December 10 Dec 8, 2013 23:22:48 GMT -5
Post by Evon on Dec 8, 2013 23:22:48 GMT -5
December 10 is the 344th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
There are 21 days remaining until the end of the year.
Days until coming elections:
U.S. Debt Clock: www.usdebtclock.org/
1508 The League of Cambrai is formed by Pope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Ferdinand II of Aragon as an alliance against Venice.
Map of Goa, in Histoire générale des Voyages, de la Harpe, 1750.
1510 Portuguese Conquest of Goa: Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji seize Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate, resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule.
1520 Outside Wittenberg's Elster Gate, Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon burned Pope Leo X's papal bull Exsurge Domine (which threatened Luther with excommunication) together with the canon law of the papacy.
Portrait miniature by Hans Holbein the Younger
1541 Thomas Culpeper and Francis Dereham are executed for having affairs with Catherine Howard, Queen of England and wife of Henry VIII.
1593 Italian archaeologist Antonio Bosio first descended into the subterranean Christian burial chambers, located under the streets of Rome. Bosio was dubbed the "Columbus of the Catacombs," and his books long remained the standard work on the underground tombs of the early Roman Church.
1672 Jacob Fabritius, Lutheran pastor, began to serve Swedish Lutheran Americans (b. Silesia; d. 1696 [1693?]).
Newton in a 1702 portrait by Godfrey Kneller
1684 Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
Statue of James Oglethorpe at the Augusta Common, an open space he personally designed when co-founding the city in 1735
1735 During a visit to England, Georgia governor James Edward Oglethorpe (1696–1785) met John and Charles Wesley, students at Oxford University.
1799 France adopts the metre as its official unit of length.
1817 Mississippi becomes the 20th U.S. state.
1854 The second construction of the structure known as St Paul's Outside the Walls was consecrated. The church is one of four major basilicas in Rome. The original edifice was erected by Roman emperor Constantine in 324, and rebuilt as a larger basilica in the late fourth century by the Emperor Honorius (395).
Evolution of the Confederate States
1861 American Civil War: the Confederate States of America accept a rival state government's pronouncement that declares Kentucky to be the 13th state of the Confederacy.
Sherman's men destroying a railroad in Atlanta.
1864 American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea - Major General William Tecumseh Sherman's Union Army troops reach the outer Confederate defenses of Savannah, Georgia.
1868 The first traffic lights are installed, outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
1869 Wyoming becomes the first U.S. territory where women could vote and hold office. Wyoming Territorial Gov. John Campbell signed legislation giving women the right to vote.
1881 The first Lutheran congregation in southern California held its first service.
1884 Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is published for the first time.
1898 Spanish-American War: The Treaty of Paris is signed, officially ending the conflict.
1899 Delta Sigma Phi fraternity is founded at the City College of New York.
The Nobel Prize
1901 The first Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. The list of winners that year included Wilhelm Röntgen (Physics), Jacobus Henricus van t’Hoff (Chemistry), Sally Prudhomme (Literature) and Frédéric Passy (Peace).
1902 Women are given the right to vote in Tasmania.
1905 "The Gift of the Magi," a short story by William Sydney Porter, 43, was first published. Known by his pen name, O. Henry, Porter's writings were characterized by trick endings, making him a master of short story telling.
1906 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize.
The original statue of the brown dog, by Joseph Whitehead, was erected in Battersea in 1906, presumed destroyed in 1910
1907 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals that have been vivisected.
1909 Selma Lagerlöf becomes the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature
1911 The first transcontinental flight across the United States is completed. Calbraith Perry Rodgers began the flight on 17 September 1911, taking off from Sheepshead Bay NY.
Signs welcoming motorists to Nashville on all major roadways include the phrase "Home Of The Grand Ole Opry"
1927 The phrase "Grand Ole Opry" is used for the first time on-air.
1931 Jane Addams becomes the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize; the co-recipient was Nicholas Murray Butler.
1932 Thailand adopts a constitution and becomes a constitutional monarchy.
1935 The Downtown Athletic Club Trophy, later renamed the Heisman Trophy, is awarded to halfback Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago.
1936 Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII signs the Instrument of Abdication.
HMS Prince of Wales
1941 World War II: The Royal Navy capital ships HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse are sunk by Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo bombers near Malaya.
1941 World War II: Battle of the Philippines - Imperial Japanese forces under the command of General Masaharu Homma land on the Philippine mainland.
Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
1948 The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
1949 Chinese Civil War: The People's Liberation Army begins its siege of Chengdu, the last Kuomintang-held city in mainland China, forcing President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek and his government to retreat to Taiwan.
1950 Political scientist and diplomat Ralph J. Bunche becomes the first African American to be honored with a Nobel Prize for peace, for his endeavors in resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict in Palestine in the 1940s.
1955 The Mighty Mouse Playhouse premieres on television.
1956 English Christian apologist C.S. Lewis wrote in a letter: 'In so far as the things unseen are manifested by the things seen, one might from one point of view call the whole material universe an allegory.'
1964 Martin Luther King Jr. receives his Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, saying he accepted it "with an abiding faith in America and an audacious faith in the future of mankind."
1965 The Grateful Dead's first concert performance under this new name.
1968 Japan's biggest heist, the still-unsolved "300 million yen robbery", is carried out in Tokyo.
1976 The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
Anwar El Sadat, Jimmy Carter and Menachem Begin at White House, 1979
1978 Arab-Israeli conflict: Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Kaohsiung Eight arrested. From left to right: Chang Chun-hung (張俊宏), Huang Shin-chieh, Chen Chu, Yao Chia-wen, Shih Ming-teh, Annette Lu, Lin Hung-hsuan (林弘宣).
1979 Kaohsiung Incident: Taiwanese pro-democracy demonstrations are suppressed by the KMT dictatorship, and organizers are arrested.
1983 Democracy is restored in Argentina with the assumption of President Raúl Alfonsín.
1989 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announces the establishment of Mongolia's democratic movement that changes the second oldest communist country into a democracy.
Miners in the cage ready for their descent, Wearmouth Colliery, 1993
1993 The last shift leaves Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. The closure of the 156-year-old pit marks the end of the old County Durham coalfield, which had been in operation since the Middle Ages.
Over 5,000 people seeking refuge in Ntrama church were killed by grenade, machete, rifle, or burnt alive
1994 Rwandan Genocide: Military advisor to the United Nations Secretary-General and head of the Military Division of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations of the United Nations Maurice Baril recommends that the UN multi-national forces in Zaire stand down. The Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority. During the approximate 100-day period from April 7, 1994 to mid-July, an estimated 500,000–1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, constituting as much as 20% of the country's total population and 70% of the Tutsi then living in Rwanda.
1996 Anti-apartheid revolutionary Nelson Mandela, who was President of South Africa at the time, signs the final draft of the constitution into law. It was one of the most liberal constitutions and guaranteed equal rights for all citizens, irrespective of race.
1998 First piece of the International Space Station is launched. Six astronauts open the doors to the new international space station 250 miles above the Earth's surface.
2007 Cristina Fernandez is sworn in as Argentina's first elected female president.
2009 U.S. President Barack Obama is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Obama accepted the award, saying he is humbled and receives it with an acute sense of the cost of war.
2011 Tens of thousands of Russians stage anti-government protests, charging electoral fraud and demanding an end to Vladimir Putin's rule.