, Scottish-American actor, singer, director, and producer
1968 Mike Patton, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (Faith No More, Mr. Bungle, Fantômas, Tomahawk, and Lovage)
1968 Matt Stover, American football player
1968 Deb Talan, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Weepies)
1969 Patton Oswalt, American comedian and actor
1972 Josh Randall, American actor
1976 Clint Ford, American voice actor
1976 Todd MacCulloch, American basketball player
1976 Zoriah Miller, American photographer
1976 Fred Taylor, American football player
1979 Mario Fatafehi, American football player
1980 Jay Murphy, American basketball player
1980 Chanda Gunn, American ice hockey player
1983 Deon Anderson, American football player
1983 Gavin Floyd, American baseball player
1983 Mike Zagurski, American baseball player
1984 Davetta Sherwood, American actress and singer
1987 Katy Rose, American singer-songwriter and producer
1990 Maria-Elena Papasotiriou, American-Greek figure skater
1993 Joe Landolina, American inventor and entrepreneur
1996 Braeden Lemasters, American actor and singer
1997 Peyton Ernst, American gymnast
661 Ali, Saudi Arabian caliph (b. 607)
672 Pope Vitalian
1540 Angela Merici, Italian religious leader and saint. Italian religious educator, who is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church. She founded the Company of St. Ursula in 1535 in Brescia, in which women dedicated their lives to the service of the Church through the education of girls. From this organization later sprang the monastic Order of Ursulines, whose nuns established places of prayer and learning throughout Europe and, later, worldwide, most notably in North America. (b. 1474)
1596 Francis Drake, English sea captain, privateer, explorer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era. Drake carried out the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580, and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation.(b. 1540)
1836 Frederick David Schaeffer, Pennsylvania Ministerium pastor, (b. 15 November 1760, Frankfurt am Main).
1851 John James Audubon, French-American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his extensive studies documenting all types of American birds and for his detailed illustrations that depicted the birds in their natural habitats. His major work, a color-plate book entitled The Birds of America (1827–1839), is considered one of the finest ornithological works ever completed. Audubon identified 25 new species. (b. 1789)
1893 James G Blaine US minister of foreign affairs, dies at 62
1948 John Caspar Mattes, Lutheran theologian, writer and hymn translator, (b. 8 November 1876, Easton, Pennsylvania).
1956 Erich Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1890)
1963 John Farrow, Australian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1904)
1967 Roger B. Chaffee, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1935)
1967 Gus Grissom, American pilot and astronaut (b. 1926)
1967 Edward Higgins White, American colonel, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1930)
1972 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (b. 1888)
1972 Mahalia Jackson, American singer (b. 1911)
1973 William Nolde, American colonel (b. 1929)
1975 Bill Walsh, American screenwriter and producer (b. 1913)
1986 Lilli Palmer, German-American actress (b. 1914)
1994 Claude Akins, American actor (b. 1918)
1996 Ralph Yarborough, American politician (b. 1903)
1997 Gerald Marks, American songwriter (b. 1900)
2004 Jack Paar, American talk show host and author (b. 1918)
2004 Don Stansauk, American wrestler and actor (b. 1925)
2006 Gene McFadden, American singer-songwriter and producer (McFadden & Whitehead) (b. 1948)
2007 Tige Andrews, American actor (b. 1920)
2007 Alberta Davis, American super-centenarian ( b. 1881)
2008 Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader and author, 15th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1910)
2008 Louie Welch, American politician, 54th Mayor of Houston (b. 1918)
2009 Blair Lent, American author (b. 1930)
2009 John Updike, American author (b. 1932)
2010 Zelda Rubinstein, American actress (b. 1933)
2010 Howard Zinn, American historian, author, and activist (b. 1922)
2011 Charlie Callas, American comedian and actor (b. 1927)
2012 Greg Cook, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1946)
2012 Jeannette Hamby, American nurse and politician (b. 1933)
2012 Todd Lynn, American comedian and actor (b. 1964)
2012 Hermano Pablo, Puerto Rican-American evangelist (b. 1921)
2012 Kevin White, American politician, 51st Mayor of Boston (b. 1929)
2013 Leroy "Sugarfoot" Bonner, American singer, guitarist, and producer (Ohio Players) (b. 1943)
2013 Harry L. Carrico, American lawyer and judge (b. 1916)
2013 Chuck Hinton, American baseball player (b. 1934)
2013 Stanley Karnow, American journalist and historian (b. 1925)
2013 Barney Mussill, American baseball player (b. 1919)
2013 Sally Starr, American actress and television host (b. 1923)
2014 Ann Carter, American actress (b. 1936)
2014 Pete Seeger, American singer-songwriter, banjoist, guitarist (The Weavers and Almanac Singers), music teacher and activist (b. 1919)
Holidays and observances
Christian Feast Day:
Saint Angela Merici
January 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Venerable Peter of Egypt, disciple of Abba Lot (5th century)
Saint Marciana the Queen, wife of Emperor Justin I (518-527), interred in the Church of the Holy Apostles.
Saint Dimitrianos the Wonderworker, Bishop of Tamassos, Cyprus.
Venerable Claudinus, monastic.
Saint Ashot I of Iberia (Ashot Kurapalates), first Bagrationi King of Georgia, murdered (830) (see also: January 29)
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Saint Julian of Sora, martyred under Antoninus Pius (ca. 150)
Saint Julian of Le Mans, venerated as the first Bishop of Le Mans in France (3rd century)
Saint Devota, virgin-martyr in Corsica who expired on the rack in the persecution of Diocletian (303)
Saint Avitus, venerated in the Canary Islands as their Apostle and first Bishop, martyred in Africa.
Saints Datius, Reatrus (Restius) and Companions; and Datius (Dativus), Julian, Vincent and 27 Companions (ca. 500)
Saint Maurus (Marius, Maur, May), founder of a monastery in Bodon (Bobacum) in France (ca. 555)
Saint Natalis of Ulster, a monastic founder in the north of Ireland, he worked with St Columba (564)
Saint Lupus of Châlons, Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saone, famous for his charity to the afflicted (ca. 610)
Saint Vitalian, Pope of Rome from 657 to 672 (672)
Saint Emerius, founder and first Abbot of St Stephen of Bañoles in Catalonia in Spain (8th century)
Saint Candida, mother of St Emerius, anchoress at the monastery of St Stephen of Bañoles in Spain (ca. 798)
Saint Gamelbert of Michaelsbuch (800)
Saint Theodoric II of Orleans, monk at Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in Sens in France, became Bishop of Orleans (1022)
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
Venerable Titus the Soldier, monk of the Kiev Caves Monastery (11th century)
New Martyr Demetrius at Constantinople (1784)
Saint Demetrius Klepinine, Priest, of Paris (1944)
New Martyrs and Confessors
New Hieromartyr Peter (Zverev) of Voronezh (1929)
New Hieromartyr Paul Dobromislov, Protopresbyter of Alma-Ata (1940)
Saint Anna Ivashkina, the Confessor of Ryazan (1948)
Venerable Leonty (Stasevich) of Ivanovo, Archimandrite, New-Confessor (1972)
New Hieromartyr Leontius the Mystic of Ternopil and Jablechna monastery, Poland (1972)
Translation of the relics (437) of St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople (407)
Repose of Nun Neonilla of the Farther Davidov Convent (1875)
Repose of Schema-nun Margarita (Lakhtionova) of Diveyevo Monastery (1997)
Liberation of the remaining inmates of Auschwitz-related observances: Holocaust Memorial Day (United Kingdom)
International Holocaust Remembrance Day (International)